tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2017-03-22T22:30:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/why-inequality-matters-luck-egalitarianism-its-meaning-and-value-2/ 2017-03-22T22:30:00-0400 2017-03-22T22:30:00-0400 Why Inequality Matters: Luck Egalitarianism, Its Meaning and Value Shlomi Segall <p>2017.03.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/why-inequality-matters-luck-egalitarianism-its-meaning-and-value-2/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Shlomi Segall, <em>Why Inequality Matters: Luck Egalitarianism, Its Meaning and Value</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 256pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107129818.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Alex Voorhoeve, London School of Economics</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Shlomi Segall's new book<em> </em>contains many novel ideas. It should engage researchers with an interest in debates between luck egalitarians and two of their principal opponents, prioritarians and sufficientarians.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a> While, as I shall argue below, not all of its arguments succeed, it also makes contributions which deserve to profoundly influence debates on distributive justice. I will first summarize the book's central points and then evaluate some of its arguments.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Segall's project is to offer a theory of the value of a distribution of well-being. This theory is meant to establish what decision-makers should do insofar as their proper aim is to maximize this value (or to maximize expected value, if they are deciding under risk). It therefore sets aside non-consequentialist... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/why-inequality-matters-luck-egalitarianism-its-meaning-and-value-2/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/philosophy-of-emerging-media-understanding-appreciation-application/ 2017-03-22T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-22T20:00:00-0400 Philosophy of Emerging Media: Understanding, Appreciation, Application Juliet Floyd and James E. Katz (eds.) <p>2017.03.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophy-of-emerging-media-understanding-appreciation-application/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Juliet Floyd and James E. Katz (eds.), <em>Philosophy of Emerging Media: Understanding, Appreciation, Application</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 466pp., $39.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780190260750.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Val Dusek, University of New Hampshire</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This work is a genuine contribution to showcasing philosophical thought about big data and the internet, (including e-mail, Skype, and social media, such as Facebook and Snapchat, among other platforms). It also includes discussion of less novel media, such as photography. It treats various media without basing itself solely on a single postmodern or Heideggerian approach, as do many cultural studies works on the topic. It utilizes Anglo-American linguistic philosophy, a variety of French approaches and a bit of process philosophy. This work is much more philosophical than most recent books on media since Hubert Dreyfus' and Michael Heim's books, both based primarily on Heidegger.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Whereas much of the discussion in emerging-media and contemporary-communication studies is based on postmodernist sources, the authors of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophy-of-emerging-media-understanding-appreciation-application/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/rethinking-order-after-the-laws-of-nature/ 2017-03-21T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-21T20:00:00-0400 Rethinking Order after the Laws of Nature Nancy Cartwright and Keith Ward (eds.) <p>2017.03.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rethinking-order-after-the-laws-of-nature/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Nancy Cartwright and Keith Ward (eds.), <em>Rethinking Order after the Laws of Nature</em>, Bloomsbury, 2016, 240pp., $114.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781474244060.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by John F. Halpin, Oakland University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">It is all too easy, even three centuries after Newton, to assume that everything, deep down, is governed by universal laws. Newton's principles are simple, provide powerful state transition laws, and are easily extended as new forces are discovered. Moreover, over the centuries Newton's laws have been successfully transformed to provide today's basic principles of physics, often as a version of Schrodinger's equation. Such principles of nature govern and/or determine a future state of the world and (perhaps only probabilistically) events. But such fundamental laws, "master principles", are not the only way to understand science and its underlying metaphysical lesson. Indeed, the contributors to this volume explain how this may be a very limited interpretation of science.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">One of the editors, Nancy Cartwright,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rethinking-order-after-the-laws-of-nature/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/logical-modalities-from-aristotle-to-carnap-the-story-of-necessity/ 2017-03-20T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-20T20:00:00-0400 Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity Max Cresswell <p>2017.03.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/logical-modalities-from-aristotle-to-carnap-the-story-of-necessity/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Max Cresswell, Edwin Mares, Adriane Rini (eds<em>.</em>), <em>Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 348pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107077881.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Simo Knuuttila, University of Helsinki</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">In their introduction, the editors say that some years ago, when they were reflecting on modality, possible worlds, and related matters, they started asking where philosophers through the ages have thought that necessity originates and what have they said necessity is. This is the background of this book, which is particularly meant to shed light on how understanding the nature of necessity requires a consideration of its role in logic. Nevertheless, the work is not strictly limited to this theme, and while all papers address modality, not all are about what readers might regard as logical necessity. Some more elaboration of this issue, also hinted at in the title, would have been welcome in the introduction, where the first question is about the origin... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/logical-modalities-from-aristotle-to-carnap-the-story-of-necessity/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/egocentricity-and-mysticism-an-anthropological-study/ 2017-03-19T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-19T20:00:00-0400 Egocentricity and Mysticism: An Anthropological Study Ernst Tugendhat <p>2017.03.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/egocentricity-and-mysticism-an-anthropological-study/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Ernst Tugendhat, <em>Egocentricity and Mysticism: An Anthropological Study</em>, Alexei Procyshyn and Mario Wenning (trs.), Columbia University Press, 2016, 163pp., $50.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780231169127.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Ursula Renz, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This is the third book by Ernst Tugendhat that has been translated into English. Though perhaps not the most important of his works, it is certainly more illuminating than any other text when it comes to exhibiting the implications of his thought. Well known for his <em>Traditional and Analytic Philosophy: Lectures on the Philosophy of Language</em> (1982, originally 1976), his <em>Self-Consciousness and Self-Determination</em> (1986, originally 1979) as well as his <em>Vorlesungen über Ethik </em>(1993), Tugendhat returns with <em>Egocentricity and Mysticism</em> (2016, originally 2003) to the existential beginnings of his philosophical biography,<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a> which he now seeks to spell out in the idiom of analytical philosophy.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">But Tugendhat displays also a critical attitude towards the aspirations of his youth, in particular by... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/egocentricity-and-mysticism-an-anthropological-study/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/terrorism-unjustified-the-use-and-misuse-of-political-violence/ 2017-03-16T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-16T20:00:00-0400 Terrorism Unjustified: The Use and Misuse of Political Violence Vicente Medina <p>2017.03.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/terrorism-unjustified-the-use-and-misuse-of-political-violence/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Vicente Medina<span style="font-variant:small-caps">, </span><em>Terrorism Unjustified: The Use and Misuse of Political Violence</em>, Rowman and Littlefield, 2016, 289pp., $80.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781442253513.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Georg Meggle, University of Leipzig/American University in Cairo</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This book is on the ethics of terrorism. And its very title already gives us Medina's position: terrorism, being the sort of political violence it is (i.e., terrorism as understood by Medina), is per se unjustified; so every use of this special sort of political violence must be a misuse that is morally to be condemned. Before spelling out and discussing this position, Medina gives us (chapter 1) a short overview of the history of terrorism. In chapters 2-3 he does what every good philosopher has to start with: develops a map of the semantics of the wide field in question, ending up with an explicit definition of the term "terrorism" as used in his own arguments. Medina's main ethical discussion is structured by... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/terrorism-unjustified-the-use-and-misuse-of-political-violence/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/social-contract-theory-for-a-diverse-world-beyond-tolerance/ 2017-03-15T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-15T20:00:00-0400 Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World: Beyond Tolerance Ryan Muldoon <p>2017.03.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/social-contract-theory-for-a-diverse-world-beyond-tolerance/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Ryan Muldoon, <em>Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World: Beyond Tolerance</em>, Routledge, 2016, 131pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN <span style="background:white">9781138681361.</span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael L. Frazer, University of East Anglia</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle"><span style="background:white">It is now a common platitude that diversity is not to be tolerated as a necessary evil, but to be celebrated as a positive good. It is also a well-worn, if more controversial, claim that universal conceptions of justice are a danger to our much-celebrated diversity. This latter idea is at the heart of everything from the leftist critique of liberalism as racist, sexist, and imperialist to the reactionary defense of folkish communities against rootless cosmopolitanism. Not only much of the political theory of our era, but also much of the actual political conflict, is devoted to the struggle between diverse particularities and universal principles.</span></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT"><span style="background:white">The public-reason-based account of political liberalism developed by John Rawls late in his career can be... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/social-contract-theory-for-a-diverse-world-beyond-tolerance/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/dark-ghettos-injustice-dissent-and-reform/ 2017-03-14T22:00:00-0400 2017-03-14T22:00:00-0400 Dark Ghettos: Injustice, Dissent, and Reform Tommie Shelby <p>2017.03.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/dark-ghettos-injustice-dissent-and-reform/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Tommie Shelby, <em>Dark Ghettos: Injustice, Dissent, and Reform</em>, Harvard University Press, 2016, 340pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780674970502.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Lucius T. Outlaw, Jr., Vanderbilt University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Tommie Shelby turns his attention to metropolitan neighborhoods throughout the United States of America, composed mostly of black people (hence "dark" ghettos), that are characterized by high rates of concentrated poverty, violence, racial segregation, street crime, joblessness, family instability, welfare receipt, drug abuse, teenage pregnancy, and school dropouts. It is in virtue of such features that these neighborhoods are stigmatized as "ghettos" (p. 1). The stigma is imposed on the residents, as well. Shelby's concern: how best to think philosophically about these neighborhoods and residents, not with regard to how best to ameliorate their unfairly conditioned lives, but to how it is that such life-affecting ghetto conditions came to exist and persist. For Shelby, the issue is a matter of <em>justice</em>: that is, how... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/dark-ghettos-injustice-dissent-and-reform/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/heideggers-path-to-language/ 2017-03-14T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-14T20:00:00-0400 Heidegger's Path to Language Wanda Torres Gregory <p>2017.03.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heideggers-path-to-language/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer">Wanda Torres Gregory, <em>Heidegger's Path to Language</em>, Lexington, 2016, 148pp., $80.00 (hbk), ISBN <span style="background:white">9781498527026.</span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Joe Balay, Christopher Newport University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">From his early work to his late pathways, Heidegger's central question of Being is intimately tied to the question of language through which and within which Being is disclosed. For this reason, Wanda Torres Gregory proposes that to grapple with Heidegger's notion of Being it is inevitable that we should confront the question of language<em>.</em> The significance of this critical confrontation is made all the more exigent, however, when one observes that "Heidegger himself calls us to this task when he speaks to the importance of language in the development of his thought" (xvii).</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">As has been noted by other scholars, this intimacy between Being and language in Heidegger's work presents certain critical challenges. First and foremost is Heidegger's "reticence" about how to... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heideggers-path-to-language/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/rights-angles/ 2017-03-13T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-13T20:00:00-0400 Rights Angles Loren E. Lomasky <p>2017.03.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rights-angles/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Loren E. Lomasky, <em>Rights Angles, </em>Oxford University Press, 2016, 387pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190263959.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Matt Zwolinski, University of San Diego</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Philosophical advocates of libertarianism have long been divided into two main camps. In one are the followers of John Locke, who ground their libertarianism in a natural right of self-ownership, combined with the ability to acquire strong rights of private property in natural resources through some form of original appropriation or free exchange. Among academic philosophers, the uncontested champion of this camp is Robert Nozick, though Ayn Rand and Murray Rothbard have remained popular "outsider" favorites.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">In the other camp are the consequentialists, who support the libertarian ideal of free markets and limited government because and to the extent that those institutions can be reliably expected to yield better results than any alternative. The inspirations and champions of this camp are more diverse,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rights-angles/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/naturalism-realism-and-normativity/ 2017-03-12T20:00:00-0400 2017-03-12T20:00:00-0400 Naturalism, Realism, and Normativity Hilary Putnam <p>2017.03.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/naturalism-realism-and-normativity/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Hilary Putnam, <em>Naturalism, Realism, and Normativity</em>, Mario De Caro (ed.), Harvard University Press, 2016, 238pp., $49.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780674659698.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stathis Psillos, University of Athens</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Hilary Putnam died on March 13, 2016. In 2013 he wrote: "It had better be the case that we can learn from dead philosophers, 'cause we're all gonna be dead!" (92). Well, Putnam was in constant dialogue with many dead (as well as living) philosophers. His intellectual career, as is amply testified by the present volume, was characterized by an honest and genuine attempt to refine and revise his philosophical positions so that they reflect more accurately his changing views. Putnam was not afraid of changing philosophical views either as a result of arguments produced by dead and living philosophers or as a result of fresh empirical findings. His corpus is a philosophical goldmine. I doubt that there has been any philosopher who interacted... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/naturalism-realism-and-normativity/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/terrorism-and-the-right-to-resist-a-theory-of-just-revolutionary-war/ 2017-03-09T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-09T20:00:00-0500 Terrorism and the Right to Resist: A Theory of Just Revolutionary War Christopher J. Finlay <p>2017.03.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/terrorism-and-the-right-to-resist-a-theory-of-just-revolutionary-war/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Christopher J. Finlay, <em>Terrorism and the Right to Resist: A Theory of Just Revolutionary War</em>,<em> </em>Cambridge University Press, 2015, 339pp., $103.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107040939.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Margaret Moore, Queen's University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This is an in-depth, systematic study of an important and timely dimension of the phenomenon of violent resistance or rebellion. After a brief period in the post-Cold War era, in which many were lulled into believing we had entered a stage of democratic transition and the abandonment of guerilla war and terrorist tactics (by the IRA, the ANC and the PLO), we are now back to considering the ethics of armed force as it is used in the struggle to secure human rights against domestic tyranny or foreign injustice. Since the Arab Spring, and violent events in the Ukraine and the Russian occupation there, we need urgently to consider the ethics of armed 'resistance', when it is justifiable, when it is not, and what... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/terrorism-and-the-right-to-resist-a-theory-of-just-revolutionary-war/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/neuroethics-and-the-scientific-revision-of-common-sense/ 2017-03-08T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-08T20:00:00-0500 Neuroethics and the Scientific Revision of Common Sense Nada Gligorov <p>2017.03.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/neuroethics-and-the-scientific-revision-of-common-sense/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Nada Gligorov, <em>Neuroethics and the Scientific Revision of Common Sens</em>e, Springer, 2016, 169pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9789402409642.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by L. Syd M. Johnson, Michigan Technological University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Neuroethics is avowedly interdisciplinary, although scholarship in neuroethics remains sometimes stubbornly siloed, either more engaged in neuroscience, with only handwaving towards ethical concerns, or more obviously focused on ethics with a less rigorous grasp on current neuroscientific developments. Nada Gligorov focuses on several of the more metaphysical concerns in neuroethics and engages in an insightful way with philosophy of mind and empirical neuroscience. What's generally missing in this slender volume is ethics and attention to drawing out the ethical implications of the book's interesting conclusions. But as a work that seeks to bridge philosophy of mind and neuroethics, it is philosophically ambitious and rich in a welcome way. The writing is generally crisp and concise, and Gligorov's ability to explain complex ideas clearly will... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/neuroethics-and-the-scientific-revision-of-common-sense/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/stain-removal-ethics-and-race/ 2017-03-07T22:00:00-0500 2017-03-15T20:23:27-0400 Stain Removal: Ethics and Race J. Reid Miller <p>2017.03.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/stain-removal-ethics-and-race/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">J. Reid Miller, <em>Stain Removal</em>: <em>Ethics and Race</em>, Oxford University Press, 2017, 204pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190280970.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Naomi Zack, University of Oregon</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream that someday African Americans would be judged by the content of their characters and not the color(s) of their skins has to the present set the moral standard for attitudes and behavior involving racial difference. For instance, in <em>Buck v. Davis</em>, the U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled inadmissible a psychologist's assessment at sentencing that the defendant would be statistically likely to commit further crimes, because he was black. The Court's ruling was based on the presumption that racial stereotypes cannot be used as evidence in a court of law. Indeed, the application of group statistics to individual cases is not sound prediction and many would consider the Court's ruling here as an astute identification of contemporary racism as practiced... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/stain-removal-ethics-and-race/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-shenzi-fragments-a-philosophical-analysis-and-translation/ 2017-03-07T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-07T20:00:00-0500 The Shenzi Fragments: A Philosophical Analysis and Translation Eirik Lang Harris <p>2017.03.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-shenzi-fragments-a-philosophical-analysis-and-translation/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Eirik Lang Harris, <em>The Shenzi Fragments: A Philosophical Analysis and Translation</em>, Columbia University Press, 2016, 173pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780231177665.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Franklin Perkins, University of Hawai'i at Manoa</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The two main extant lists of philosophers from the late Warring States Period -- one in the <em>Xunzi</em> and one in the <em>Zhuangzi</em> -- both mention a thinker named Shen Dao 慎到 or Shenzi 慎子 (Master Shen), suggesting he was among the most prominent philosophers of that time. Shenzi is thought to have lived from approximately 360-285 BCE and to have been part of the famed Jixia Academy, a group of scholars and advisors supported by the state of Qi. There are records of a book bearing his name in existence through the Tang dynasty, but then it disappeared. All we have now are fragments attributed to Shenzi that were passed down in other texts, similar to what we have in Europe from the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-shenzi-fragments-a-philosophical-analysis-and-translation/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/fictional-characters-real-problems-the-search-for-ethical-content-in-literature/ 2017-03-06T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-06T20:00:00-0500 Fictional Characters, Real Problems: The Search for Ethical Content in Literature Garry L. Hagberg (ed.) <p>2017.03.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fictional-characters-real-problems-the-search-for-ethical-content-in-literature/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Garry L. Hagberg (ed.), <em>Fictional Characters, Real Problems</em>: <em>The Search for Ethical Content in Literature</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 389pp., $90.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198715719.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Ole Martin Skilleås, University of Bergen</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">In order to describe the unifying theme of this collection of essays from prominent academics working in the field of philosophy and literature, Garry L. Hagberg resorts to ocular metaphors. They are to provide us with a vision, he says, of how ethical considerations are intertwined with diverse forms of literary expression. As the title indicates, fictional characters face the same problems as real people. What then, are the benefits and problems, if any, of investigating these problems through fictional events and situations faced by equally fictional characters? The eighteen essays investigate in ways that are no less diverse than the literary expressions they to varying degrees are concerned with, and this is a source of both strengths and weaknesses. In what follows I... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fictional-characters-real-problems-the-search-for-ethical-content-in-literature/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/essays-in-moral-skepticism/ 2017-03-05T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-05T20:00:00-0500 Essays in Moral Skepticism Richard Joyce <p>2017.03.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/essays-in-moral-skepticism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Richard Joyce, <em>Essays in Moral Skepticism</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 274pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198754879.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jack Woods, University of Leeds</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Richard Joyce is best known for his articulation and defense of the moral error theory, for his particular brand of moral fictionalism, and for his part (along with Sharon Street) in popularizing evolution-based debunking arguments against various moral realisms. This book<em> </em>is proof that these achievements unite into a compelling take on moral thought, talk, and the justification thereof. The collection is divided into three parts, corresponding roughly to these three claims to fame, though the essays often cross these section divisions. The two new contributions are an essay revisiting evolutionary debunking arguments in the light of recent developments and a useful summary introduction to the three themes of the book. Even though eleven of the twelve essays are reprinted, collection in one volume... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/essays-in-moral-skepticism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/carnal-hermeneutics/ 2017-03-02T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-02T20:00:00-0500 Carnal Hermeneutics Richard Kearney and Brian Treanor (eds.) <p>2017.03.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/carnal-hermeneutics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Richard Kearney and Brian Treanor (eds.), <em>Carnal Hermeneutics</em>, Fordham University Press, 2015, 392pp., $40.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780823265893.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Theodore George, Texas A&amp;M University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Editors Richard Kearney and Brian Treanor furnish a collected volume that promises to expand the scope of contemporary philosophical discussions of hermeneutics to include a broad range of considerations of the body. This, as they recognize, marks a significant departure from the themes customarily taken up by philosophers interested in hermeneutics. Hermeneutics concerns understanding and interpretation and, usually, these themes are treated not in reference to the body but above all in connection with text interpretation, dialogue (or conversation) with other persons, and related matters. Kearney and Treanor, by contrast, bring together a host of perspec­tives on the character of the body as hermeneutical and on the body's distinctive possibilities for hermeneutical experience. In their "Introduction: Carnal Hermeneutics from Head to Foot," they assert that... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/carnal-hermeneutics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-cambridge-companion-to-medieval-logic/ 2017-03-01T20:00:00-0500 2017-03-01T20:00:00-0500 The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Logic Catarina Dutilh Novaes and Stephen Read (eds.) <p>2017.03.01 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-cambridge-companion-to-medieval-logic/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle"><span style="background:white"><strong><span style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">Catarina Dutilh Novaes</span></strong><strong> and <span style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">Stephen Read</span></strong><strong> (eds.), </strong><strong><em>The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Logic</em></strong><strong>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 450pp., $29.99 (pbk), ISBN 9781107656673.</strong></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Allan Bäck, Kutztown University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This book offers a survey of a lot of the current research in medieval logic today. The blurb says, "It will be a must-read for students and scholars of medieval philosophy, the history of logic, and the history of ideas."</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">However, I would say that much of this book is accessible only to those with considerable background in this area. Some of the essays are more or less accessible to a general audience. Others would be quite hard to follow for those with little background: for example, 'syncategorematic' (21) and "Boethius' thesis" (72) are introduced without prior explanation; the discussion of consequences sometimes seems incomplete, and the reference to the <em>Categories</em> is never explained (335-8); the tables of propositions in Chapter 14 need... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-cambridge-companion-to-medieval-logic/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/debating-medieval-natural-law-a-survey/ 2017-02-28T22:00:00-0500 2017-02-28T22:00:00-0500 Debating Medieval Natural Law: A Survey Riccardo Saccenti <p>2017.02.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/debating-medieval-natural-law-a-survey/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p><strong>Riccardo Saccenti, <em>Debating Medieval Natural Law: A Survey</em>, University of Notre Dame P</strong><strong>ress, 2016, 155pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780268100407.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Steven J. Jensen, University of St. Thomas, Houston</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Some time between the twelfth century and the modern era a divide seems to have arisen between natural law and natural right. Natural law emphasizes rules to be followed, while natural right emphasizes some aspect of a person by which he has dominion over himself and by which he makes claims upon others. My right to liberty, for instance, implies that I can do with myself as I please, just so long as I do not harm others, that is, just so long as I do not impinge upon the "rights" of others. On the other hand, natural law tells me how I should act and sets limits to my behavior. The difference between law and right, it seems, could hardly be more distant.</p>... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/debating-medieval-natural-law-a-survey/" >Read More</a> </p>