tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2016-12-06T22:00:00-0500 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/french-philosophy-1572-1675/ 2016-12-06T22:00:00-0500 2016-12-06T22:00:00-0500 French Philosophy: 1572-1675 Desmond M. Clarke <p>2016.12.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/french-philosophy-1572-1675/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Desmond M. Clarke, <em>French Philosophy: 1572-1675</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 275pp., $50.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198749578.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Roger Ariew, University of South Florida</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Desmond Clarke recently passed away. He was a major Cartesian scholar, a professor of Philosophy at University College Cork, Ireland, and editor and translator of a number of primary works, from Descartes' <em>Meditations</em> and <em>Discourse on Method</em> to seventeenth century texts on the equality of the sexes (by François Poulain de la Barre, Marie le Jars de Gournay, and Anna Maria van Schurman). But he is best known for a quartet of important monographs on Descartes and the Cartesians: <em>Descartes' Philosophy of Science</em> (1982), <em>Occult Powers and Hypotheses: Cartesian Natural Philosophy Under Louis XIV</em> (1989), <em>Descartes's Theory of Mind</em> (2003), and <em>Descartes: A Biography</em><em> </em>(2005). His continued contributions to the history of early modern philosophy will be missed, as will his sharp intellect and... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/french-philosophy-1572-1675/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/toward-a-pragmatist-metaethics/ 2016-12-06T20:00:00-0500 2016-12-06T20:00:00-0500 Toward a Pragmatist Metaethics Diana B. Heney <p>2016.12.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/toward-a-pragmatist-metaethics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Diana B. Heney, <em>Toward a Pragmatist Metaethics</em>, Routledge, 2016, 155pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138189492.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Todd Lekan, Muskingum University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Diana B. Heney's book has two basic aims. The first is to offer an interpretation of the vital meta-ethical insights from the tradition of classical pragmatism including C.S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, and C.I. Lewis. The second is to apply some of these insights to contemporary meta-ethical debates, especially the issues of whether moral judgments are "truth apt" and whether general moral principles play a significant role in moral inquiry. Heney shows how pragmatism can offer compelling versions of both a cognitivist affirmation of the truth aptness of moral judgments and a generalist support for the role of principles in moral deliberation.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The book deserves responses within contemporary analytic ethics, and I predict that it will prove its value in that domain.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/toward-a-pragmatist-metaethics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-natural-and-the-human-science-and-the-shaping-of-modernity-1739-1841/ 2016-12-05T22:00:00-0500 2016-12-07T01:38:47-0500 The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739-1841 Stephen Gaukroger <p>2016.12.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-natural-and-the-human-science-and-the-shaping-of-modernity-1739-1841/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer">Stephen Gaukroger, <em>The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739-1841</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 402pp., $50.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199757634.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Phillip R. Sloan, University of Notre Dame</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This third volume of Stephen Gaukroger's massive synthesis of the history of science, philosophy, and intellectual history since 1210, continues a general thematic across the Enlightenment-Romanticism boundary, and also moves from a primary focus on the physical sciences into medicine, natural history, and anthropology. Although it is possible to view each volume in this series as self-contained, their incorporation in a more general breathtaking synthesis at the hands of one scholar requires some attention to the larger project.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The goals of this long study are pursued along two fronts. One thematic is to be an analysis of the interplay of natural philosophy and epistemology in a historical dialogue with the Christian religious tradition since the medieval period. The general aim is to understand... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-natural-and-the-human-science-and-the-shaping-of-modernity-1739-1841/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/leibniz-protestant-theologian/ 2016-12-05T20:00:00-0500 2016-12-05T20:00:00-0500 Leibniz: Protestant Theologian Irena Backus <p>2016.12.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/leibniz-protestant-theologian/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Irena Backus, <em>Leibniz: Protestant Theologian</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 322pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199891849.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Mogens Lærke, CNRS/ ENS de Lyon</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Irena Backus' long-awaited monograph focuses on Leibniz's outlook on protestant theology, especially Calvinist theology, from the viewpoint of his own "evangelical" position (that is to say, Lutheran -- but Leibniz disliked the denomination, which he felt was sectarian.) She organizes her study thematically into three parts. The first part, containing two chapters, is about the "Eucharist and Substance." Backus here dedicates the most discussion to demonstrate that Leibniz's philosophical attempts at explaining transubstantiation in texts dating from the <em>De transubstantiatione</em> (1668) to the <em>Examen religionis christianae</em> (1686) were mainly about overcoming challenges to revealed religion posed by Cartesianism. She also, more convincingly, resituates Leibniz's position on the Eucharist in the <em>Unvorgreiffliches Bedencken</em> (1698-1704) in the more straightforward theological context of irenic negotiations. The second... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/leibniz-protestant-theologian/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-aesthetics-of-argument/ 2016-12-04T20:00:00-0500 2016-12-04T20:00:00-0500 The Aesthetics of Argument Martin Warner <p>2016.12.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-aesthetics-of-argument/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Martin Warner, <em>The Aesthetics of Argument</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 318pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198737117.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Bell, University of Warwick</strong></p> <p><span lang="EN-AU" style="font-weight:normal">The nature of thought is notoriously elusive. Is it best understood through its purer and more impersonal forms such as logic or as the outcome of the complex psychic processes in which it is embedded? Nor is it clear how far the available discourse is a help or a hindrance; whether it makes discriminations or creates illusory entities. What do people mean, or think they mean, when they say my heart tells me one thing and my head another? Martin Warner quotes T. S. Eliot's remark that Pascal's dictum 'the heart has its reasons of which reason knows nothing', far from exalting the heart over the head or offering 'a defence of unreason' (p. 259), is rather declaring that the heart 'is itself... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-aesthetics-of-argument/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/experiencing-time/ 2016-12-01T20:00:00-0500 2016-12-01T20:00:00-0500 Experiencing Time Simon Prosser <p>2016.12.01 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/experiencing-time/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Simon Prosser, <em>Experiencing Time</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 221pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198748946.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by  Ian Phillips, St. Anne's College, University of Oxford</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Our experience of time has long puzzled theorists from very different perspectives: psychologists and physicists, metaphysicians and philosophers of mind. Combining his own perspectives of metaphysician and philosopher of mind with a commendable appreciation of relevant physics and psychology, Simon Prosser offers a rich and absorbing treatment in his latest book. Its scope and clear style also make it an excellent, albeit strongly opinionated, introduction to the field.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT"><em>Experiencing Time</em> is, first and foremost, an attack on the A-theory of time and so a defence of the B-theory. This terminology and opposition comes from J. M. E. McTaggart (1908) who discusses how we can either order events by describing them as (more or less) past, present or (more or less) future (the A-series),... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/experiencing-time/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/feminist-interpretations-of-mary-astell/ 2016-11-30T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-30T20:00:00-0500 Feminist Interpretations of Mary Astell Alice Sowaal and Penny A. Weiss (eds.) <p>2016.11.23 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/feminist-interpretations-of-mary-astell/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Alice Sowaal and Penny A. Weiss (eds.), <em>Feminist Interpretations of Mary Astell</em>, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2016, 229pp., $44.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780271071251.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Patricia Sheridan, University of Guelph</strong></p> <p>This volume is a welcome addition to the historical scholarship on Mary Astell, offering papers that explore the philosophical significance of this undeservedly overlooked thinker. What makes this collection especially engaging is its very topical exploration of Astell's feminism, finding in her a treatment of diverse but related issues including gendered power relations, self-esteem and women's empowerment, trauma and its effects, anti-essentialism, and systematized gender discrimination. Though each paper stands alone, together they form a unified impression of Astell's thought. The reader gains an appreciation of Astell's philosophical commitments and the systematic interplay of her ethics, theology, metaphysics, epistemology, and feminism.</p> <p>Penny A. Weiss's introductory essay, 'Locations and Legacies: Reading Mary Astell and Re-Reading the Canon', lays out the general aims of the volume, which... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/feminist-interpretations-of-mary-astell/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/aquinass-ontology-of-the-material-world-change-hylomorphism-and-material-objects/ 2016-11-29T22:00:00-0500 2016-11-29T22:00:00-0500 Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects Jeffrey E. Brower <p>2016.11.22 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/aquinass-ontology-of-the-material-world-change-hylomorphism-and-material-objects/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Jeffrey E. Brower, <em>Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects</em>, Oxford University Press, 2014, 327pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198714293.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Richard Cross, University of Notre Dame</strong></p> <p>Jeffrey E. Brower&#8217;s aim is to give an account of Aquinas&#8217;s views of the material world and its fundamental constituents. He sets about this task in five main stages &#8212; and because of the complexity of the argument I will devote almost the full first half of this review to a description of it, before turning to criticisms. The first part of the book (chapters 1 and 2) argues for the claim that Aquinas accepts 14 fundamental types of being: prime matter, accidental unity, God, created substance, substantial form, and each of the nine Aristotelian accidental forms (p. 47). According to Brower, each of these types of being corresponds to a distinct mode of being (for example, for prime matter, existing &#8220;in the mode of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/aquinass-ontology-of-the-material-world-change-hylomorphism-and-material-objects/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/clitophons-challenge-dialectic-in-platos-meno-phaedo-and-republic/ 2016-11-29T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-29T20:00:00-0500 Clitophon's Challenge: Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic Hugh H. Benson <p>2016.11.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/clitophons-challenge-dialectic-in-platos-meno-phaedo-and-republic/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Hugh H. Benson, <em>Clitophon's Challenge: Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic</em>, Oxford University Press, 2015, 318pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199324835.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Ebrey, University of Wisconsin-Madison</strong></p> <p>This book provides a clear and careful account of Plato's method of inquiry in the <em>Meno</em>, <em>Phaedo</em>, and <em>Republic</em>. I highly recommend it to anyone interested in Plato's methodology. Although I have serious disagreements with many of Hugh H. Benson's central claims, I think the book has important insights in every chapter. Moreover, its clarity makes it rewarding to engage with, since even if you disagree with Benson, you can track down why and learn from this process. The central idea of the book is that in the <em>Meno</em>, <em>Phaedo</em>, and <em>Republic</em> Socrates develops and applies a single method of inquiry, the method of hypothesis, which explains how we can acquire knowledge <em>de novo</em>, that is, how we can inquire without relying on someone else... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/clitophons-challenge-dialectic-in-platos-meno-phaedo-and-republic/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/debating-climate-ethics/ 2016-11-28T21:30:00-0500 2016-11-28T21:30:00-0500 Debating Climate Ethics Stephen M. Gardiner and David A. Weisbach <p>2016.11.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/debating-climate-ethics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Stephen M. Gardiner and David A. Weisbach, <em>Debating Climate Ethics</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 272pp., $24.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780199996483.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Byron Williston, Wilfrid Laurier University</strong></p> <p>The stated goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is to ensure that greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere are stabilized so that "dangerous anthropogenic interference" in the climate system is avoided. In December 2015, the body charged with crafting an international agreement to make this happen, the Conference of Parties, met in Paris and agreed that the only way to prevent such interference is to keep average global temperatures "well below" 2°C relative to the pre-industrial baseline. Most have interpreted this as meaning that we should work towards a 1°5C guardrail. Because the world has already warmed by about 1°C, with probably close to another 1°C 'in the pipeline,' this is an extraordinarily ambitious goal. It means not just decarbonizing... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/debating-climate-ethics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-oxford-handbook-of-hobbes/ 2016-11-22T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-22T20:00:00-0500 The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes A.P. Martinich and Kinch Hoekstra (eds.) <p>2016.11.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-oxford-handbook-of-hobbes/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>A.P. Martinich and Kinch Hoekstra (eds.), <em>The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 649pp., $150.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199791941.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Marcus P. Adams, State University of New York at Albany</strong></p> <p>This book represents a significant contribution to scholarship on Hobbes. It is impressive in both breadth and depth, with twenty-six essays devoted to various aspects of Hobbes's thought. A.P. Martinich notes in his introduction that the goal of the book is neither to be comprehensive nor to review the secondary literature; rather, the objective is "advance the study of Hobbes's thought" (p. 1). Overall, the essays are of high quality and the group of authors, composed of historians of philosophy, political theorists, and historians of ideas, among others, is representative of the best of contemporary scholarship on Hobbes.</p> <p>The book has five parts: Logic and Natural Philosophy (Part I), Human Nature and Moral Philosophy (Part II), Political Philosophy (Part III), Religion (Part IV), and History,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-oxford-handbook-of-hobbes/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/ethics-and-social-survival/ 2016-11-21T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-21T20:00:00-0500 Ethics and Social Survival Milton Fisk <p>2016.11.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/ethics-and-social-survival/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Milton Fisk, <em>Ethics and Social Survival</em>, Routledge, 2016, 236pp., $119.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138646551.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Tim Mulgan, University of Auckland and University of St Andrews</strong></p> <p>In this fascinating and provocative book, Milton Fisk defends a radical and original account of the nature, basis, and justification of ethics. Ethical life is a project, whose goal is to avoid social collapse, or more positively, to ensure social viability. What matters is neither the survival of any particular social arrangement, government, or state, nor the mere existence of human beings, but rather the continuation of <em>some</em> human society where ethical norms make sense. Examples of social collapse include: Germany in 1945 (25), and "what remained after the US Army's destruction of Native American society, after Stalin's destruction of kulak society in the Ukraine, after the Khmer Rouge slaughters in Cambodia, or after the rampages in Darfur" (59).</p> <p>Almost everyone will agree that social... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/ethics-and-social-survival/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/wittgenstein-opening-investigations/ 2016-11-20T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-20T20:00:00-0500 Wittgenstein: Opening Investigations Michael Luntley <p>2016.11.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/wittgenstein-opening-investigations/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Michael Luntley, <em>Wittgenstein: Opening Investigations</em>, Wiley Blackwell, 2015, 179pp., $99.95 (hbk), ISBN 9781118978498.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Lars Hertzberg, Åbo Akademi University</strong></p> <p>Michael Luntley advances an original reading of the early parts of Wittgenstein's <em>Philosophical Investigations. </em>He partners, as it were, with Wittgenstein, proposing a way of formulating Wittgenstein's thoughts which the latter, for some reason, was unable or unwilling to provide -- a genre pioneered by Jaakko Hintikka. Luntley wishes to reframe our way of reading Wittgenstein by asking what theories he is trying to launch. The boldness of his project is refreshing. However, in my view, more is lost than is gained in the attempt. In the end, Wittgenstein comes across as a run-of-the-mill analytic philosopher. This may have been Luntley's intention.</p> <p>Luntley questions the widely shared notion that one of the things Wittgenstein takes Augustine to task for in the opening remarks of <em>Philosophical... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/wittgenstein-opening-investigations/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/immanuel-kant-the-very-idea-of-a-critique-of-pure-reason/ 2016-11-17T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-17T20:00:00-0500 Immanuel Kant: The Very Idea of a Critique of Pure Reason J. Colin McQuillan <p>2016.11.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/immanuel-kant-the-very-idea-of-a-critique-of-pure-reason/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>J. Colin McQuillan, <em>Immanuel Kant: The Very Idea of a Critique of Pure Reason</em>, Northwestern University Press, 2016, 176pp., $34.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780810132481.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Riccardo Pozzo, National Research Council of Italy</strong></p> <p>On top of being an excellent dissertation defended at Emory under the direction of Rudolf Makkreel, which is already a sound recommendation for outstanding philosophical-historical work, this book profited from a substantial stay at the University of Halle, where the author was a guest of Jürgen Stolzenberg. With a great deal of research, J. Colin McQuillan has demonstrated mastery not only over Kant's own project and texts, but to a certain extent also over the milieu to which he belonged. It's not surprising that this erudite and seminal work of meticulous scholarship adds something new to our understanding of Kant's conception of critique.</p> <p>McQuillan's objective is to reconstruct the different ways the concept of critique was used during the eighteenth century, the relationship between Kant's... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/immanuel-kant-the-very-idea-of-a-critique-of-pure-reason/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/explanatory-pluralism/ 2016-11-16T22:30:00-0500 2016-11-16T23:31:44-0500 Explanatory Pluralism C. Mantzavinos <p>2016.11.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/explanatory-pluralism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>C. Mantzavinos, <em>Explanatory Pluralism</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 221pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107128514.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Sharyn Clough, Oregon State University</strong></p> <p>C. Mantzavinos, an accomplished scholar in the philosophy of social sciences, especially economics, delivers a precise formulation of explanatory activity -- no easy task given that explanatory activity is itself, he argues, imprecise, organic, social, and ongoing. In ten robust chapters sandwiched between a short introduction and epilogue, he argues in support of a change of topic, away from what he takes to be the wrong question (viz., "what is an explanation?") and toward a pluralistic account that views explanation as an action rather than as an outcome.</p> <p>A brief stylistic note: the footnotes are visually disruptive and rhetorically confusing. Set in tiny subscript, the footnotes are in fact used to articulate substantive portions of the arguments made throughout the book -- they often take... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/explanatory-pluralism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/play-as-symbol-of-the-world-and-other-writings/ 2016-11-16T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-16T20:00:00-0500 Play as Symbol of the World and Other Writings Eugen Fink <p>2016.11.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/play-as-symbol-of-the-world-and-other-writings/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Eugen Fink, <em>Play as Symbol of the World and Other Writings</em>, Ian Alexander Moore and Christopher Turner (trs.), Indiana University Press, 2016, 349pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780253021052.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stuart Elden, University of Warwick</strong></p> <p>Eugen Fink (1905-1975) is not sufficiently well known in the Anglophone world, in part because of the lack of translations of his work. He is perhaps generally understood through two texts which have been translated -- his continuation of Edmund Husserl's work in the <em>Sixth Cartesian Meditation</em> and his co-taught <em>Heraclitus Seminar</em> with Martin Heidegger. As one of Husserl's assistants, his work was initially seen as a continuation of his ideas; and towards the end of his career the Heidegger relation tends to dominate readings. Ronald Bruzina's <em>Edmund Husserl &amp; Eugen Fink: Beginnings and Ends in Phenomenology 1928-1938</em> (Yale University Press, 2004) is an excellent guide to his philosophical apprenticeship. Yet Fink was a significant thinker in his own right, with a number of important... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/play-as-symbol-of-the-world-and-other-writings/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-philosophy-scare-the-politics-of-reason-in-the-early-cold-war/ 2016-11-15T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-15T20:00:00-0500 The Philosophy Scare: The Politics of Reason in the Early Cold War John McCumber <p>2016.11.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-philosophy-scare-the-politics-of-reason-in-the-early-cold-war/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>John McCumber, <em>The Philosophy Scare: The Politics of Reason in the Early Cold War</em>, University of Chicago Press, 2016, 218pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780226396385.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by George A. Reisch</strong></p> <p>In his influential book, <em>The Rise of Scientific Philosophy</em> of 1951, Hans Reichenbach applauded the arrival of logical positivism for philosophical reasons. In his new book, John McCumber offers a very different account of how and why Reichenbach's style of philosophy displaced its main rivals, pragmatism and continental philosophy. By examining archival files, departmental correspondence, and the records of the California State Senate Fact-Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities (CUAC), McCumber contends that the rise of scientific philosophy took place not in some ideal world of competing doctrines, but within two institutions born during the cold war: UCLA, which became autonomous in 1952, and the RAND corporation.</p> <p>How did Reichenbach's brand of logical positivism win the day? By better navigating the pressures and rewards ("sticks" and... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-philosophy-scare-the-politics-of-reason-in-the-early-cold-war/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/a-social-theory-of-freedom/ 2016-11-14T22:00:00-0500 2016-11-14T22:00:00-0500 A Social Theory of Freedom Mariam Thalos <p>2016.11.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/a-social-theory-of-freedom/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Mariam Thalos, <em>A Social Theory of Freedom</em>, Routledge, 2016, 278pp., $119.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138931589.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Per-Erik Milam, University of Gothenburg</strong></p> <p>Philosophical discussions of freedom might plausibly be seen as revolving around two main centres of gravity: a 'metaphysical' conception of freedom as free action (or freedom of the will) and a 'political' conception of freedom as liberty. Mariam Thalos' new book is motivated by the belief that neither of these conceptions adequately captures the sort of freedom we care about. The problem, as she sees it, is that both mistakenly view freedom as the absence of constraint. As she characterises these views, metaphysical freedom is made possible by the absence of determinism and political freedom by the absence of domination. By contrast, Thalos argues that freedom is not properly understood as the absence of constraint, but rather as the "freedom to embrace and construct identities... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/a-social-theory-of-freedom/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-minority-body-a-theory-of-disability/ 2016-11-14T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-14T20:00:00-0500 The Minority Body: A Theory of Disability Elizabeth Barnes <p>2016.11.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-minority-body-a-theory-of-disability/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Elizabeth Barnes, <em>The Minority Body: A Theory of Disability</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 200pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198732587.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stephen M. Campbell, Bentley University, and Joseph A. Stramondo, San Diego State University</strong></p> <p>Ask random people on the street what their greatest fears are, and disability is likely to appear high on their list -- right up there with death and public speaking. Most people, and perhaps most philosophers, assume that having a disability is virtually always harmful and bad for those who are disabled, and that this is not simply due to such things as prejudice and discrimination, social ostracism, or lack of accommodations. This is the dominant contemporary view about the relationship between disability and well-being, and Elizabeth Barnes is here to tell us that it is mistaken. In her engaging, powerfully argued, and good-humored book, Barnes seeks to illuminate the nature of physical disability, challenge the view that it has a negative impact on well-being,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-minority-body-a-theory-of-disability/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-limits-of-moral-authority/ 2016-11-13T20:00:00-0500 2016-11-13T20:00:00-0500 The Limits of Moral Authority Dale Dorsey <p>2016.11.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-limits-of-moral-authority/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Dale Dorsey, <em>The Limits of Moral Authority</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 233pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198728900.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Douglas W. Portmore, Arizona State University</strong></p> <p>Dale Dorsey has written an impressive book, which is a must-read for anyone interested in the normative authority of morality. The book concerns to what extent we should live our lives in accordance with either moral requirements or moral considerations. Suppose, for instance, that I fail to act as the balance of moral considerations supports my acting. Or suppose that I fail to act as I'm morally required to act. Does this mean that I've failed to act as I ought to have acted, all things considered? Not necessarily, argues Dorsey. He argues that we are not always required, all things considered, to act as we are morally required to act. (And, hereafter, I'll use the modifier 'normatively' to indicate when I'm talking about what... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-limits-of-moral-authority/" >Read More</a> </p>