tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2016-10-26T20:00:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70869-making-objects-and-events-a-hylomorphic-theory-of-artifacts-actions-and-organisms/ 2016-10-26T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-26T20:06:23-0400 Making Objects and Events: A Hylomorphic Theory of Artifacts, Actions, and Organisms Simon J. Evnine <p>2016.10.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70869-making-objects-and-events-a-hylomorphic-theory-of-artifacts-actions-and-organisms/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Simon J. Evnine, <em>Making Objects and Events: A Hylomorphic Theory of Artifacts, Actions, and Organisms</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 268pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198779674.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Lynne Rudder Baker, University of Massachusetts Amherst</strong></p> <p>In the increasingly crowded field of the metaphysics of ordinary things, Simon J. Evnine has written a superb book. It is detailed, profound, and carefully argued, with extremely well-informed discussions of views that have a bearing on his own account. Evnine is careful to make clear the relevance of many different issues to each other.</p> <p>The book is impressive in scope. Evnine formulates a hylomorphic account of artifacts (including artworks), and adapts it to organisms and actions (artifactual events). He discusses natural non-organic objects (like rivers, stars, and rocks), which he takes not to be genuine objects, and develops a fictionalist account of discourse about them. Along the way, he discusses vagueness, mereology, three- and four-dimensionalism, ontological minimalism, disjunctivism, variable embodiment, mass production, teleology, functions,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70869-making-objects-and-events-a-hylomorphic-theory-of-artifacts-actions-and-organisms/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70844-wondrous-truths-the-improbable-triumph-of-modern-science/ 2016-10-25T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-25T20:00:00-0400 Wondrous Truths: The Improbable Triumph of Modern Science J.D. Trout <p>2016.10.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70844-wondrous-truths-the-improbable-triumph-of-modern-science/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>J.D. Trout, <em>Wondrous Truths: The Improbable Triumph of Modern Science</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 241pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780199385072.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Mark Newman, Rhodes College</strong></p> <p>The principal idea of this short but entertaining popular book is that the standard narrative about how science arose across Europe, the one that tells us progress in scientific discovery during the seventeenth century was the result of the inevitable march of scientific method, is incorrect. Rather than being the result of sustained and diligent application of method, successful science is a consequence of hitting upon correct theories through a mixture of accident, luck, geography, and personal idiosyncrasy. Trout makes this rather dramatic claim because he sees a problem with scientific method's single common rule of inference, inference to the best explanation (IBE). The problem is that this rule is subject to evaluative bias. In particular, IBE relies upon the evaluation of explanations -- we... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70844-wondrous-truths-the-improbable-triumph-of-modern-science/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70705-accuracy-and-the-laws-of-credence/ 2016-10-24T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-24T20:00:00-0400 Accuracy and the Laws of Credence Richard Pettigrew <p>2016.10.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70705-accuracy-and-the-laws-of-credence/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Richard Pettigrew, <em>Accuracy and the Laws of Credence</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 238pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198732716.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Kenny Easwaran, Texas A&amp;M University</strong></p> <p>After receiving a PhD in mathematics and publishing a few papers on the philosophy of mathematics, Richard Pettigrew co-authored a major two-part paper, "An Objective Justification of Bayesianism", with Hannes Leitgeb. This paper came out in 2010 and showed how the simple idea that belief aims at the truth could be used to systematically justify a large number of intuitively plausible principles for confidence, or degree of belief. That paper used some rather flat-footed assumptions about what it means for one's degrees of belief to be close to the truth (it took the space of possible degrees of belief to be measured as if it were physical space, with the Pythagorean theorem applied to probabilities) and about how to calculate which option is best in... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70705-accuracy-and-the-laws-of-credence/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70776-the-cosmos-of-duty-henry-sidgwicks-methods-of-ethics/ 2016-10-23T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-24T11:52:49-0400 The Cosmos of Duty: Henry Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics Roger Crisp <p>2016.10.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70776-the-cosmos-of-duty-henry-sidgwicks-methods-of-ethics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Roger Crisp, <em>The Cosmos of Duty: Henry Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics</em>, Oxford University Press, 2015, 256pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198716358.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Anthony Skelton, University of Western Ontario</strong></p> <p>A flurry of attention is currently being paid to Henry Sidgwick. There have been more monographs devoted exclusively to him published in the last dozen years than in the whole of the last century. The most notable of this recent work is David Phillips's <em>Sidgwickian Ethics</em> (Oxford 2011) and Mariko Nakano-Okuno's <em>Sidgwick and Contemporary Utilitarianism</em> (Palgrave Macmillan 2011). Together with recent treatments of Sidgwick by Terence Irwin and Thomas Hurka, these works usher in a new, more sophisticated stage in the study of Sidgwick and the period in which he worked.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a></p> <p>The lion's share of this work is devoted to Sidgwick's most fertile philosophical achievement, <em>The Methods of Ethics</em>,<a href="#_edn2" name="_ednref2" title="">[2]</a> the "great, drab book", as Derek Parfit aptly called it.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70776-the-cosmos-of-duty-henry-sidgwicks-methods-of-ethics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70642-ritualized-faith-essays-on-the-philosophy-of-liturgy/ 2016-10-20T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-20T20:00:00-0400 Ritualized Faith: Essays on the Philosophy of Liturgy Terence Cuneo <p>2016.10.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70642-ritualized-faith-essays-on-the-philosophy-of-liturgy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Terence Cuneo,<em> Ritualized Faith: Essays on the Philosophy of Liturgy</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 228pp., $90.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198757757.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Samuel Lebens, University of Haifa</strong></p> <p>Does philosophy of religion currently deserve its name? If you examine the content pages of the most popular textbooks, or relevant undergraduate syllabuses, you'll see that the discipline often has less to do with <em>religion</em> than it has to do with <em>theology</em>. But <em>theology</em> doesn't exhaust <em>religion</em>. Religion is a tapestry of sociological, anthropological, and psychological phenomena often accompanied by a theology. If only to be worthy of its name, philosophy of <em>religion</em> has to have interests that go beyond the purely theological. Terence Cuneo's book is an important contribution to this task. It is a collection of Cuneo's papers on the liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox church. The chapters stand alone, but despite the odd paragraph of overlap, they also fall together quite naturally into... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70642-ritualized-faith-essays-on-the-philosophy-of-liturgy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70640-action-decision-making-and-forms-of-life/ 2016-10-19T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-19T20:00:00-0400 Action, Decision-Making and Forms of Life Jesús Padilla Gálvez (ed.) <p>2016.10.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70640-action-decision-making-and-forms-of-life/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Jesús Padilla Gálvez (ed.), <em>Action, Decision-Making and Forms of Life</em>, De Gruyter, 2016, 173pp., $112.00 (hbk), ISBN 9783110472882.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Niklas Forsberg, Uppsala University/University of Helsinki</strong></p> <p>This collection of conference papers, as the title indicates, focuses on Wittgenstein's notion of <em>forms of life</em>. A volume discussing how a Wittgenstein-inspired philosophy that brings the idea of <em>forms of life</em> to the contemporary philosophical debates about action and decision-making sounds like a very good idea. Something very fruitful may indeed come out of such a project. But what?</p> <p align="left">Wittgenstein's importance for philosophy of action more generally is of course unquestionable. Giants like Elisabeth Anscombe, Donald Davidson, and John McDowell (to name a few) have all drawn upon Wittgenstein's thinking in their work on this topic. But the thoughts inherent in Wittgenstein's idea of <em>forms of life </em>are so complicated and multifarious that its inclusion in the philosophy of action can be (or... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70640-action-decision-making-and-forms-of-life/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70602-normativity-and-naturalism-in-the-philosophy-of-the-social-sciences/ 2016-10-18T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-18T20:00:00-0400 Normativity and Naturalism in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences Mark Risjord (ed.) <p>2016.10.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70602-normativity-and-naturalism-in-the-philosophy-of-the-social-sciences/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Mark Risjord (ed.), <em>Normativity and Naturalism in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences</em>, Routledge, 2016, 272pp., $112.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138936621.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Francesco Guala, University of Milan</strong></p> <p>The domain of philosophy has been shrinking over time, partly as a consequence of its divorce from theology, but mainly because of the constant growth of scientific knowledge. It is impossible today to talk competently about venerable topics like space, time, life, or the 'soul' while ignoring the discoveries made by physicists, biologists and cognitive scientists. One set of topics, nevertheless, seems to remain out of scientists' reach: the domain of the normative, or the realm of the 'ought'. Sociologists and historians of course have a lot to say about the way we came to believe, for example, that slavery is wrong; but they cannot tell us why it is immoral to buy and sell human beings. Psychologists similarly can tell us why we reason... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70602-normativity-and-naturalism-in-the-philosophy-of-the-social-sciences/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70600-kants-lectures-on-ethics-a-critical-guide/ 2016-10-17T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-17T20:00:00-0400 Kant's Lectures on Ethics: A Critical Guide Lara Denis and Oliver Sensen (eds.) <p>2016.10.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70600-kants-lectures-on-ethics-a-critical-guide/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Lara Denis and Oliver Sensen (eds.), <em>Kant's Lectures on Ethics: A Critical Guide</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2015, 289pp., $102.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107036314.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Alice Pinheiro Walla, University of Bayreuth</strong></p> <p>"Kant's lectures on Ethics" is the umbrella term for a collection of student notes taken between the early 1760s to around 1794. This excellent collection of scholarly essays focuses on the sets of notes which are partially available in translation in the Cambridge Edition of Kant's <em>Lectures on Ethics</em> (Herder, Collins, Mrongovius II, and Vigilantius, named after the students who took the notes).</p> <p>Using these lecture notes can be tricky: first, they are far from being complete and reliable accounts of Kant's teaching (just imagine having to rely on student notes!). Probably only one set of notes was taken during<em> </em>Kant's lectures (the pre-critical Herder lecture notes, which are quite elliptical). Other sets were copied from or supplemented with earlier lecture notes (Werner Stark has... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70600-kants-lectures-on-ethics-a-critical-guide/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70601-how-physics-makes-us-free/ 2016-10-16T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-16T20:00:00-0400 How Physics Makes Us Free J. T. Ismael <p>2016.10.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70601-how-physics-makes-us-free/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>J. T. Ismael, <em>How Physics Makes Us Free</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 273pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780190269449.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Carl Hoefer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona</strong></p> <p>Jenann Ismael's book is a strikingly original monograph that somehow manages to be perfectly relevant and highly engaging to both the intelligent lay reader and the professional philosopher. It shows how <em>well done</em> philosophy of science can be relevant for the public at large, even when treating questions that have, of late, suffered from the ravages of analytic metaphysics. The book may be more widely read inside the academy than outside, but those on the outside who read it in full will surely come away with a better opinion of philosophy than they had at the start. Ismael's prose is beautiful, evocative, and full of helpful metaphors and analogies; what is lacking (mostly) are dry pre-packaged philosophical terms, convoluted arguments and hackneyed examples. (For example,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70601-how-physics-makes-us-free/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70560-the-empire-of-habit-john-locke-discipline-and-the-origins-of-liberalism/ 2016-10-13T20:30:00-0400 2016-10-13T20:30:00-0400 The Empire of Habit: John Locke, Discipline, and the Origins of Liberalism John Baltes <p>2016.10.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70560-the-empire-of-habit-john-locke-discipline-and-the-origins-of-liberalism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>John Baltes, <em>The Empire of Habit: John Locke, Discipline, and the Origins of Liberalism</em>, University of Rochester Press, 2016, 157pp., $80.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781580465618.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Douglas Casson, St Olaf College</strong></p> <p>The title of this work is taken from Locke's discussion of association in the <em>Conduct of the Understanding</em>. Locke praises those with "a vigour of mind able to contest the empire of habit, and look into its own principles." By resisting the power of habitual associations, such individuals exhibit a freedom "which few men have the notion of in themselves, and fewer are allowed the practice of by others." (<em>CU </em>§41). Intellectual freedom, for Locke, involves contesting the empire of habit.</p> <p>Yet, as John Baltes observes, Locke not only celebrates resistance to habit's power, he also deploys that power for his own purposes. In his writings on epistemology, education, and governance, Locke appeals to techniques of habituation in order to shape subjects who are disciplined... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70560-the-empire-of-habit-john-locke-discipline-and-the-origins-of-liberalism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70511-on-the-genealogy-of-color-a-case-study-in-historicized-conceptual-analysis/ 2016-10-12T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-12T20:00:00-0400 On the Genealogy of Color: A Case Study in Historicized Conceptual Analysis Zed Adams <p>2016.10.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70511-on-the-genealogy-of-color-a-case-study-in-historicized-conceptual-analysis/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Zed Adams, <em>On the Genealogy of Color: A Case Study in Historicized Conceptual Analysis</em>, Routledge, 2016, 140pp., $116.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138928145.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Barry Maund, University of Western Australia</strong></p> <p>Zed Adams has written an intriguing book on an interesting topic. He employs an imaginative technique, which he calls "historicized conceptual analysis". He addresses a certain contemporary debate in the philosophy of color, on the question of color realism. More specifically, his target is a debate between Cartesian anti-realists and Oxford realists. The Cartesian anti-realists, e.g., John Mackie and myself, argue that objects do not have colors given our ordinary understanding of color. Oxford realists, e.g., Colin McGinn, John McDowell, and Gareth Evans, reject that thesis, arguing that our ordinary understanding of color fits a dispositionalist account of color.</p> <p>As Adams points out, the first premise in the argument for Cartesian anti-Realism is a conceptual claim about how we ordinarily conceive of colors. It holds... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70511-on-the-genealogy-of-color-a-case-study-in-historicized-conceptual-analysis/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70406-new-approaches-to-neo-kantianism/ 2016-10-11T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-11T20:00:00-0400 New Approaches to Neo-Kantianism Nicolas de Warren and Andrea Staiti (eds.) <p>2016.10.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70406-new-approaches-to-neo-kantianism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Nicolas de Warren and Andrea Staiti (eds.), <em>New Approaches to Neo-Kantianism</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2015, 322pp., $102.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107032576.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Guido Kreis, Aarhus University</strong></p> <p>Neo-Kantianism appears to be back on the philosophical agenda. Several fresh attempts have recently been made to reassess the main ideas of the philosophical movement which dominated German universities in the late 19<sup>th</sup> and early 20<sup>th</sup> centuries but was almost completely forgotten for several decades. The renewed interest in Neo-Kantianism is not entirely unexpected, however. Contemporary philosophy has never completely lost contact to Kant, and several classic and current strands in analytic philosophy heavily draw on Kantian themes (think of P. F. Strawson, Robert Brandom, and John McDowell, to mention only the most obvious examples). On closer inspection the contemporary reception and development of Kant shows strong similarities to the way the Neo-Kantians tried to reformulate Kant's transcendental approach. Both attempts to advocate a Kantian... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70406-new-approaches-to-neo-kantianism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70405-french-philosophy-today-new-figures-of-the-human-in-badiou-meillassoux-malabou-serres-and-latour/ 2016-10-10T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-10T20:00:00-0400 French Philosophy Today: New Figures of the Human in Badiou, Meillassoux, Malabou, Serres and Latour Christopher Watkin <p>2016.10.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70405-french-philosophy-today-new-figures-of-the-human-in-badiou-meillassoux-malabou-serres-and-latour/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Christopher Watkin, <em>French Philosophy Today: New Figures of the Human in Badiou, Meillassoux, Malabou, Serres and Latour</em>, Edinburgh University Press, 2016, 258pp., $93.90 (hbk), ISBN 9781474414739.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Burhanuddin Baki, Universiti Sains Malaysia</strong></p> <p>Christopher Watkin's book is devoted to understanding and exploring two particular questions, each forming its own knotted cluster of problems and dilemmas.</p> <p>The first question concerns the definition of the human. What is the human, and what are its essential properties? How might one go about constructing such a definition or formulating those essential properties? These are all central and ancient problems, dating back to early philosophical thinking. In his <em>Introduction</em>, Watkin catalogues the various invocations and reformulations of these issues in the history of thought. Certainly anyone who is interested in understanding the philosophical question of the human essence can do well by reading his book.</p> <p>The second question involves characterizing the present state of French philosophy. What are the current and central trajectories... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70405-french-philosophy-today-new-figures-of-the-human-in-badiou-meillassoux-malabou-serres-and-latour/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70404-sellars-and-his-legacy/ 2016-10-09T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-12T00:00:19-0400 Sellars and His Legacy James R. O'Shea (ed.) <p>2016.10.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70404-sellars-and-his-legacy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>James R. O'Shea (ed.), <em>Sellars and His Legacy</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 266pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198766872.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by William Rottschaefer, Lewis and Clark College</strong></p> <p>This collection of essays by eminent Sellars scholars all (save for one) derive from a Sellars Centenary Conference held at University College Dublin in 2012 and organized by James R. O'Shea. The conference reminds one of a family reunion honoring a parent. And, not untypically, these heirs of Sellars have different views about their progenitor and different takes about not only what his legacy is, but also about its successes and failures. The honoring is manifested more in dissent from rather than in agreement with the parent. The volume reflects another feature of some family reunions: siblings sometimes don't talk to each very much and sometimes don't get along.</p> <p>Notoriously, the descendants of Sellars are divided between the so-called Left-Wing and Right-Wing Sellarsians. Roughly, the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70404-sellars-and-his-legacy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70283-the-concept-of-violence/ 2016-10-06T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-06T20:00:00-0400 The Concept of Violence Mark Vorobej <p>2016.10.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70283-the-concept-of-violence/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Mark Vorobej, <em>The Concept of Violence</em>, Routledge, 2016, 206pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138187016.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Francesca Raimondi, Art Academy Düsseldorf</strong></p> <p>"We all live lives that are, to an extraordinary extent, mired in violence" (ix). Repeatedly appearing in Mark Vorobej's monograph, this sentence seems to articulate an incisive experience motivating the whole enquiry. The statement, however, is not just meant as a critical diagnostic about our contemporary world in which new wars, acts of terror, the effects of global poverty as well as fascisms, sexisms, and racisms confront us every day with violence. It is a general consideration about the irreducible character of violence in human societies and lives, that qualifies this phenomenon (also) as a matter of philosophical enquiry, i.e. as a concept for thinking. If for the more recent continental tradition of philosophical political thinking, continuously (at least since the two World Wars) engaged... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70283-the-concept-of-violence/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70271-achievement/ 2016-10-05T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-05T20:00:00-0400 Achievement Gwen Bradford <p>2016.10.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70271-achievement/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Gwen Bradford, <em>Achievement</em>, Oxford University Press, 2015, 203pp., $49.50 (hbk), ISBN 9780198714026.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Nomy Arpaly, Brown University</strong></p> <p>It is rather curious that philosophers haven't written more about achievement. People who write philosophy books tend to treat their books as achievements, think of themselves as high-achieving or low-achieving, and be struck by such achievement-related diseases as perfectionism and competitiveness. Yet, though we have written about things that are often achievements, this is the first philosophy book I am reading about achievement per se.</p> <p>It is even more curious because of the ubiquity of concern with achievement among people in general. America might be remarkable in its obsession with "success", but psychologists tell us that humans in general, not only ambitious ones, seem to need, if they are to be happy, to have missions in their lives that can be accomplished by them but... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70271-achievement/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70263-quantum-ontology-a-guide-to-the-metaphysics-of-quantum-mechanics/ 2016-10-04T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-04T20:00:00-0400 Quantum Ontology: A Guide to the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics Peter J. Lewis <p>2016.10.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70263-quantum-ontology-a-guide-to-the-metaphysics-of-quantum-mechanics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Peter J. Lewis, <em>Quantum Ontology: A Guide to the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 207pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780190469818.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Charles T. Sebens, University of California, San Diego</strong></p> <p>The revolution in physics that brought us to a quantum picture of the world was so radical that it does not merely force a rethinking of physics, but metaphysics as well. Quantum physics may imply that the world is fundamentally indeterministic, that it is fundamentally indeterminate, that causes are not always local to their effects, that there are many more than three spatial dimensions, that wholes are not simply sums of their parts, that our world is just one among many, etc. According to Peter J. Lewis, "we can say quite confidently that quantum mechanics is metaphysically revisionary even if it is not clear what form the revisions should take." (p. xvii) The reason it is so hard to say what the implications of quantum... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70263-quantum-ontology-a-guide-to-the-metaphysics-of-quantum-mechanics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70230-the-question-of-being-and-history/ 2016-10-03T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-03T20:00:00-0400 The Question of Being and History Jacques Derrida <p>2016.10.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70230-the-question-of-being-and-history/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Jacques Derrida, <em>Heidegger: The Question of Being and History</em>, Thomas Dutoit (ed.), Geoffrey Bennington (tr.), University of Chicago Press, 2016, 288pp., $40.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780226355115.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Rodolphe Gasché, SUNY at Buffalo</strong></p> <p>After the translation into English of three seminars given by Jacques Derrida at the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales -- <em>The Beast and the Sovereign</em>, Vol. I and II, and <em>The Death Penalty</em>, Vol. I, all published by the University of Chicago Press -- the publication of Derrida's first seminar at the Ecole Normale Supérieure from 1964 to 1965 constitutes an event in several ways. This is the case even though, unlike the later seminars, the earlier lectures do not have the literary qualities and stylistic elegance that makes them accessible to a somewhat larger audience. Furthermore, the earlier lectures presuppose a thorough familiarity not only with Heidegger's work -- at least with what at the time was available in French translations --... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70230-the-question-of-being-and-history/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70221-between-logic-and-the-world-an-integrated-theory-of-generics/ 2016-10-02T22:00:00-0400 2016-10-02T22:00:00-0400 Between Logic and the World: An Integrated Theory of Generics Bernhard Nickel <p>2016.10.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70221-between-logic-and-the-world-an-integrated-theory-of-generics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Bernhard Nickel, <em>Between Logic and the World: An Integrated Theory of Generics</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 277pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199640003.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Rachel Katharine Sterken, University of Oslo</strong></p> <p>Some theorists, faced with the seemingly impossible task of coming up with an adequate semantic theory of generic sentences, eschew semantic theory entirely and locate the interesting properties of generics in the metaphysics of what we might call, <em>genericity</em>. Such a metaphysical theory is allowed to be unsystematic in a way that the semantic theory cannot be, allowing such theorists to place the philosophically interesting phenomenon that seems to underlie generic meaning, outside of the semantic theory altogether. Noteworthy recent examples include Sarah-Jane Leslie who sees genericity as a fundamentally mental phenomenon (cf. Leslie, 2007, p. 386, on the "worldly truth-makers" of generics), and David Liebesman (2011) who sees genericity as fundamentally about how kinds can inherit properties from their members, which may be very... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70221-between-logic-and-the-world-an-integrated-theory-of-generics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70132-the-end-of-progress-decolonizing-the-normative-foundations-of-critical-theory/ 2016-10-02T20:00:00-0400 2016-10-02T20:00:00-0400 The End of Progress: Decolonizing the Normative Foundations of Critical Theory Amy Allen <p>2016.10.01 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70132-the-end-of-progress-decolonizing-the-normative-foundations-of-critical-theory/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Amy Allen, <em>The End of Progress: Decolonizing the Normative Foundations of Critical Theory</em>, Columbia University Press, 2016, 280pp., $35.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780231173247.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by John J. Davenport, Fordham University</strong></p> <p>Amy Allen identifies two main goals for her book. The first is to critique Habermas and two of his main successors -- Axel Honneth and Rainer Forst -- as "wedded to problematically Eurocentric and/or foundationalist strategies for grounding normativity," including implicitly "colonialist" notions of intellectual and social progress. The second is to "decolonize Frankfurt School critical theory" by offering alternative bases for normativity that take on board the concerns of "decolonial theory," critical race theory, and queer theory that have been sidelined by mainstream critical theorists (p. xii). Her argumentative strategy is to set up a trilemma (see pp. 13-15):</p> <p style="margin-left: 40px;">a. the "long-standing" problem of relativism, of which postcolonial theory is accused;<br> b. justifying rational autonomy or social freedom as outcomes of "a... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70132-the-end-of-progress-decolonizing-the-normative-foundations-of-critical-theory/" >Read More</a> </p>