tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2017-05-22T20:00:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/responding-to-global-poverty-harm-responsibility-and-agency/ 2017-05-22T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-22T20:00:00-0400 Responding to Global Poverty: Harm, Responsibility, and Agency Christian Barry and Gerhard Øverland <p>2017.05.22 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/responding-to-global-poverty-harm-responsibility-and-agency/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Christian Barry and Gerhard Øverland, <em>Responding to Global Poverty: Harm, Responsibility, and Agency</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 263pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107031470.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by George Pavlakos, University of Glasgow</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Facts of (global) poverty ground responsibility whereby people owe to one another obligations of justice. Recent controversies about the nature of our relation with those who live beyond the borders of our countries have disabled this compelling and, in many ways, robust explanation, leaving many a philosopher struggling to establish a much lower baseline for the explanation of responsibility for global poverty. If there are no (normative) facts of justice, which can explain how facts of poverty ground responsibility, some other route needs to be taken.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">A standard move is to divest the interaction between the poor and the affluent of any substantive normative meaning and try to work out grounds for the responsibility owed by the latter to the former. In this... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/responding-to-global-poverty-harm-responsibility-and-agency/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-bloomsbury-research-handbook-of-chinese-philosophy-methodologies/ 2017-05-21T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-21T20:00:00-0400 The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies Sor-hoon Tan (ed.) <p>2017.05.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-bloomsbury-research-handbook-of-chinese-philosophy-methodologies/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Sor-hoon Tan (ed.), <em>The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies</em>, Bloomsbury, 2016, 375pp., $176.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781472580313.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Eric L. Hutton, University of Utah</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This 18-chapter anthology is potentially of interest to at least three distinct audiences: philosophers and other scholars whose primary focus is <em>not</em> Chinese philosophy, undergraduate and graduate students who aspire to become specialists in Chinese philosophy, and scholars who are already established specialists in Chinese philosophy. My review will be organized around what the volume offers and how well it serves each of these potential audiences.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">In my experience, some philosophers and other scholars who have no familiarity with the Chinese tradition are hesitant to study or even discuss it, because they worry that the subject requires some methodology so different from their own that anything they might say would be horribly misguided, and the "entry costs" for acquiring the appropriate methodology are... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-bloomsbury-research-handbook-of-chinese-philosophy-methodologies/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/religion-within-reason/ 2017-05-18T18:00:00-0400 2017-05-18T18:00:00-0400 Religion Within Reason Steven M. Cahn <p>2017.05.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/religion-within-reason/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Steven M. Cahn, <em>Religion Within Reason</em>, Columbia University Press, 2017, 105pp., $25.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780231181617.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by William J. Wainwright, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Steven Cahn's professed goal is "to provide an acceptable . . . and provocative overview of the sort of challenges philosophy presents to any version of supernatural belief, while also exploring the possibility of religion within a naturalistic framework." He approaches his subject as an atheist who nonetheless finds much to "admire in a religious life as long as its beliefs and practices do not violate the methods and results of scientific inquiry" (p. ix). Chapters 1-15 and 17 are principally devoted to debunking theism. The remainder (Chapters 16, 18, and 19) articulate Cahn's atheistic but religious alternative.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">To whom is Cahn's book addressed? <em>Not</em> to philosophically sophisticated theists since they are already familiar with the sorts of anti-theistic arguments that Cahn advances... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/religion-within-reason/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/against-democracy/ 2017-05-17T23:00:00-0400 2017-05-17T23:00:00-0400 Against Democracy Jason Brennan <p>2017.05.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/against-democracy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Jason Brennan, <em>Against Democracy</em>, Princeton University Press, 2016, 288pp., $18.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780691178493.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Thomas Christiano, University of Arizona</strong></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Jason Brennan's book is a lively and entertaining exploration of an important pair of questions: (1) how can democracies work when the citizens who are supposed to rule are not very well informed about the substance and form of government and policy? and, (2) can we do better with non-democratic government? The basic difficulty with Brennan's discussion is that he is inclined to proceed from a poorly understood micro-theory of democracy to conclusions about how well democracy works. He doesn't always hold to this -- indeed there are times when he suggests that democracies overall work pretty well and then wonders how this is possible -- but the main thrust of the book starts from the micro-theory, which is simply not strong enough to... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/against-democracy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/self-reflection-for-the-opaque-mind-an-essay-in-neo-sellarsian-philosophy/ 2017-05-17T18:00:00-0400 2017-05-17T18:00:00-0400 Self-Reflection for the Opaque Mind: An Essay in Neo-Sellarsian Philosophy T. Parent <p>2017.05.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/self-reflection-for-the-opaque-mind-an-essay-in-neo-sellarsian-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">T. Parent, <em>Self-Reflection for the Opaque Mind: An Essay in Neo-Sellarsian Philosophy</em>, Routledge, 2017, 296pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138668826.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Ryan Cox, University of Hamburg</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The aim of this book is to defend a solution to what T. Parent calls "the Problem of Wayward Reflection" (p. 36). The problem is that critical self-reflection -- the activity of reflecting on, and evaluating our own attitudes from the armchair -- is rational only if we can reliably know our own attitudes from the armchair, and yet, it seems that we cannot reliably know our own attitudes from the armchair.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">On the face of it, critical self-reflection is 'an important part of our intellectual and moral lives' (p. 35). Part of the value of critical self-reflection is that it can 'expose skewed priorities, inconsistencies, non-sequiturs in reasoning, and so forth' (p. 35). However, evidence from empirical psychology seems to suggest that... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/self-reflection-for-the-opaque-mind-an-essay-in-neo-sellarsian-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/refugees-and-the-ethics-of-forced-displacement/ 2017-05-16T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-16T20:00:00-0400 Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement Serena Parekh <p>2017.05.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/refugees-and-the-ethics-of-forced-displacement/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Serena Parekh, <em>Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement, </em>Routledge, 2017, 296pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780415712613.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Blake, University of Washington</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Serena Parekh's book begins with some startling facts. 65.3 million people in our world live outside the state system, displaced from their countries of origin yet not legally resettled into a country of refuge. Of this group, only one percent will eventually be resettled into a new country of refuge. The rest will continue to live in a parallel world of temporary solutions; they disappear into large urban centers, or are warehoused in refugee camps. The average duration of stay in these camps, finally, is approximately seventeen years (3). Parekh's cogent volume argues that political philosophers have not adequately come to grips with these facts. Doing so would require us to develop a new form of ethical analysis focused particularly upon these solutions --... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/refugees-and-the-ethics-of-forced-displacement/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/global-political-theory/ 2017-05-15T22:30:00-0400 2017-05-15T22:30:00-0400 Global Political Theory David Held and Pietro Maffettone (eds.) <p>2017.05.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/global-political-theory/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">David Held and Pietro Maffettone (eds.), <em>Global Political Theory</em>, Polity, 2016, 332pp., $28.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780745687155l.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Emma Saunders-Hastings, University of Chicago</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">David Held and Pietro Maffettone collect essays exploring the global dimensions -- and arguing for the necessarily global character -- of contemporary political theorizing. The contributors are leading scholars in global political theory, and the book provides an unusually broad view of the field, In addition to the familiar topics of human rights and global distributive justice, it includes contributions on the legitimacy of international law and transnational political institutions; on just war theory; and on a cluster of issues including territoriality, the global economy, and humans' relations to the natural environment and to future generations.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">This integrated approach is welcome, and the book as a whole is a valuable resource for readers seeking to acquaint themselves with the state of the art... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/global-political-theory/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/meaning-and-mortality-in-kierkegaard-and-heidegger-origins-of-the-existential-philosophy-of-death/ 2017-05-15T18:00:00-0400 2017-05-15T18:00:00-0400 Meaning and Mortality in Kierkegaard and Heidegger: Origins of the Existential Philosophy of Death Adam Buben <p>2017.05.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/meaning-and-mortality-in-kierkegaard-and-heidegger-origins-of-the-existential-philosophy-of-death/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Adam Buben, <em>Meaning and Mortality in Kierkegaard and Heidegger: Origins of the Existential Philosophy of Death</em>, Northwestern University Press, 2016, 189pp., $34.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780810132504.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Arun Iyer, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Adam Buben's compact book is ideally meant for the philosophically minded student of Christian theology. It is an attempt to systematize, from a strictly Christian perspective that is informed by the work of Kierkegaard, the myriad reflections in the history of Western thought on the meaning of human existence in the face of death and mortality. Kierkegaard is without doubt the central figure of this book, as the bibliography clearly indicates. However, much more significantly, the author gives himself the mission of roping in Heidegger as an ally for Kierkegaard's idiosyncratic Christian musings on death and the meaning of human existence. He uncovers in their writings the origins of an existential philosophy of death, which by combining the strengths of their Greek and Christian... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/meaning-and-mortality-in-kierkegaard-and-heidegger-origins-of-the-existential-philosophy-of-death/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/reasons-why/ 2017-05-14T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-14T20:00:00-0400 Reasons Why Bradford Skow <p>2017.05.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/reasons-why/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Bradford Skow, <em>Reasons Why</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 195pp., $70.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198785842.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christopher Pincock, Ohio State University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Bradford Skow's elegant and tightly argued book goes very much against the prevailing tide of recent discussions of scientific explanation. While many emphasize the pluralism and contextualism of explanatory practice, Skow offers a remarkably simple account of explanation for events: the reasons why an event occurs are always either causes or grounds of that event. Skow's defense of this account is ingenious and worth taking seriously. If he is right, then his scientific explanations can be fruitfully integrated into the explanations developed in the metaphysics of science. In this short review I can only sketch some of the core ideas of Skow's approach and raise a few preliminary questions.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">It is important to emphasize that Skow does not frame his account as a... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/reasons-why/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/from-valuing-to-value-a-defense-of-subjectivism/ 2017-05-11T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-11T20:00:00-0400 From Valuing to Value: A Defense of Subjectivism David Sobel <p>2017.05.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/from-valuing-to-value-a-defense-of-subjectivism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">David Sobel, <em>From Valuing to Value: A Defense of Subjectivism</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 312pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198712640.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Ben Bramble, Trinity College Dublin</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">David Sobel's book collects fifteen essays (fourteen reprinted, one new) on subjectivism about value, the view that "things have value because we value them" (1). Sobel has three main goals: to "make [subjectivism] clearer, underline its main strengths and weaknesses, and try to persuade you that the view is genuinely attractive and plausible even after sustained scrutiny" (3). The book is intended as merely the first step on an exciting journey from valuing to value (accordingly, it is depicted on the book's front cover as a small step-ladder leading up into a dazzling but treacherous mountain).</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Subjectivism about a particular normative domain holds that normativity in that domain flows from, or has its source in, an individual's "not truth-assessable favoring attitudes" (3). What... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/from-valuing-to-value-a-defense-of-subjectivism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/justice-back-and-forth-duties-to-the-past-and-future/ 2017-05-10T22:30:00-0400 2017-05-10T22:30:00-0400 Justice Back and Forth: Duties to the Past and Future Richard Vernon <p>2017.05.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/justice-back-and-forth-duties-to-the-past-and-future/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Richard Vernon, <em>Justice Back and Forth: Duties to the Past and Future</em>, University of Toronto Press, 2016, 274pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781487500245.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by W. James Booth, Vanderbilt University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Richard Vernon offers a sweeping survey of issues related to what he terms "temporal justice." That survey is not steered by a clear argumentative path linking its varied elements, and thus it is perhaps best approached as a collection of more or less independent reflections on the ways in which time inflects our doing justice.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Vernon divides the "temporality" of justice into "historic redress" and a future-oriented dimension which he terms "intergenerational justice." This neatly divides the book into two clusters of chapters having little in common apart from one being directed to the past, the other to the future.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The past-oriented grouping of essays Vernon titles "Looking Back," a passive almost aesthetic relationship to past time, standing in clear contrast to... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/justice-back-and-forth-duties-to-the-past-and-future/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/irony-and-idealism-rereading-schlegel-hegel-and-kierkegaard/ 2017-05-10T19:00:00-0400 2017-05-10T19:00:00-0400 Irony and Idealism: Rereading Schlegel, Hegel, and Kierkegaard Fred Rush <p>2017.05.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/irony-and-idealism-rereading-schlegel-hegel-and-kierkegaard/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Fred Rush, <em>Irony and Idealism: Rereading Schlegel, Hegel, and Kierkegaard</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 312pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199688227.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Allen Speight, Boston University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">In his ambitious and insightful new book, Fred Rush begins by noticing the developments in the academic discussion of German romanticism that have taken place over the last twenty years. Once mostly the province of literary scholars, the field of German romanticism also came to acquire in this period remarkable new interest within the Anglophone philosophical world.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">One question raised by this new philosophical attention, of course, is just what is meant by "romanticism" at all. Rush notes the wide valence of the term in a cultural and historical sense: there is, as he argues, both a "permeability" between national borders that has allowed reciprocal influence between German and English or French sources of inspiration, as well as a wide swath of appeals... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/irony-and-idealism-rereading-schlegel-hegel-and-kierkegaard/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/mortal-imitations-of-divine-life-the-nature-of-the-soul-in-aristotles-de-anima/ 2017-05-09T22:30:00-0400 2017-05-09T22:30:00-0400 Mortal Imitations of Divine Life: The Nature of the Soul in Aristotle's De Anima Eli Diamond <p>2017.05.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/mortal-imitations-of-divine-life-the-nature-of-the-soul-in-aristotles-de-anima/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Eli Diamond, <em>Mortal Imitations of Divine Life: The Nature of the Soul in Aristotle's De Anima</em>, Northwestern University Press, 2015, 333pp., $39.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780810130692.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Klaus Corcilius, University of California, Berkeley</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This is a book not on Plato, as the main title might suggest, but on Aristotle's <em>De anima</em> (DA). Eli Diamond offers a reading of the DA as "quietly but constantly theological", according to which "mind" (41) is the formal and final cause of all kinds of soul (nutritive, perceptual, noetic). Each stage on the ascending series of kinds of soul described in DA II 3 <em>is</em>, as Diamond writes in his preface, the "very activity, which is God, though with starkly varying degrees of success." (xi). This is a thesis reminiscent of Plotinus <em>Enn</em>. III 8 (not mentioned by Diamond), but completely unacceptable as an interpretation of the text of the DA: there is no passage in the work, or indeed in the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/mortal-imitations-of-divine-life-the-nature-of-the-soul-in-aristotles-de-anima/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/thomas-aquinas-on-war-and-peace/ 2017-05-09T18:00:00-0400 2017-05-09T18:00:00-0400 Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace Gregory M. Reichberg <p>2017.05.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/thomas-aquinas-on-war-and-peace/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Gregory M. Reichberg, Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 302pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107019904.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by G. Scott Davis, University of Richmond</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Given the many avatars of Aquinas stalking the contemporary stage -- from the quasi-Kantian of John Finnis to James Turner Johnson's Augustinian to Richard Miller's crypto-pacifist -- it is good to have an overview grounded in the full spectrum of St. Thomas's works, informed as well by his early modern commentators and contemporary critics. Gregory M. Reichberg is doubtless correct that understanding the scope of Thomas's work and its historical development are essential to grasping what he is up to in his various discussions of war and peace. I'll say a bit about how much and what sort of historical stage-setting is essential in a moment.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The book has two parts. The first "was written as a single unit," in... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/thomas-aquinas-on-war-and-peace/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-equal-society-essays-in-theory-and-practice/ 2017-05-08T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-08T20:00:00-0400 The Equal Society: Essays in Theory and Practice George Hull (ed.) <p>2017.05.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-equal-society-essays-in-theory-and-practice/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">George Hull (ed.), <em>The Equal Society: Essays in Theory and Practice</em>, Rowman and Littlefield, 2015, 354pp., $100.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781498515719.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Valentin Beck, Freie Universität Berlin</strong></p> <p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">What would be the central characteristics of a society in which its citizens are truly treated as equals? While egalitarian thinkers are united in their affirmation of the value of equality, they notoriously have -- for centuries -- disagreed about its interpretation. Egalitarianism now is a dominant current within Western moral and political philosophy, but it is also very broad and multifaceted. There is a wide range of mutually inconsistent egalitarian conceptions, ranging from libertarian and meritocratic positions to social liberal, communitarian and socialist ones. Therefore, the decisive question is not<em> whether</em> one should be an egalitarian, but <em>what kind</em> of egalitarian one should be, and how to interpret the central tenet of equal treatment more concretely in political theory and practice.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-equal-society-essays-in-theory-and-practice/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-philosophy-of-the-mozi-the-first-consequentialists/ 2017-05-07T20:00:00-0400 2017-05-07T20:00:00-0400 The Philosophy of the Mozi: The First Consequentialists Chris Fraser <p>2017.05.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-philosophy-of-the-mozi-the-first-consequentialists/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Chris Fraser, <em>The Philosophy of the Mozi: The First Consequentialists</em>, Columbia University Press, 2016, 293pp., $40.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780231149273.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Eirik Lang Harris, City University of Hong Kong</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">When I was a graduate student casting around for ideas for a dissertation topic, one of my mentors suggested that I find some topic X, generally denigrated in the literature, and formulate an argument of the sort, "X is not as stupid as it sounds." In an important sense, this is what Chris Fraser has done in examining the early Chinese text the <em>Mozi</em>. He examines the philosophical ideas of the Mohists as they appear in this text and provides not only the most charitable account of their philosophical ideas to appear in any Western language but also the first book length treatment of this text by a philosopher in at least 50 years.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Fraser's goal is to contribute to "the philosophical 'rehabilitation'... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-philosophy-of-the-mozi-the-first-consequentialists/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/ethics-and-the-problem-of-evil/ 2017-05-04T22:30:00-0400 2017-05-04T22:30:00-0400 Ethics and the Problem of Evil James P. Sterba <p>2017.05.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/ethics-and-the-problem-of-evil/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">James P. Sterba, <em>Ethics and the Problem of Evil</em>, Indiana University Press, 2017, 171pp., $30.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780253024312.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Ruse, Florida State University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Almost twenty years ago, I wrote a little book on the relationship between Darwinism and Christianity (Ruse 2001). I had thought, before I began, that one of the biggest issues would be with the problem of evil. How could an all-powerful, all-loving God, allow evil? Charles Darwin himself worried about this one. Early in 1860, about six months after the <em>Origin of Species</em> was published, he wrote to his good friend the American botanist Asa Gray: " I cannot persuade myself that a beneficent &amp; omnipotent God would have designedly created the Ichneumonidae with the express intention of their feeding within the living bodies of caterpillars, or that a cat should play with mice" (Darwin 1985, 8, 224). To my surprise, as with the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/ethics-and-the-problem-of-evil/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/selected-essays/ 2017-05-04T18:00:00-0400 2017-05-04T18:00:00-0400 Selected Essays Félix Ravaisson <p>2017.05.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/selected-essays/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Félix Ravaisson, <em>Selected Essays</em>, Mark Sinclair (ed.), Bloomsbury, 2016, 360pp., $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781472574879.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael E. Moore, University of Iowa</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">With the publication of this volume, the availability of Ravaisson's highly original writing is vastly expanded for readers of English. In fact, some of the essays included have been scarce, little-known, or difficult to obtain even in the original French editions (i.e. expensive and fragile). Included, too, is the essay "Of Habit", a translation of which was published by Bloomsbury in 2008, but which is now presented in a revised edition. Heretofore this was the only work of Ravaisson available in English. "Of Habit" has had a potent impact, bringing Ravaisson to the attention of classicists, art critics, and philosophers, certainly justifying the further publication of this large, handsomely produced collection.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Jean-Gaspard-Félix Laché Ravaisson-Mollien was born in 1813, and died at century's end.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/selected-essays/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/emotions-values-and-agency/ 2017-05-03T22:00:00-0400 2017-05-03T22:00:00-0400 Emotions, Values, and Agency Christine Tappolet <p>2017.05.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/emotions-values-and-agency/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Christine Tappolet, <em>Emotions, Values, and Agency</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 228pp., $70.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199696512.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Benjamin De Mesel, KU Leuven</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">What are emotions? Christine Tappolet defends the claim that emotions consist in perceptual experiences of evaluative properties, such as the fearsome, the disgusting, or the admirable. An outline of the Perceptual Theory of emotions (Chapter 1) is followed by an exploration of its implications for the relations between emotion and motivation (Chapter 2), emotion and values (Chapter 3), emotion and responsibility (Chapter 4), and emotion and agency (Chapter 5).</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Tappolet's book is to be recommended, first of all, for the way in which it shows how her theory of emotion interlocks with plausible theories of value and agency, and how these interlocking theories mutually support each other. The project is ambitious, as it requires a grasp of the difficulties in different and vast... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/emotions-values-and-agency/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/thinking-with-kants-critique-of-judgment/ 2017-05-03T18:00:00-0400 2017-05-03T18:00:00-0400 Thinking with Kant's Critique of Judgment Michel Chaouli <p>2017.05.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/thinking-with-kants-critique-of-judgment/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Michel Chaouli, <em>Thinking with Kant's </em>Critique of Judgment, Harvard University Press, 2017, 312pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780674971363.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Samantha Matherne, University of California, Santa Cruz</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Michel Chaouli offers an eloquent yet honest apology for Kant's third <em>Critique</em>, defending its continued value in the face of criticism from many sides. And the sides are, indeed, many. Over and above the general difficulty of Kant's language, many of the key terms around which Kant builds his theory of aesthetic experience, like 'beauty', 'taste', and 'pleasure', can seem outdated. More hostility still is garnered by his imperious-sounding claim that judgments of taste are 'universal' and 'necessary'. Even among those more sympathetic to his view, there arise concerns over Kant's formalism and the coherence of his analysis of the beauty of nature and art. What is more, these are only concerns internal<em> </em>to his aesthetics. Still other criticisms have been posed in relation... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/thinking-with-kants-critique-of-judgment/" >Read More</a> </p>