tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2017-08-15T23:15:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/embodiment-enaction-and-culture-investigating-the-constitution-of-the-shared-world/ 2017-08-15T23:15:00-0400 2017-08-15T23:15:00-0400 Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World Christoph Durt, Thomas Fuchs, and Christian Tewes (eds.) <p>2017.08.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/embodiment-enaction-and-culture-investigating-the-constitution-of-the-shared-world/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in; text-align:justify"><strong>Christoph Durt, Thomas Fuchs, and Christian Tewes (eds.), <em>Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World</em>, MIT Press, 2016, 456pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780262035552.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in; text-align:justify"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Bryce Huebner, Georgetown University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in; text-align:justify">This volume was written at the conclusion of a European research network project called <em>Toward an Embodied Science of InterSubjectivity. </em>Over the course of 20 chapters and an introduction, it develops resources for thinking about embodiment and culture. And since the authors have "collaborated for years" (10), their papers display a great deal of theoretical unity. But unity comes at a cost: nearby stones are left unturned, and competing views are often rejected too quickly. Nonetheless, the book provides a clear account of what enactivism amounts to, what it takes for granted, and how far it can be pushed -- and overall, that's a good thing.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The volume begins with Dermot... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/embodiment-enaction-and-culture-investigating-the-constitution-of-the-shared-world/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/nietzsches-earth-great-events-great-politics/ 2017-08-10T20:00:00-0400 2017-08-10T20:00:00-0400 Nietzsche's Earth: Great Events, Great Politics Gary Shapiro <p>2017.08.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/nietzsches-earth-great-events-great-politics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Gary Shapiro, <em>Nietzsche's Earth: Great Events, Great Politics</em>, University of Chicago Press, 2016, xvi + 238pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780226394459</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Gabriel Zamosc, University of Colorado Denver</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book offers a valuable and provocative contribution to the growing literature on Nietzsche's political philosophy. It invites us to understand Nietzsche's politics as consisting mainly in a kind of <em>political program</em> calling for a radical transformation of our earthly habitation. On Shapiro's reading, this program principally requires reconceiving our relation to temporality, and, in particular, to the future, by cultivating a kind of openness that can make us receptive to those rare opportunities for radical change Nietzsche called "great events". Nietzsche's politics of futurity, however, requires displacing the way of thinking prevalent in the petty politics of nation-states. In each chapter, Shapiro investigates different aspects of Nietzsche's critiques of this way of thinking, trying to articulate, at the same... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/nietzsches-earth-great-events-great-politics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/terrorism-ticking-time-bombs-and-torture-a-philosophical-analysis/ 2017-08-09T21:00:00-0400 2017-08-09T21:00:00-0400 Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis Fritz Allhoff <p>2017.08.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/terrorism-ticking-time-bombs-and-torture-a-philosophical-analysis/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Fritz Allhoff,<em> Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture: A Philosophical Analysis</em>, University of Chicago Press, 2012, $46.00, 266pp., ISBN 97800226014838.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christopher W. Morris, University of Maryland</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Fritz Allhoff's book presents a careful and thoughtful defense of the limited use of torture in certain situations. His defense is in part motivated by the challenges of contemporary, post-9/11 terrorism. It is narrowly focused on the ethics of torture, conceived of apart from policy and law. And he addresses common criticisms of torture. In all, it is a forceful defense of torture, one that should be taken seriously by all interested in the debates about the topic.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The book asks, "What are we able to do to protect ourselves . . . How far can we go to disarm terrorist threats?" Allhoff thinks that "lesser harms are always preferable to greater... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/terrorism-ticking-time-bombs-and-torture-a-philosophical-analysis/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/how-to-do-science-with-models-a-philosophical-primer/ 2017-08-08T20:00:00-0400 2017-08-09T10:13:31-0400 How to Do Science with Models: A Philosophical Primer Axel Gelfert <p>2017.08.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/how-to-do-science-with-models-a-philosophical-primer/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Axel Gelfert, <em>How to Do Science with Models: A Philosophical Primer</em>, Springer, 2016, $54.99, 135pp., ISBN 9783319279527.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Arnon Levy, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Models and modeling have occupied an outsized role in recent philosophy of science. The reasons are not hard to see. On the one hand, models are widespread across a range of scientific disciplines, from elementary physics through different parts of biology to the social sciences. On the other hand, they stand at the intersection of a number of key philosophical topics. Some are classic philosophy of science topics, such as the nature of explanation and the viability of realism (Bokulich, 2011; Levy forthcoming). Given the ubiquity of models and given that they are often idealized, abstract and/or independent of "big" theories, questions concerning how a model can explain and what we may learn from models about reality take on a new... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/how-to-do-science-with-models-a-philosophical-primer/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/thinking-about-free-will/ 2017-08-07T20:00:00-0400 2017-08-07T20:00:00-0400 Thinking about Free Will Peter van Inwagen <p>2017.08.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/thinking-about-free-will/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Peter van Inwagen, <em>Thinking about Free Will</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 232pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781316617656.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Peter A. Graham, University of Massachusetts Amherst</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">No one writes more sensibly about the traditional philosophical problem of free will than does Peter van Inwagen. This book, a collection of his essays on free will, ought to join his <em>An Essay on Free Will</em>, the best modern treatment of the topic, on the shelf of anyone seriously considering the cluster of issues which constitute the traditional philosophical problem of free will. It is an excellent volume.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">In what follows I’ll first very briefly canvas some of the main issues touched upon in the essays and then discuss one of them -- the most important, in my view -- in a bit more depth.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/thinking-about-free-will/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/justice-as-a-virtue-a-thomistic-perspective/ 2017-08-06T20:15:00-0400 2017-08-06T20:15:00-0400 Justice as a Virtue: A Thomistic Perspective Jean Porter <p>2017.08.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/justice-as-a-virtue-a-thomistic-perspective/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Jean Porter, <em>Justice as a Virtue: A Thomistic Perspective</em>, Eerdmans, 2016, 300pp., $40 (pbk), ISBN 9780802873255.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stephen Chanderbhan, Canisius College</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Is justice primarily a virtue that <em>institutions</em> can have; or is it primarily a virtue that <em>persons</em> can have? Many thinkers take the former to be true. For example, on most social contract accounts (e.g., Rawls’s), justice is characterized first in terms of principles that help to structure a <em>community</em>. <em>People</em> are seen as just or unjust based on their actions relative to those principles. Thinkers in the Thomistic tradition, on the other hand, take justice to be primarily something that <em>persons</em> can have -- a virtue. Accordingly, a couple questions may be asked of Thomistic thinkers: first, what does it even mean for justice to be a <em>virtue</em>; and, second, how would a Thomistic view of justice resemble other traditions’... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/justice-as-a-virtue-a-thomistic-perspective/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/full-history-on-the-meaningfulness-of-shared-action/ 2017-08-03T20:45:00-0400 2017-08-03T20:45:00-0400 Full History: On the Meaningfulness of Shared Action Steven G. Smith <p>2017.08.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/full-history-on-the-meaningfulness-of-shared-action/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Steven G. Smith, <em>Full History: On the Meaningfulness of Shared Action</em>, Bloomsbury, 2017, 245pp., $91.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781474260336.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Weberman, Central European University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">In the mid-20<sup>th</sup> century, a distinction was made between two types of philosophy of history: i) analytical philosophy of history whose object of study is our knowledge of history and ii) substantive philosophy of history whose object is history itself in its most universal and fundamental features. The first type belongs to epistemology; the second, to metaphysics. Many philosophers at the time reasoned that such universal features, if there are any, can only be empirically ascertained and, consequently, that while the analytic project is legitimate, the substantive philosophical project is bogus. Nowadays such a strict division between the two seems questionable. This book is not clearly on either side of this demarcation line. It is does not focus, as much analytical... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/full-history-on-the-meaningfulness-of-shared-action/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/mental-language-from-plato-to-william-of-ockham/ 2017-08-02T21:30:00-0400 2017-08-02T21:30:00-0400 Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham Claude Panaccio <p>2017.08.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/mental-language-from-plato-to-william-of-ockham/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Claude Panaccio, <em>Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham</em>, Joshua P. Hochschild and Meredith K. Ziebart (trs.), Fordham University Press, 2017, 283pp., $75.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780823272600.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Eric W. Hagedorn, St. Norbert College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">In recent years, scholars of later medieval philosophy have come to believe that some medieval philosophers held theories of mental representation that seem markedly similar to the contemporary Language of Thought Hypothesis. Scholastic thinkers of the 14th century, such as William of Ockham (d. 1347) and John Buridan (d. 1360), argued that thinking occurs by actualizing various mental representations and that these representations could be most accurately described using linguistic/grammatical categories. On their accounts, mental representations have both <em>signification</em> and <em>supposition</em> (very roughly, in contemporary terms, they have both meaning and reference); some representations bear grammatical properties such as number, case, tense, and mood; simple representations are capable of being combined in well-defined ways into more complex representations; and the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/mental-language-from-plato-to-william-of-ockham/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/philosophical-and-scientific-perspectives-on-downward-causation/ 2017-08-01T20:00:00-0400 2017-08-02T20:45:45-0400 Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation Michele Paolini Paoletti and Francesco Orilia (eds.) <p>2017.08.01 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophical-and-scientific-perspectives-on-downward-causation/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Michele Paolini Paoletti and Francesco Orilia (eds.), <em>Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation</em>, Routledge, 2017, 333pp., $140 (hbk), ISBN<span style="background:white"> 9781138195059.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stuart Glennan, Butler University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Much has been written in the past twenty-five years on the topic of downward causation -- enough that one might wonder if we need another volume devoted to the topic. But Paolini Paoletti's and Orilia's anthology, comprising eighteen chapters from European and American metaphysicians, philosophers of mind, philosophers of science, and scientists, offers a good sense of where things stand together with some interesting suggestions on how to move forward.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">The book is divided into three parts -- "Downward Causation and the Metaphysics of Causation," "Downward Causation and the Sciences," and "Downward Causation, Mind and Agency." The divisions are somewhat arbitrary; for instance, issues of mind and agency show up in the first section, and... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophical-and-scientific-perspectives-on-downward-causation/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-testimony-of-the-spirit-new-essays/ 2017-07-31T18:00:00-0400 2017-07-31T18:00:00-0400 The Testimony of the Spirit: New Essays R. Douglas Geivett and Paul Moser, (eds.) <p>2017.07.23 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-testimony-of-the-spirit-new-essays/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong style="font-weight:bold">R. Douglas Geivett and Paul Moser, (eds.), <em>The Testimony of the Spirit: New Essays</em>, Oxford University Press, 282pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780190225407.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Adam Green, Azusa Pacific University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The Holy Spirit (HS), the third member of the Christian trinity, is like the wind, and "you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going" (John 3:8 NIV). Sometimes Christian academics feel obligated to try, though. This volume is composed of an introduction and eleven essays which cover a wide variety of topics from moral epistemology to gendered language for God to apologetics to art.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">Setting aside the chapter summaries at its end, the introduction by editors Doug Geivett and Paul Moser functions as a stand-alone essay. What is most striking about the text is its resonance with Moser's work on divine hiddenness and religious epistemology. As with Moser's prior work, Geivett... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-testimony-of-the-spirit-new-essays/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-ethics-of-an-outlaw/ 2017-07-30T18:00:00-0400 2017-07-30T18:00:00-0400 The Ethics of an Outlaw Ivan Segré <p>2017.07.22 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-ethics-of-an-outlaw/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Ivan Segré, <em>Spinoza: The Ethics of an Outlaw</em>, David Broder (tr.), Bloomsbury, 2017, 186pp., $114.00(hbk), ISBN 9781472596437.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Guadalupe González Diéguez, Indiana University Bloomington</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Ivan Segré offers an excellent and original engagement with Spinoza's thought that is particularly timely in several respects. The book's English title loses the reference to Spinoza's coat, in contrast to the book's original title, <em>Le manteau de Spinoza</em>. This loss is regrettable in an otherwise excellent translation into English by David Broder. The book opens by tracing the hatred that Spinoza has long evoked, focusing particularly on a set of modern and contemporary Jewish thinkers dubbed by Segré "the bourgeois theorists of the name 'Jew.'" According to some of Spinoza's early biographers, such as Colerus and Bayle, an attempt was made on the life of young Spinoza before his excommunication (<em>herem</em>). He managed to escape, but the knife of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-ethics-of-an-outlaw/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/petitionary-prayer-a-philosophical-investigation/ 2017-07-27T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-27T20:00:00-0400 Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation Scott Davison <p>2017.07.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/petitionary-prayer-a-philosophical-investigation/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Scott Davison, <em>Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation,</em> Oxford University Press, 2017, $75.00, 189 pp., ISBN 978019975774.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stephen J. Wykstra, Calvin College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book is, as its subtitle advertises, "a philosophical investigation." Petitionary prayer is what the Apostle Paul enjoins Christians to do in Philippians 4:6: "in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God." On a natural reading, this verse seems to suppose that such supplications can, sometimes at least, make a <em>pivotal difference to God</em> -- i.e., a difference such that, for at least some significant span of cases, were one to forgo the asking, God would forgo the providing. Or as we might (and Scott Davison does) for short paraphrase it: for divine provision of certain goods, for some significant span of cases, "God <em>requires </em>prayer." Davison's central question is whether, if... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/petitionary-prayer-a-philosophical-investigation/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/kants-theory-of-normativity/ 2017-07-26T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-26T20:00:00-0400 Kant's Theory of Normativity, Konstantin Pollok <p>2017.07.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kants-theory-of-normativity/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Konstantin Pollok, <em>Kant's Theory of Normativity</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 350pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107127807.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Yoon H. Choi, Marquette University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Konstantin Pollok begins<em> </em>by drawing attention to the radical nature of Kant's Copernican turn. We miss its full significance, he argues, if we cast it as a demure retreat from ontology to epistemology (14, 25). Kant effects something far bolder: the final displacement of divine perfection from its traditional role as "ultimate and unique source of normativity" (23). But what comes next? Does it remain true that there are ways we ought to think and act, perhaps even feel? Where could such standards come from, and what could give them their authority? Kant's answer to these questions is familiar enough: reason and reason alone is to be our guide. But it remains far from clear what this answer means, and... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kants-theory-of-normativity/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/wittgenstein-on-sensation-and-perception/ 2017-07-25T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-25T20:00:00-0400 Wittgenstein on Sensation and Perception Michael Hymers <p>2017.07.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/wittgenstein-on-sensation-and-perception/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">Michael Hymers, <em>Wittgenstein on Sensation and Perception</em>, Routledge, 2017, 202pp., $112.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781844658565.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Sonia Sedivy, University of Toronto Scarborough</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><span style="background:white">Just what does Wittgenstein's later work suggest about sensation and perception? Given the renewed interest in perception and sensation over the past three decades, these are important questions to pursue. In this book, Michael Hymers highlights the diverse ways in which the mistaken picture of a private phenomenal space figures in arguments for sense-data and qualia.<strong> </strong>Hymers brings together a wide range of passages from Wittgenstein's later writings to show how they criticize this picture. This is a fascinating and hard-hitting selection. Yet it is connected to a limiting construal of Wittgenstein's method that informs Hymers' interpretive approach. Hymers emphasizes that Wittgenstein's approach is grammatical in teaching us to identify misleading analogies or metaphors. Moreover, the analogy between physical... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/wittgenstein-on-sensation-and-perception/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-ethics-of-the-family-in-seneca/ 2017-07-24T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-24T20:00:00-0400 The Ethics of the Family in Seneca Liz Gloyn <p>2017.07.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-ethics-of-the-family-in-seneca/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Liz Gloyn, <em>The Ethics of the Family in Seneca</em>, Cambridge, 2017, 249 pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107145474.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Gretchen Reydams-Schils, University of Notre Dame</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">In this groundbreaking study of the ethics of the family in Seneca's philosophical writings, the author's methodological presuppositions open the way for significant fresh insights. First, studying the ethics of the family as a philosophical topic does not amount to endorsing an agenda of 'family values.' We can take the theme of the normativity of family life as seriously as Seneca did (and other Stoics of the Roman imperial era). Second, we thereby also avoid the commonplace but mistaken assumption that in their treatments of such a theme the later Stoics merely made concessions to Roman social practices, in a process of accommodation. The philosophical starting point of Gloyn's study is the place of the family in the Stoic theory... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-ethics-of-the-family-in-seneca/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/republic-of-equals-predistribution-and-property-owning-democracy/ 2017-07-23T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-23T20:00:00-0400 Republic of Equals: Predistribution and Property Owning Democracy Alan Thomas <p>2017.07.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/republic-of-equals-predistribution-and-property-owning-democracy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Alan Thomas, <em>Republic of Equals: Predistribution and Property Owning Democracy</em>, Oxford University Press, 2017, 445pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190602116.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by James Lindley Wilson, University of Chicago</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">In <em>A Theory of Justice</em>, John Rawls claimed that his two principles of justice did not settle who should own the means of production. A society could satisfy the principles through either a capitalist system permitting private ownership of the means of production, or a socialist system in which those means were owned by the state or by workers' cooperatives, as long as the society secured equal basic liberties, fair equality of opportunity, and the satisfaction of the difference principle.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title=""><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super"><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super">[1]</span></span></a> In the revised edition of <em>Theory</em>, Rawls made clearer that his defense of the possibility of a just capitalist order was not a defense of "a welfare state": instead, just capitalism required a... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/republic-of-equals-predistribution-and-property-owning-democracy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/philosophy-technology-and-the-environment/ 2017-07-20T23:00:00-0400 2017-07-20T23:00:00-0400 Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment David M. Kaplan, ed <p>2017.07.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophy-technology-and-the-environment/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">David M. Kaplan, ed., <em>Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment</em>, MIT Press, 2017, ix + 255 pp., $30.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780262533164</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Steven Vogel, Denison University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The important and indeed admirable idea motivating this anthology is that environmental philosophy and the philosophy of technology, two fields that in recent decades have made significant strides, have much in common and ought to be more in conversation with each other than has generally been the case. Yet this collection is a bit of a disappointment, impressive more in its ambition than its carry-through, and leaves one wishing for a deeper investigation of the relationship between the two fields, beginning with more of a serious attempt to define what they actually are and what the connection is between the objects with which they claim to concern themselves.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">The trouble starts early, in the first... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophy-technology-and-the-environment/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-meaning-of-the-wave-function-in-search-of-the-ontology-of-quantum-mechanics/ 2017-07-20T18:00:00-0400 2017-07-20T18:00:00-0400 The Meaning of the Wave Function: In Search of the Ontology of Quantum Mechanics Shan Gao <p>2017.07.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-meaning-of-the-wave-function-in-search-of-the-ontology-of-quantum-mechanics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Shan Gao, The Meaning of the Wave Function: In Search of the Ontology of Quantum Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 189pp., $140, ISBN: 9781107124356.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Mario Hubert, University of Lausanne</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">What is the meaning of the wave-function? After almost 100 years since the inception of quantum mechanics, is it still possible to say something new on what the wave-function is supposed to be? Yes, it is. And Shan Gao managed to do so with his newest book. Here we learn what contemporary physicists and philosophers think about the wave-function; we learn about the de Broglie-Bohm theory, the GRW collapse theory, the gravity-induced collapse theory by Roger Penrose, and the famous PBR theorem; we learn about Schrödinger's original idea that the wave-function represents charge densities; we learn about the notorious measurement problem and its consequences; we learn about the challenges to find a consistent relativistic quantum theory; and we learn, of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-meaning-of-the-wave-function-in-search-of-the-ontology-of-quantum-mechanics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/heideggers-shadow-kant-husserl-and-the-transcendental-turn/ 2017-07-19T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-19T20:00:00-0400 Heidegger's Shadow: Kant, Husserl and the Transcendental Turn Chad Engelland <p>2017.07.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heideggers-shadow-kant-husserl-and-the-transcendental-turn/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong>Chad Engelland, <em>Heidegger's Shadow: Kant, Husserl and the Transcendental Turn</em>, Routledge, 2017, xiv + 275pp., $140 (hbk), ISBN 9781138181878.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Sacha Golob, King's College London</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">One way to understand the trajectory of Heidegger's thought is as a series of engagements with the possibilities and the risks inherent in transcendental philosophy. This approach is the basis of Engelland's book; as he elegantly puts it, the transcendental functions throughout Heidegger's career as the 'shadow' which he cannot jump over, the hermeneutic situation out of which he writes (p.206). Heidegger's attitude to the transcendental evidently undergoes complex shifts, shifts mediated in part by his successive dialogues with Husserl, Kant, and others, but Engelland's central argument is that this attitude is never purely negative: as he sees it, even the later Heidegger offers what is effectively a 'transcendental critique of transcendence' (p.172). In this, the text challenges the oft... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heideggers-shadow-kant-husserl-and-the-transcendental-turn/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/human-existence-and-transcendence/ 2017-07-18T20:00:00-0400 2017-07-18T20:00:00-0400 Human Existence and Transcendence Jean Wahl <p>2017.07.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/human-existence-and-transcendence/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Jean Wahl, <em>Human Existence and Transcendence</em>, William Hackett (tr. and ed.), University of Notre Dame Press, 2016, 151pp., $40.00 (hbk.), ISBN 9780268101060.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Edward Baring, Drew University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">In twentieth-century French intellectual history, Jean Wahl is a ubiquitous if elusive figure. He was the author of the essay and then book, "Vers le concret [towards the concrete]," whose title became a rallying cry for critics of French idealism in the 1930s. Wahl then gained fame for guiding the reception of many of the main non-French sources for existentialism: he wrote the highly respected <em>Études Kierkegaardiennes</em> in 1938, which was an important reference point for scholars both in France and elsewhere, and his readings of Hegel, Heidegger, Nietzsche, and Jaspers set the standard against which a generation of thinkers developed their own interpretations. Later, his books <em>A</em> <em>Short History of Existentialism </em>(1949) and <em>Philosophies of Existence</em> (1959)<em> </em>served as... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/human-existence-and-transcendence/" >Read More</a> </p>