tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2017-04-27T20:00:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/knowledge-and-the-gettier-problem/ 2017-04-27T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-27T20:00:00-0400 Knowledge and the Gettier Problem Stephen Hetherington <p>2017.04.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/knowledge-and-the-gettier-problem/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Stephen Hetherington, Knowledge and the Gettier Problem, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 241pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107149564.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Anthony Robert Booth, University of Sussex</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The publication of Edmund Gettier’s famous paper in 1963 seemed to fire a start-gun in epistemology for a race to come up with a (reductive) analysis of knowledge. The finishing line would be an improved analysis over the ‘traditional’ Justified-True-Belief (<span class="caps">JTB</span>) account—improved in the sense that a subject’s knowing would be immune to ‘being Gettiered’. Correlatively, a parallel line of research opened up with the purpose of formulating what it is for a belief to ‘be Gettiered’, to explain why it is that a Gettiered, justified, true belief is never knowledge, and why it has been so hard to find a satisfactory analysis of it — what William Lycan (2006) called the ‘Gettier-problem problem’. Several such analyses of knowledge (with concomitant answers to... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/knowledge-and-the-gettier-problem/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/technology-and-the-virtues-a-philosophical-guide-to-a-future-worth-wanting/ 2017-04-26T23:00:00-0400 2017-04-26T23:00:00-0400 Technology and the Virtues: A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting Shannon Vallor <p>2017.04.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/technology-and-the-virtues-a-philosophical-guide-to-a-future-worth-wanting/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer">Shannon Vallor, <em>Technology and the Virtues: A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 309pp., $39.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780190498511.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Benjamin I. Huff, Randolph-Macon College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Shannon Vallor makes a compelling argument for renewing the cultivation of the virtues in order to meet the challenges of our technological age. She argues on the one hand that rapid technological change creates a special need for moral virtues to guide us in choosing among our many possible futures, and in managing new and unexpected opportunities and hazards. On the other hand, she argues that changes in technology create new challenges to the cultivation of virtue itself which call for wise and creative responses.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Vallor takes a comprehensive approach, addressing both theory and applications. In Part I, she articulates the need for "a technomoral virtue ethic of global scope" (64) to guide both individual and collective decisions. In Part II, she surveys... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/technology-and-the-virtues-a-philosophical-guide-to-a-future-worth-wanting/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/motivation-ethics/ 2017-04-26T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-26T20:00:00-0400 Motivation Ethics Mathew Coakley <p>2017.04.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/motivation-ethics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Mathew Coakley, <em>Motivation Ethics</em>, Bloomsbury, 2017, 258pp., $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781350004597.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Erica Lucast Stonestreet, College of St. Benedict/St. John's University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Mathew Coakley presents a moral theory that combines the consequentialist premise that the moral good is the overall good with the Kantian and virtue theories' premise that the primary object of evaluation should be the agent. "Motivation ethics" is the view that "Agents are morally better the more motivated they are to promote the [overall] good" (59). He argues that only theories that base evaluations of actions or institutions on the evaluation of agents can avoid a range of problems including, most prominently, arbitrariness. The arguments are designed to avoid relying on intuitions, standing instead on theoretical constraints including evaluative coherence (between action judgments and agent judgments) and non-arbitrariness. For this reason, the book is logically clear and thorough, written in the detached, occasionally... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/motivation-ethics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-relationship-between-the-physical-and-the-moral-in-man/ 2017-04-25T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-25T20:00:00-0400 The Relationship Between the Physical and the Moral in Man Maine de Biran <p>2017.04.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-relationship-between-the-physical-and-the-moral-in-man/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Maine de Biran, <em>The Relationship Between the Physical and the Moral in Man</em>, Darian Meacham and Joseph Spadola (eds., trs.), Bloomsbury, 2016, 224pp. $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781350020306.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Antonio Calcagno, King's University College, Canada</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">French spiritualist thought, which includes the works of figures like François-Pierre-Gonthier Maine de Biran, Victor Cousin, and Félix Ravaisson-Mollien, and which inspired thinkers like Jules Lachelier, Henri Bergson, Jean Nabert, Vladimir Jankélévitch, and Michel Henry, formed in large part as a response to what philosophers saw as a reductionist materialist, empiricist view of reality developed by thinkers like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac and later Auguste Comte. Spiritualists defend the distinction between matter and spirit, arguing that spirit or intellect has a unique life of its own that is not reducible to the body or the laws of physics. Furthermore, spirit can influence the body and psyche. Biran (1766-1824) can be considered one of the founding fathers of the spiritualist school and his influence on... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-relationship-between-the-physical-and-the-moral-in-man/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/theory-of-the-border/ 2017-04-24T23:00:00-0400 2017-04-24T23:00:00-0400 Theory of the Border Thomas Nail <p>2017.04.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/theory-of-the-border/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Thomas Nail, <em>Theory of the Border</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 275pp., $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780190618650.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Avery Kolers, University of Louisville</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The first thing to understand about Thomas Nail’s profound book is that the first word of the title is neither modified by an adjective, nor introduced by an article. This is neither a normative nor an explanatory theory of the border, but a laying bare of the structure of border regimes, much as music theory lays bare the structure of musical works without explaining or evaluating.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The second thing to understand is that the last word of the title also takes no adjective. <em>State</em> borders are only one kind of border, and a recent kind at that. Fundamentally, borders are inflection points where flows change direction. Any social construct — fence, wall, passport, browsing history — that changes people’s movements is part of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/theory-of-the-border/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/interpretation-of-nietzsches-second-untimely-meditation/ 2017-04-24T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-24T20:00:00-0400 Interpretation of Nietzsche's Second Untimely Meditation Martin Heidegger <p>2017.04.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/interpretation-of-nietzsches-second-untimely-meditation/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Martin Heidegger, <em>Interpretation of Nietzsche's Second Untimely Meditation</em>, Ullrich Haase and Mark Sinclair (trs.), Indiana University Press, 2016, 312pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780253022660.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Tracy Colony, Bard College Berlin</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">In the winter semester of 1938-39, Heidegger offered a weekly seminar on Nietzsche's second <em>Untimely Meditation</em>, <em>On the Advantages and Disadvantages of History for Life </em>(1874). Although originally planned as a seminar, the large number of students made it necessary to alter this format into one more resembling a lecture course. The material for this volume consists of Heidegger's notes for this course, seminar reports by students and a more extensive summary made by Heidegger's son Hermann who was also in attendance. This text first appeared in German in 2003 as volume 46 of the <em>Gesamtausgabe</em> or "Complete Edition" of Heidegger's work. Although Heidegger did not choose to include any substantive material from this course in his seminal two-volume <em>Nietzsche</em>, the fact that he... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/interpretation-of-nietzsches-second-untimely-meditation/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/foucaultderrida-fifty-years-later-the-futures-of-genealogy-deconstruction-and-politics/ 2017-04-23T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-23T20:00:00-0400 Foucault/Derrida Fifty Years Later: The Futures of Genealogy, Deconstruction, and Politics Olivia Custer, Penelope Deutscher, and Samir Haddad (eds.) <p>2017.04.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/foucaultderrida-fifty-years-later-the-futures-of-genealogy-deconstruction-and-politics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Olivia Custer, Penelope Deutscher, and Samir Haddad (eds.), <em>Foucault/Derrida Fifty Years Later: The Futures of Genealogy, Deconstruction, and Politics</em>, Columbia University Press, 2016, 234pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780231171953.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christopher Penfield, Sweet Briar College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The 'debate' between Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida on the history of reason's exclusion of madness is famous for the polemical charge, rhetorical force, and intellectual acuity it displays. Less well-known are the debate's philosophical stakes, not only for the careers of Derrida and Foucault, but for the legacy of their competing methodologies for critical thought today. The aim of Olivia Custer, Penelope Deutscher, and Samir Haddad's edited volume is precisely to plumb and cultivate the critical philosophic wealth of a debate the dimensions of which have, until recently, gone all-too-untended.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">In their instructive introduction, the editors characterize the work as a "double project": (1) to "make accessible both the core texts and the central problems of the debate"; and (2) to "propose... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/foucaultderrida-fifty-years-later-the-futures-of-genealogy-deconstruction-and-politics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/tense-bees-and-shell-shocked-crabs-are-animals-conscious/ 2017-04-20T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-20T20:17:11-0400 Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious? Michael Tye <p>2017.04.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/tense-bees-and-shell-shocked-crabs-are-animals-conscious/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Michael Tye, <em>Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?</em>, Oxford University Press, 2017, 256pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780190278014.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Colin Klein, Macquarie University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Most of us are willing to accept that some nonhuman animals are conscious. Primates and dogs are an easy sell. Once upon a time, it was also easy to draw the line at mammals. The past few decades have revealed surprising complexity and intelligence among vertebrates like fish and birds, however, and even the higher invertebrates such as the octopus. More recently, cautious claims have appeared on behalf of simpler invertebrates like insects and crabs. Yet does the cleverness of the honeybee really give us reason to think that it has phenomenal consciousness?</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Michael Tye argues for the affirmative. Arguing from straightforward principles, he comes to the conclusion that consciousness is widespread. Along the way, he marshals an impressive array of empirical evidence,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/tense-bees-and-shell-shocked-crabs-are-animals-conscious/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-virtue-ethics-of-hume-and-nietzsche/ 2017-04-19T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-19T20:00:00-0400 The Virtue Ethics of Hume and Nietzsche Christine Swanton <p>2017.04.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-virtue-ethics-of-hume-and-nietzsche/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic"><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">Christine Swanton, <em>The Virtue Ethics of Hume and Nietzsche</em>, Wiley Blackwell, 2015, 277pp., $99.95 (hbk), ISBN 9781118939390.</span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Craig Beam, Wilfrid Laurier University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle"><span style="background:white">This book, part of the New Directions in Ethics series, argues that Hume and Nietzsche should be interpreted as virtue ethicists, that they have much in common, and that they provide useful supplements to classical aretaic theories.</span></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT"><span style="background:white">In the first two chapters, Christine Swanton argues that virtue ethics should be seen as a group of moral theories with different origins, rather than having a single progenitor in Aristotle (20). Hume and Nietzsche alike seek to rescue conceptions of the good life from an underpinning in religious morality and associated doctrines (6). Both are naturalists, and after discussing several senses of naturalism, Swanton defines them as "spare naturalists" (9). She argues that Hume should be read as a "response dependent" virtue ethicist... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-virtue-ethics-of-hume-and-nietzsche/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/objects-nothing-out-of-the-ordinary/ 2017-04-18T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-18T22:47:57-0400 Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary Daniel Z. Korman <p>2017.04.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/objects-nothing-out-of-the-ordinary/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Daniel Z. Korman, <em>Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 251pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198732532.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Simon J. Evnine, University of Miami</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Daniel Z. Korman defends conservatism about ordinary objects. He understands ordinary objects to include artifacts, biological organisms, and things like electrons, rocks, rivers, and planets. Conservatism contrasts with two other positions, eliminativism and permissivism. According to eliminativism, there are no ordinary objects; according to permissivism, there are ordinary objects and a whole lot of extraordinary ones too. Extraordinary objects are not things like undiscovered organisms or fundamental particles but rather monsters of philosophy -- arbitrary mereological sums and so on. (For the most part, Korman confines his attention to concrete particulars so the question of whether things like properties, propositions, and possible worlds should count as ordinary objects or philosophical monsters is unaddressed.) The book is a work of apologetics. By this I mean... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/objects-nothing-out-of-the-ordinary/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/de-anima/ 2017-04-17T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-19T22:09:36-0400 De Anima Aristotle, Christopher Shields (tr., intro., comm.) <p>2017.04.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/de-anima/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Aristotle, <em>De Anima</em>, Christopher Shields (tr., intro., comm.), Oxford University Press, 2016, 415pp., $32.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780199243457.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Hendrik Lorenz, Princeton University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">"The Clarendon Aristotle series," Christopher Shields writes, "takes as its mission a plain, forthright exposition of Aristotle's philosophy for the engaged Greekless reader rather than the professional philologist" (xlvi f.). In keeping with this mission, the present work offers a substantive introduction, a new translation, a commentary, and a glossary.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The work's introduction begins by briefly describing the topics that Aristotle tackles in his treatise on the soul. Aristotle conceives of the soul (<em>psukhē</em>) as principle of life, as what by its presence is responsible for the various kinds of vital activities that the different kinds of living things engage in. So, Aristotle's topics in the <em>De Anima </em>(<em>DA</em>) include the nature of life, nutrition and reproduction, human and non-human animal cognition, as... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/de-anima/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/land-and-the-given-economy-the-hermeneutics-and-phenomenology-of-dwelling/ 2017-04-13T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-13T20:00:00-0400 Land and the Given Economy: The Hermeneutics and Phenomenology of Dwelling Todd S. Mei <p>2017.04.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/land-and-the-given-economy-the-hermeneutics-and-phenomenology-of-dwelling/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Todd S. Mei, <em>Land and the Given Economy: The Hermeneutics and Phenomenology of Dwelling</em>, Northwestern University Press, 2017, 251pp., $34.95 (pbk), IBSN 9780810134065.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by by Casey Rentmeester, Bellin College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Todd S. Mei examines the problematic assumptions of modern economic conceptions of land through the lenses of hermeneutics and phenomenology. Displaying an equally impressive mastery of economics and philosophy, Mei argues that popular economic conceptions of land that think of it narrowly as a form of capital stemming from the work of thinkers like Locke and Marx fail to recognize how our individual and communal being is dependent upon the land. Employing economic concepts from David Ricardo and Henry George alongside philosophical concepts from Heidegger, Mei argues persuasively that land not only provides the ground and source upon which economic production is possible, but also the opportunities for humans to dwell and embark upon meaningful projects.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Mei points out that "we generally and... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/land-and-the-given-economy-the-hermeneutics-and-phenomenology-of-dwelling/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/levinas-and-the-night-of-being-a-guide-to-totality-and-infinity/ 2017-04-12T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-12T20:00:00-0400 Levinas and the Night of Being: A Guide to Totality and Infinity Raoul Moati <p>2017.04.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/levinas-and-the-night-of-being-a-guide-to-totality-and-infinity/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Raoul Moati, <em>Levinas and the Night of Being: A Guide to Totality and Infinity</em>, Daniel Wyche (tr.), Fordham University Press, 2017, 217pp., $100.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780823273195.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by James Mensch, Charles University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">As is well known, Levinas's relations with Husserl and Heidegger were nothing if not fraught. In <em>Totality and Infinity</em>, we find multiple criticisms of these authors, and Levinas is at pains to distinguish his approach from theirs. Yet his own procedures are unintelligible without the contexts and, in some cases, the methods of these philosophers. Thus, with regard to Husserl, Levinas employs the methods of phenomenological analysis to brilliant effect in describing the genesis of our selfhood. Particularly striking are his descriptions of our sensuous affective life and the sensuous interiority that forms the singularity of our selfhood. Similarly, his description of the caress stands unrivaled as an analysis of the constitution of the object of sexual desire. Here, as elsewhere, one can only... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/levinas-and-the-night-of-being-a-guide-to-totality-and-infinity/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-construction-of-human-kinds/ 2017-04-11T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-11T20:00:00-0400 The Construction of Human Kinds Ron Mallon <p>2017.04.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-construction-of-human-kinds/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Ron Mallon, <em>The Construction of Human Kinds</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 250pp., $50.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198755678.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Root, University of Minnesota</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Ron Mallon's aim is to "set the record straight" on the nature and reality of human kinds, the categories used to classify people, and explain how race, as well as a number of other prominent human categories, can be made-up or invented and yet real, causally significant and scientifically meaningful. His aim, Mallon tells us, is not to defend a social constructionist account of any particular human category but show how such an account is consistent with a realist as well as a scientific approach to categorization.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Mallon's book is divided into nine chapters. The first looks at race and how or in what respect race is real and of scientific importance. The second discusses a number of prominent claims that one or... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-construction-of-human-kinds/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/platos-protagoras-essays-on-the-confrontation-of-philosophy-and-sophistry/ 2017-04-10T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-10T20:00:00-0400 Plato's Protagoras: Essays on the Confrontation of Philosophy and Sophistry Olof Pettersson and Vigdis Songe-Møller (eds.) <p>2017.04.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/platos-protagoras-essays-on-the-confrontation-of-philosophy-and-sophistry/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Olof Pettersson and Vigdis Songe-Møller (eds.), <em>Plato's Protagoras: Essays on the Confrontation of Philosophy and Sophistry</em>, Springer, 2017, 235pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9783319455839.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Evan Rodriguez, Idaho State University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The topic of this book is a timely one. As Olof Pettersson points out in the introduction, the study of Plato's defense of philosophy as contrasted with sophistry is an area with growing momentum and with much left unexplored. Those with a broad interest in Plato or in the <em>Protagoras</em> are likely to find some perspectives and ideas in this volume worth considering, especially in the final contribution by Paul Woodruff. Yet there is relatively little new analysis of the confrontation between philosophy and sophistry.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Plato's <em>Protagoras</em> is indeed an important dialogue for understanding the topic. Its namesake is a famous Greek intellectual and a leading figure of the sophistic movement. The dialogue depicts a lengthy conversation that he has with Socrates, including... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/platos-protagoras-essays-on-the-confrontation-of-philosophy-and-sophistry/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-facts-in-logical-space-a-tractarian-ontology/ 2017-04-09T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-09T20:00:00-0400 The Facts in Logical Space: A Tractarian Ontology Jason Turner <p>2017.04.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-facts-in-logical-space-a-tractarian-ontology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Jason Turner, <em>The Facts in Logical Space: A Tractarian Ontology</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 362pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199682812.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Paul Hovda, Reed College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Facts are somehow prior to objects (and properties and relations). This idea, call it <em>factalism</em>, is one of the many intriguing but underdeveloped ideas in Wittgenstein's <em>Tractatus</em>. Jason Turner's book is a careful, detailed, and extensive development of this idea.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Turner's factalism is much more developed than Wittgenstein's, but is it any more appealing? Remarkably, Turner himself does not accept any version of factalism, as he confesses in his brief Conclusion. He reminds us that "there is more of interest than just the truth," (p. 332) and suggests that the project was worthwhile for a number of reasons, including that we learn something deep about the "nature of ontological structure" from the proposed reduction of objects (and relations) to facts and their "geometric"... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-facts-in-logical-space-a-tractarian-ontology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/tolerance-among-the-virtues/ 2017-04-06T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-06T20:00:00-0400 Tolerance among the Virtues John R. Bowlin <p>2017.04.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/tolerance-among-the-virtues/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">John R. Bowlin, <em>Tolerance among the Virtues</em>, Princeton University Press, 2016, 265pp., $39.50 (hbk), ISBN 9780691169972.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Iskra Fileva, University of Colorado, Boulder</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">There is a popular view of tolerance -- perhaps more frequently accepted implicitly than argued for -- on which tolerance is an idiosyncrasy of liberal societies. Most societies, this story goes, are intolerant: they attempt to regulate too much of our personal lives and end up meddling with what is best left to individual choice -- religion, clothing, hairstyles, and so on. Liberal societies, by contrast, leave such aspects of life as religion or dress up to the individual. The <em>locus classicus</em> for this view of tolerance is probably John Locke's <em>Letter Concerning Toleration</em>. In that piece, Locke endorses religious diversity, arguing that spiritual salvation is none of the state's business. Ever since Locke, we have been adding items to the list of things... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/tolerance-among-the-virtues/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/sparing-civilians-2/ 2017-04-05T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-05T20:00:00-0400 Sparing Civilians Seth Lazar <p>2017.04.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/sparing-civilians-2/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Seth Lazar, <em>Sparing Civilians</em>, Oxford University Press, 2015, 158pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198712985.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Peter Tramel, Fort Hays State University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The first sentence and straightforward thesis of this book are the same: "Killing civilians is worse than killing soldiers." To be clear, the context is killing enemy soldiers for the sake of winning a war. Nothing in the book suggests that the author would apply his thesis to ordinary murder cases. Presumably, if A kills B solely for the sake of robbing B or because A raped B and then kills B to silence her as a witness, then it should not matter who is a civilian or who is a soldier. It would not hurt for the author to be clearer about that.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">It might seem obvious that killing civilians for the sake of winning a war is worse than killing soldiers.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/sparing-civilians-2/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-epistemic-dimensions-of-ignorance/ 2017-04-04T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-18T22:48:55-0400 The Epistemic Dimensions of Ignorance Rik Peels and Martijn Blaauw (eds.) <p>2017.04.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-epistemic-dimensions-of-ignorance/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Rik Peels and Martijn Blaauw (eds.), The Epistemic Dimensions of Ignorance, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 217pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107175600.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Katja Maria Vogt, Columbia University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">For those readers who judge this book by its remarkable cover, feel free to skip to the end of the review. For those who try not to, let's pursue the epistemic benefits of attending to the book's content. Rik Peels and Martijn Blaauw, the editors, are to be commended for their choice of topic. In their Introduction, they describe ignorance as almost absent from epistemology and as worthy of more attention than it receives. They conceive of the volume as a "first step" toward a fuller epistemology of ignorance (11). The book is charming in coming across as almost a collaboration among friends. This is a plus, insofar as there is genuine engagement throughout with ideas that are sketched at its outset. It also... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-epistemic-dimensions-of-ignorance/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/perspectives-on-ignorance-from-moral-and-social-philosophy/ 2017-04-03T20:00:00-0400 2017-04-03T20:00:00-0400 Perspectives on Ignorance from Moral and Social Philosophy Rik Peels (ed.) <p>2017.04.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/perspectives-on-ignorance-from-moral-and-social-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Rik Peels (ed.), <em>Perspectives on Ignorance from Moral and Social Philosophy</em>, Routledge, 2017, 246pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN <span style="background:white">9781138945661</span>.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Chad Flanders, Saint Louis University School of Law</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The blurb for this book says that ignorance in moral and social philosophy is "undertheorized" in contemporary analytic philosophy. This has the air of a paradox -- can we really know more about what we don't know? -- but is no more paradoxical than saying we need to think more about the category of the "unthinkable," or that we need to be more skeptical about "skepticism." What the blurb invites, though, is a question about what it is about ignorance that needs to be more "theorized." Ignorance comes up in a variety of discrete contexts, e.g., in law and ethics and epistemology. Is there something about the <em>idea</em> of ignorance that is worth sustained treatment in its own right, separate and apart from when... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/perspectives-on-ignorance-from-moral-and-social-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p>