tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2016-09-26T20:00:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69819-causation-and-free-will/ 2016-09-26T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-26T20:00:00-0400 Causation and Free Will Carolina Sartorio <p>2016.09.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69819-causation-and-free-will/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Carolina Sartorio, <em>Causation and Free Will</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 188pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198746799.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christopher Evan Franklin, Grove City College</strong></p> <p>Carolina Sartorio has produced a rich and stimulating set of reflections on the intersection of the metaphysics of free will and causation, with the aim of clarifying the structure and defending the central tenets of an actual-sequence theory of freedom, "where freedom is understood as the metaphysical [rather than epistemic] component of responsibility" (p. 8). While there is overlap between Sartorio's and John Fischer and Mark Ravizza's<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a> actual-sequence accounts, Sartorio argues that we can improve on their account by taking more seriously the idea that freedom solely supervenes on the actual sequence, and that we can take the supervenience claim more seriously by attending more carefully to aspects of causation that have played little to no role in the free will literature.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69819-causation-and-free-will/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/70024-resemblance-and-representation-an-essay-in-the-philosophy-of-pictures/ 2016-09-25T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-25T20:00:00-0400 Resemblance and Representation: An Essay in the Philosophy of Pictures Ben Blumson <p>2016.09.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70024-resemblance-and-representation-an-essay-in-the-philosophy-of-pictures/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Ben Blumson, <em>Resemblance and Representation: An Essay in the Philosophy of Pictures</em>, Open Book, 2015, 209pp., $23.41 (pbk), ISBN 9781783740727.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Valeria Giardino, Université de Lorraine</strong></p> <p>The name of the author of <em>Resemblance and Representation</em> is 'Ben Blumson'. It seems obvious that this is the case because there is an <em>arbitrary convention</em> stipulating the connection between the physical person being the author of the book and his name and surname; alternatively, a picture of Ben Blumson would be as such only if it <em>resembles</em> the author of <em>Resemblance and Representation</em>'s physical appearance. This is the 'platitude' Blumson starts with: as he declares in the opening lines of the Introduction, his first aim will be to defend it from the objections of philosophers. Apparently, he suggests, only philosophers would dream of denying such a claim (which is incidentally not a reason to reject their objections <em>tout court</em>, since they raise valuable criticisms... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/70024-resemblance-and-representation-an-essay-in-the-philosophy-of-pictures/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69736-transplanting-the-metaphysical-organ-german-romanticism-between-leibniz-and-marx/ 2016-09-22T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-22T20:00:00-0400 Transplanting the Metaphysical Organ: German Romanticism between Leibniz and Marx Leif Weatherby <p>2016.09.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69736-transplanting-the-metaphysical-organ-german-romanticism-between-leibniz-and-marx/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Leif Weatherby, <em>Transplanting the Metaphysical Organ: German Romanticism between Leibniz and Marx</em><em>,</em> Fordham University Press, 2016, 462pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780823269419.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Elizabeth Millan, DePaul University</strong></p> <p>In recent years, there has been much more attention directed to the philosophical dimensions of German Romanticism, a movement that for far too long was dismissed as merely literary. The welcome result of this attention is the emergence of a richer dialogue that reveals the historical context of a movement whose leading figures included Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis), Friedrich Hölderlin, F.W.J. Schelling, F.D.E. Schleiermacher, and Friedrich Schlegel. We are, at long last, in a position to appreciate how much these thinkers have to offer to contemporary discussions ranging from questions of culture, art, and religion, to metaphysics, epistemology, and the natural sciences. Leif Weatherby's excellent study is a welcome contribution to the growing scholarship on the philosophical dimensions of German Romanticism, and his careful, creative... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69736-transplanting-the-metaphysical-organ-german-romanticism-between-leibniz-and-marx/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69992-comparing-kant-and-sartre/ 2016-09-21T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-22T22:19:41-0400 Comparing Kant and Sartre Sorin Baiasu (ed.) <p>2016.09.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69992-comparing-kant-and-sartre/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Sorin Baiasu (ed.), <em>Comparing Kant and Sartre</em>, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 262pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781137454522.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Henry Somers-Hall, Royal Holloway, University of London</strong></p> <p>As Jonathan Head et al. note in the introduction to this volume, while there is growing interest in the connections between Sartre and his German idealist heritage, until recently, work actually addressing the connection between Sartre and Kant has been scarce. This volume aims to begin to explore Sartre's debts to Kant, and while it is not the final word, it provides a useful collection of essays that pick up various intersections between the two. The collection is organised into four sections: an introduction, which provides a useful survey of the current state of research into the interrelation of Kant and Sartre, followed by sections on metaphysics, metaethics, and metaphilosophy. This organisational schema is rather loose, largely because these categories bleed into each other within... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69992-comparing-kant-and-sartre/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69735-reality-making/ 2016-09-19T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-21T08:16:56-0400 Reality Making Mark Jago (ed.) <p>2016.09.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69735-reality-making/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Mark Jago (ed.), <em>Reality Making</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 200pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198755722.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Ricki Bliss, Lehigh University</strong></p> <p>It would be hard for anyone interested in metaphysics not to have noticed the recent explosion of interest in notions of ground, ontological dependence, metaphysical structure, fundamentality and their like. Although doubtless the mushrooming of the literature devoted to these themes, and the cottage industry associated with them, has sprung from soils made fertile by time, sometimes one wonders what metaphysicians even did before Kit Fine told us we ought to be worried about grounding.</p> <p>Mark Jago's edited collection offers eight new papers that contribute to the rapidly expanding literature on reality and its structure. Where this volume is, perhaps, unique and somewhat refreshing is that its focus is less on meta-issues pertaining to the over-arching structure of reality, and the kinds of concepts we... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69735-reality-making/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69777-pragmatism-kant-and-transcendental-philosophy/ 2016-09-18T22:00:00-0400 2016-09-18T22:00:00-0400 Pragmatism, Kant, and Transcendental Philosophy Gabriele Gava and Robert Stern (eds.) <p>2016.09.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69777-pragmatism-kant-and-transcendental-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Gabriele Gava and Robert Stern (eds.), <em>Pragmatism, Kant, and Transcendental Philosophy</em>, Routledge, 2016, 297pp., $116.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138791916.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Vincent Colapietro, Pennsylvania State University</strong></p> <p>The aim of this volume is to explore <em>critically</em> the connections between American pragmatism and transcendental philosophy in a strict Kantian sense. Thirteen finely crafted essays follow a substantive "Introduction" by the editors. The range of concerns explored is, in a sense, somewhat narrow (also the range of classical pragmatists considered), with only one essay being devoted to political philosophy (David Macarthur's "A Kantian-Inspired Vision of Pragmatism as Democratic Experimentalism") and one to some extent concerned with moral philosophy (Boris Rähme's "Transcendental Argument, Epistemologically Constrained Truth, and Moral Discourse"). In terms of figures, the tilt is decisively toward Peirce, with Dewey, Mead, Lewis mostly pushed to the margins. James hovers between the center and fringe of the contributors' consciousness.</p> <p>The majority of the contributors focus... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69777-pragmatism-kant-and-transcendental-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69681-mental-time-travel-episodic-memory-and-our-knowledge-of-the-personal-past/ 2016-09-18T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-18T20:00:00-0400 Mental Time Travel: Episodic Memory and Our Knowledge of the Personal Past Kourken Michaelian <p>2016.09.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69681-mental-time-travel-episodic-memory-and-our-knowledge-of-the-personal-past/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Kourken Michaelian, <em>Mental Time Travel: Episodic Memory and Our Knowledge of the Personal Past</em>,<em> </em>MIT Press, 2016, 291pp., $43.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780262034098.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Robert Hopkins, New York University</strong></p> <p>In this stimulating, widely researched but sometimes rather impressionistic book, Kourken Michaelian addresses three questions about episodic memory: what is it?, how is it able to offer us knowledge?, and why did it evolve?</p> <p>Michaelian's answer to the first question is that episodic memory is one exercise of a more general capacity to represent actual and possible episodes. That capacity is also exercised in, for instance, anticipating some future happening in one's life, simulating the mental states of another, or imagining merely possible vicissitudes. As used to represent episodes from the subject's own past, this capacity turns out to be radically constructive: its representations draw on information from many sources other than the subject's past experience, to create anew a picture of how things were.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69681-mental-time-travel-episodic-memory-and-our-knowledge-of-the-personal-past/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69605-god-and-the-multiverse-scientific-philosophical-and-theological-perspectives/ 2016-09-15T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-15T20:00:00-0400 God and the Multiverse: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Perspectives Klaas J. Kraay (ed.) <p>2016.09.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69605-god-and-the-multiverse-scientific-philosophical-and-theological-perspectives/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Klaas J. Kraay (ed.), <em>God and the Multiverse: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Perspectives</em>, Routledge, 2015, 247pp., $116.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138788671.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Scott A. Shalkowski, University of Leeds</strong></p> <p>This volume brings together twelve essays on God and multiverse physical theories. Some theists have embraced a way of understanding modern physics that arose partly as a way of avoiding the apparent theological implications of cosmic fine tuning. Multiverse theories bring with them new options for handling some well-known apologetic problems, such as the problem of evil, though not all contributors embrace the multiverse. The collection has five parts: "Physicists on God and the Multiverse", "Theistic Multiverses: Details and Applications", "Criticisms of Theistic Multiverses", "Pantheistic Multiverses", and "Multiverses and the Incarnation".</p> <p>Robert B. Mann begins with an essay skeptical of the merits of multiverse theories. Mann's discussion is formulated in terms of a principle of "mediocrity" that began as a claim that there is nothing... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69605-god-and-the-multiverse-scientific-philosophical-and-theological-perspectives/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69640-plotinus-myth-metaphor-and-philosophical-practice/ 2016-09-14T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-14T20:00:00-0400 Plotinus: Myth, Metaphor, and Philosophical Practice Stephen R.L. Clark <p>2016.09.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69640-plotinus-myth-metaphor-and-philosophical-practice/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Stephen R.L. Clark, <em>Plotinus: Myth, Metaphor, and Philosophical Practice</em>, University of Chicago Press, 2016, 344pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780226339672.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Chase, CNRS Centre Jean Pépin</strong></p> <p>This is a bold work that applies a new approach to the interpretation of the thought of the founder of Neoplatonism. It is not a systematic historical study of Plotinus, nor an analysis of his arguments, but an attempt, as the author writes,</p> <p style="margin-left: 40px;">to show how Plotinus would have us live here-now, and what the world of our experience might seem if we reformed our wills and imagination, whether or not the universe is as he argued that it was. Even his most metaphysical utterances can be given a therapeutic and this-worldly meaning. (p. 297)</p> <p>Stephen R.L. Clark intends, moreover, to try "to develop and check [Plotinus'] texts against our own experience of the world and the evidence of other -- seemingly similar... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69640-plotinus-myth-metaphor-and-philosophical-practice/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69607-eason-after-its-eclipse-on-late-critical-theory/ 2016-09-13T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-13T20:00:00-0400 Reason After Its Eclipse: On Late Critical Theory Martin Jay <p>2016.09.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69607-eason-after-its-eclipse-on-late-critical-theory/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Martin Jay, <em>Reason After Its Eclipse: On Late Critical Theory</em>, University of Wisconsin Press, 2016, 245pp, $44.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780299306502.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Maeve Cooke, University College Dublin</strong></p> <p><em>Reason After Its Eclipse</em> tells the long history of thinking about reason. Its narrative is explicitly selective and incomplete, oriented by the concerns of Critical Theory in the Frankfurt School tradition, from Horkheimer, Adorno and Marcuse to Habermas and his critics. But it is by no means a book just for an insider group of Frankfurt School pundits and aficionados. It speaks to anyone concerned with the question of critique, be it in the more general sense, familiar from Kant's critical philosophy, of unflinching scrutiny of dogmatic assertions and authoritarian directives, or in the narrower sense of social criticism. For, evidently, critique presupposes a concept of reason of some kind. To be sure, since interrogation of the rational status of its critical diagnoses and pronouncements... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69607-eason-after-its-eclipse-on-late-critical-theory/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69604-truth-and-truth-bearers-meaning-in-context-volume-ii/ 2016-09-12T22:00:00-0400 2016-09-12T22:00:00-0400 Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II Mark Richard <p>2016.09.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69604-truth-and-truth-bearers-meaning-in-context-volume-ii/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Mark Richard, <em>Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II</em>, Oxford University Press, 2015, 287pp., $70.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198747765.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Manuel García-Carpintero, University of Barcelona</strong></p> <p>This is the second compilation of Mark Richard's papers, after <a href="/news/45580-context-and-the-attitudes-meaning-in-context-volume-i/"><em>Context and the Attitudes</em></a>. It has three parts with, respectively, papers on time and tense, on relativism and truth-bearers, and on quotation and opacity. Like the previous volume, this one includes both important papers that deservedly had a great impact on contemporary philosophy and some new material; hence it is very welcome. Researchers working on the philosophy of language (broadly conceived), the philosophy of mind, and metaphysics will want to have both compilations at hand. I'll describe the contents of each part, making small critical observations in passing.</p> <p>Part I contains two papers from Richard's dissertation, "Temporalism and Eternalism" (1981) and "Tense, Propositions, and Meaning" (1982), and a previously unpublished one, "Temporalism and Eternalism... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69604-truth-and-truth-bearers-meaning-in-context-volume-ii/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69603-the-language-animal-the-full-shape-of-the-human-linguistic-capacity/ 2016-09-12T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-12T20:00:00-0400 The Language Animal: The Full Shape of the Human Linguistic Capacity Charles Taylor <p>2016.09.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69603-the-language-animal-the-full-shape-of-the-human-linguistic-capacity/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Charles Taylor, <em>The Language Animal: The Full Shape of the Human Linguistic Capacity</em>, Harvard University Press, 2016, 352pp., $35.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780674660205.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael N. Forster, Universität Bonn</strong></p> <p>This is a rich and important book. Its main topic is the nature of human language. But it also contains several long, semi-digressive, and very interesting discussions of additional topics, including meta-ethics and art (chapter 6). This review will focus on the book's official topic. It will begin by sketching the main contents before going on to offer some critical comments on the historical and philosophical theses developed.</p> <p>The Preface sets up a fundamental contrast between two conceptions of human language: what Taylor calls 'HHH theories', named after Hamann, Herder, and Humboldt, and what he calls 'HLC theories', named after Hobbes, Locke, and Condillac. Taylor's project is basically to champion the former theories against the latter (ix).</p> <p>Chapter 1, "Designative and Constitutive Views," explains that... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69603-the-language-animal-the-full-shape-of-the-human-linguistic-capacity/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69431-the-ethics-of-pregnancy-abortion-and-childbirth-exploring-moral-choices-in-childbearing/ 2016-09-11T22:00:00-0400 2016-09-11T22:00:00-0400 The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth: Exploring Moral Choices in Childbearing Helen Watt <p>2016.09.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69431-the-ethics-of-pregnancy-abortion-and-childbirth-exploring-moral-choices-in-childbearing/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Helen Watt, <em>The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth: Exploring Moral Choices in Childbearing</em>, Routledge, 2016, 157pp., $112.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138188082.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Amy Mullin, University of Toronto Mississauga</strong></p> <p>Helen Watt's book about moral choices connected to pregnancy is unusual in that it devotes relatively little space to discussing debates about the moral status of zygotes, embryos and fetuses. Watt gives sixteen pages of text (and another ten pages of footnotes) to arguing that zygotes (and also embryos and fetuses) have moral status equivalent to that of any human being. Key to her position is her contention that human beings, starting at conception, are beings of a rational kind with objective interests and her rejection of the notion that pregnant women confer meaning on some of their fetuses. She only briefly refers in a footnote to debates about speciesism (which contest the assignment of equal moral status to all members of the human species... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69431-the-ethics-of-pregnancy-abortion-and-childbirth-exploring-moral-choices-in-childbearing/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69602-from-personality-to-virtue-essays-on-the-philosophy-of-character/ 2016-09-11T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-11T20:00:00-0400 From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character Alberto Masala and Jonathan Webber (eds.) <p>2016.09.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69602-from-personality-to-virtue-essays-on-the-philosophy-of-character/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Alberto Masala and Jonathan Webber (eds.), <em>From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 262pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198746812.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Edward Skidelsky, University of Exeter</strong></p> <p>The last decade has seen a revival of enthusiasm for the old Victorian idea that the problems of the poor are essentially moral, not material in nature. The result has been a slew of schemes for "character education", including the UK government's Character Innovation Fund and the Templeton Foundation's Character Development project. Some see this as a well-meaning attempt to alleviate the plight of the needy, others as a cynical ploy to distract attention from weightier problems of inequality and lack of opportunity. Either way, it has given the academic sub-discipline of virtue ethics an unexpected lease of relevance.</p> <p>If character is to be cultivated, it must of course exist. But does it? "Situationist" critics of virtue ethics have seized on experiments showing that small... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69602-from-personality-to-virtue-essays-on-the-philosophy-of-character/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69429-thought-in-action-expertise-and-the-conscious-mind/ 2016-09-08T22:00:00-0400 2016-09-08T22:00:00-0400 Thought in Action: Expertise and the Conscious Mind Barbara Gail Montero <p>2016.09.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69429-thought-in-action-expertise-and-the-conscious-mind/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Barbara Gail Montero, <em>Thought in Action: Expertise and the Conscious Mind</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 288pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199596775.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Joseph Mendola, University of Nebraska, Lincoln</strong></p> <p>Some philosophers, psychologists, and authors of popular self-help books maintain that thinking about what you are doing as you are doing it interferes with your performance. This book argues to the contrary that at least optimal expert performance frequently involves the very sorts of conscious mental processes that these philosophers, psychologists, and authors recommend against.</p> <p>What is expert performance? Montero reviews and critically discusses various conceptions of experts, as those who perform automatically, have a large store of knowledge, have good reputations among peers, have domain-related experience, are quick studies, and who achieve reproducibly superior performance. But she adopts a somewhat stipulative conception of experts, as adequate for her purposes, as 'individuals who have engaged in ten or more years of deliberative practice, which means... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69429-thought-in-action-expertise-and-the-conscious-mind/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69428-parmenides-grand-deduction-a-logical-reconstruction-of-the-way-of-truth/ 2016-09-08T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-08T20:00:00-0400 Parmenides' Grand Deduction: A Logical Reconstruction of the Way of Truth Michael V. Wedin <p>2016.09.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69428-parmenides-grand-deduction-a-logical-reconstruction-of-the-way-of-truth/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Michael V. Wedin, <em>Parmenides' Grand Deduction: A Logical Reconstruction of the Way of Truth,</em> Oxford University Press, 2014, 275pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198715474.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jenny Bryan, University College London</strong></p> <p>Michael V. Wedin's stimulating monograph presents a call to arms in defence of Parmenides' status as both 'a severe arbiter of philosophical discourse' (1) and a strict monist who stands apart from and, indeed, rejects the Ionian tradition of natural philosophy. As such, it seeks to resist the increasingly popular desire to rehabilitate Parmenides' significance as a cosmologist engaged in empirical scientific investigation and the kind of qualified monism demanded by such an approach. Wedin is clear from the outset that his reading is offered as a 'logical reconstruction' (2) of Parmenides' arguments and that this concern provides the 'chief constraint' on his interpretation. His impatience with interpreters who do not abide by his interpretative criteria is clear. This critical approach, along with Wedin's commitment... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69428-parmenides-grand-deduction-a-logical-reconstruction-of-the-way-of-truth/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69427-the-cultural-promise-of-the-aesthetic/ 2016-09-07T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-07T20:00:00-0400 The Cultural Promise of the Aesthetic Monique Roelofs <p>2016.09.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69427-the-cultural-promise-of-the-aesthetic/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Monique Roelofs, <em>The Cultural Promise of the Aesthetic</em>, Bloomsbury, 2014, 271pp., $34.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781474242028.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Rev. John J. Conley, S.J., Loyola University Maryland</strong></p> <p>In this densely written work Roelofs explores a number of postmodern themes in aesthetics. Relationality, address, and the promise are especially prominent. Aesthetic relationality is one of the recurrent background motifs. In this perspective various modes of address embedded within aesthetic objects constitute promises or threats in which the viewer, reader, or listener is invited to participate, thus altering and/or being altered by the object. In this complex aesthetic universe people mediate things and things mediate people in layered aesthetic patterns.</p> <p>Questions of power and the will are never far from the surface in this account of the aesthetic. Aesthetic appreciation and interpretation involve a social agency negotiating the promises and threats of a given aesthetic object or border. The stakes are high since the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69427-the-cultural-promise-of-the-aesthetic/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69425-structure-and-the-metaphysics-of-mind-how-hylomorphism-solves-the-mind-body-problem/ 2016-09-06T22:00:00-0400 2016-09-06T22:00:00-0400 Structure and the Metaphysics of Mind: How Hylomorphism Solves the Mind-Body Problem William Jaworski <p>2016.09.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69425-structure-and-the-metaphysics-of-mind-how-hylomorphism-solves-the-mind-body-problem/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>William Jaworski, <em>Structure and the Metaphysics of Mind: How Hylomorphism Solves the Mind-Body Problem</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 361pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198749561.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by William Seager, University of Toronto</strong></p> <p>Hylomorphism is the view that natural objects are in some way amalgams of two very different sorts of things: a formless substrate of wide potential and a structuring form which makes of the substrate whatever sort of thing the resultant object is. Form in some way unifies the substrate, transforming mere potentiality into full blown actuality. Thus an oak tree and a tiger are both made of the same kind of stuff (where 'stuff' has to be read in a metaphysically thick sense) and the vast differences between them lies in how they are formed (where 'form' must refer to a significant category of being). Hylomorphism is an ancient doctrine of course. It was the direct invention of Aristotle in an exercise of self-conscious metaphysics.... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69425-structure-and-the-metaphysics-of-mind-how-hylomorphism-solves-the-mind-body-problem/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69342-cognitive-pluralism/ 2016-09-06T20:00:00-0400 2016-09-06T20:00:00-0400 Cognitive Pluralism Steven Horst <p>2016.09.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69342-cognitive-pluralism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Steven Horst, <em>Cognitive Pluralism, </em>MIT Press, 2016, 360pp. $54.00 (hbk) ISBN 9780262034234.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Bryce Huebner, Georgetown University</strong></p> <p>How is human thought structured? In remembering past events, thinking about counterfactual possibilities, or planning for the future, many people experience sentence-like descriptions of events (others seem to experience imagistic thoughts; cf., Ross 2016). It may seem obvious that these are our thoughts. But human brains do quite a bit more than manufacture and manipulate sentence-like representations. They track multiple objects in parallel, they estimate numerical values, and they reflexively parse the phonemic, phonological, morphological, and syntactic structure of familiar languages. These operations occur without conscious control. And some philosophers claim they are carried out by modular systems; these modules supposedly pass their outputs to 'central cognition', where they become the raw materials for thought. But should we say that thoughts only occur centrally, when... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69342-cognitive-pluralism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/69340-reason-and-faith-themes-from-richard-swinburne/ 2016-09-01T22:00:00-0400 2016-09-04T12:48:17-0400 Reason and Faith: Themes from Richard Swinburne Michael Bergmann and Jeffrey E. Brower (eds.) <p>2016.09.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69340-reason-and-faith-themes-from-richard-swinburne/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Michael Bergmann and Jeffrey E. Brower (eds.), <em>Reason and Faith: Themes from Richard Swinburne</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198732648.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Max Baker-Hytch, Wycliffe Hall, Oxford University</strong></p> <p>This festschrift in honour of Richard Swinburne consists of ten essays, assembled and briefly introduced by Michael Bergmann and Jeffrey E. Brower. It is the fruit of a conference which celebrated Swinburne's prolific philosophical career and which took place at Purdue University in 2014, the year of Swinburne's eightieth birthday. The conference was organized by the editors and each of the papers delivered there has made its way, presumably after some revisions, into the volume.</p> <p>Alongside Alvin Plantinga, Swinburne, it is fair to say, has been one of the most influential analytic philosophers of religion in the last forty years. His work is voluminous and spans an incredible breadth of topics. He has written more than twenty books and over two hundred articles (several of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/69340-reason-and-faith-themes-from-richard-swinburne/" >Read More</a> </p>