tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2017-09-21T20:00:00-0400 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/phenomenology-of-illness/ 2017-09-21T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-21T20:00:00-0400 Phenomenology of Illness Havi Carel <p>2017.09.19 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/phenomenology-of-illness/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Havi Carel, <em>Phenomenology of Illness,</em> Oxford University Press, 2016, 248 pp., $50.00 (hbk), ISBN 0199669651.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Luca Vanzago, University of Pavia, Italy</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The book deals, as the title explicitly states, with the phenomenology of illness. The main aim is to analyze illness as something whose experience is a universal and substantial part of human existence. At the start, Carel claims that illness, like death, raises important philosophical issues. But unlike death, illness, and in particular the experience of being ill, has received little philosophical attention.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">The reason for this neglect might reside in the fact that illness is often understood as a physiological process that falls within the domain of medical science, and is thus outside the purview of philosophy. But Carel suggests that the experience of illness has been wrongly neglected by philosophers in general, philosophers... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/phenomenology-of-illness/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/eighteenth-century-dissent-and-cambridge-platonism-reconceiving-the-philosophy-of-religion/ 2017-09-20T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-20T20:00:00-0400 Eighteenth Century Dissent and Cambridge Platonism: Reconceiving the Philosophy of Religion Louise Hickman <p>2017.09.18 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/eighteenth-century-dissent-and-cambridge-platonism-reconceiving-the-philosophy-of-religion/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">Louise Hickman, </span><em><span lang="EN-AU" style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">Eighteenth Century Dissent and Cambridge Platonism: Reconceiving the Philosophy of Religion</span></em><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">, Routledge, 2017, 211pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138652415.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Sandrine Bergès, Bilkent University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><span style="background:white">This short volume is ambitious: it aims to offer both a clear and accurate account of a little known slice of the history of philosophy, and an argument for revising the way analytic philosophers conceive of philosophy of religion. I think it succeeds, to a large extent, in doing both. In particular, Louise Hickman offers what seems to me-- a historian of philosophy but not a specialist in the philosophy of religion—useful resources for rethinking some aspects of how natural theology is read and taught.</span></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><span style="background:white">In her introduction, the author proposes that analytic philosophers fail to realize the potential of philosophy of religion by interpreting natural theology's reliance on reason as producing a... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/eighteenth-century-dissent-and-cambridge-platonism-reconceiving-the-philosophy-of-religion/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/transcendence-and-the-concrete-selected-writings/ 2017-09-19T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-19T20:00:00-0400 Transcendence and The Concrete: Selected Writings Jean Wahl <p>2017.09.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/transcendence-and-the-concrete-selected-writings/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Jean Wahl, <em>Transcendence and The Concrete: Selected Writings</em>, Alan D. Schrift and Ian Alexander Moore (eds.), Fordham University Press, 2017, 291pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780823273027.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Sean Bowden, Deakin University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Prior to the publication of this volume, and apart from William Hackett's recent translation of <em><a href="/news/human-existence-and-transcendence/">Human Existence and Transcendence</a></em> (Notre Dame 2016), there existed only a small number of Jean Wahl's works in English. A handful of essays and a monograph, <em>The Philosopher's Way</em> (1948), were written and published in English in the 1940s -- penned during Wahl's wartime exile in the US. Several French essays and books can also be found scattered here and there in English translation, albeit in editions long out of print, such as the <em>Pluralist Philosophies of England and America</em> (1925), <em>A Short History of Existentialism</em> (1949) and <em>Philosophies of Existence</em> (1968). Finally, the keen researcher will be able to track down a little... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/transcendence-and-the-concrete-selected-writings/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/inclusive-ethics-extending-beneficence-and-egalitarian-justice/ 2017-09-18T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-18T20:00:00-0400 Inclusive Ethics: Extending Beneficence and Egalitarian Justice Ingmar Persson <p>2017.09.16 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/inclusive-ethics-extending-beneficence-and-egalitarian-justice/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p><strong>Ingmar Persson, <em>Inclusive Ethics: Extending Beneficence and Egalitarian Justice</em>, Oxford University Press, 2017, 288 pp., $70.00 (hbk),</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Kaspar, St. John's University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book offers a comprehensive moral theory and applies it to a wide variety of issues. Abortion, personal identity, speciesism, death, the repugnant conclusion, prioritarianism, the philosophy of life -- all these and other topics are covered. Persson's general moral theory is a distinctive justice-respecting consequentialism aptly captured by the name 'inclusive ethics'.. Clearly more is covered by his theory than most ethicists would allow, including <em>merely possible</em> conscious beings and maggots. Its two fundamental concepts are beneficence and justice. The foundations of his theory are apparently more fully treated in his previous book, <em>From Morality to the End of Reason </em>(Oxford University Press, 2013), to which he frequently refers. What is admirable is how effortlessly Persson systematically treats the applied... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/inclusive-ethics-extending-beneficence-and-egalitarian-justice/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-illusion-of-doubt/ 2017-09-17T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-17T20:00:00-0400 The Illusion of Doubt Genia Schönbaumsfeld <p>2017.09.15 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-illusion-of-doubt/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Genia Schönbaumsfeld, <em>The Illusion of Doubt</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 177 pp., $ 60.00 (hbk), <span style="background:white">ISBN 9780198783947.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Peter Baumann, Swarthmore College</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Genia Schönbaumsfeld's original and engaging book discusses epistemic skepticism, the claim that we cannot know anything about the external world (including its existence). More precisely, she discusses and raises serious doubts about "Cartesian" skepticism which is currently the most discussed form of epistemic skepticism (though not quite what Descartes might have had in mind). Other forms of epistemic skepticism (Agrippa's Trilemma, skepticism about induction, skepticism without radical scenarios like the recently much discussed lottery-skepticism, etc.) are not discussed. I will use the short term "skepticism" for the view under discussion here.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The main culprit in Schönbaumsfeld's cases against skepticism is a "Cartesian picture" of evidence which says, roughly, the following. In the... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-illusion-of-doubt/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/kierkegaard-and-the-life-of-faith-the-aesthetic-the-ethical-and-the-religious-in-fear-and-trembling/ 2017-09-14T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-15T14:26:29-0400 Kierkegaard and the Life of Faith: The Aesthetic, the Ethical and the Religious in Fear and Trembling, Jeffrey Hanson <p>2017.09.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kierkegaard-and-the-life-of-faith-the-aesthetic-the-ethical-and-the-religious-in-fear-and-trembling/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Jeffrey Hanson, <em>Kierkegaard and the Life of Faith: The Aesthetic, the Ethical and the Religious in Fear and Trembling</em>, Indiana University Press, 2017, 245pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780253024701</strong><strong><span style="background:white">.</span></strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Ada S. Jaarsma, Mount Royal University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Søren Kierkegaard’s writings, when taken as a coherent whole, asks interpreters to make sense of tensions between Kierkegaard’s pseudonymous authors. Pseudonyms might use the same term (“aesthetic,” for example, or “ethical”) but animate them from their own existential perspectives. An aesthete’s reflections on “the ethical,” for example, differ from an ethicist’s reflections, and it falls to the readers to resolve such discrepancies by anchoring interpretations in an overarching account of Kierkegaard’s project. In his lively exegetical treatment of <em>Fear and Trembling, </em>written by pseudonymous author Johannes de Silentio, Jeffrey Hanson offers an inventive anchor for securing such coherence: he looks to the commentary of a different pseudonym, Vigilius Haufniensis, as the key to unlocking the text’s insights in ways that align... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kierkegaard-and-the-life-of-faith-the-aesthetic-the-ethical-and-the-religious-in-fear-and-trembling/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/phenomenology-and-intercultural-understanding-toward-a-new-cultural-flesh/ 2017-09-13T22:00:00-0400 2017-09-13T22:00:00-0400 Phenomenology and Intercultural Understanding: Toward a New Cultural Flesh Kwok-Ying Lau <p>2017.09.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/phenomenology-and-intercultural-understanding-toward-a-new-cultural-flesh/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Kwok-Ying Lau, <em>Phenomenology and Intercultural Understanding: Toward a New Cultural Flesh</em></strong><strong>, </strong><strong>Springer, 2016, 256pp., $109.00 (hbk), ISBN</strong><strong> </strong><strong>9783319447629.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Eric S. Nelson, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book, the fruition of twenty years of research and writing about phenomenology, carefully and insightfully traces the complex historical relations between phenomenology and non-Western thought over the last century. It also offers a critical diagnosis of the contemporary impediments to, and possibilities for, intercultural philosophy.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">One key element of Lau's argumentation is his sustained confrontation of the paradoxical relationship between phenomenology and non-Western and Asian philosophies with an original and provocative approach that is attentive and responsive to our intercultural embodiment and flesh. In particular, Lau's intercultural reinterpretation of the phenomenological notion of flesh resituates the discourse of intercultural philosophy that is dominated by the more typical discussion of intercultural communication and understanding that characteristically occurs... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/phenomenology-and-intercultural-understanding-toward-a-new-cultural-flesh/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-happiness-philosophers-the-lives-and-works-of-the-great-utilitarians/ 2017-09-13T18:00:00-0400 2017-09-13T18:00:00-0400 The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians Bart Schultz <p>2017.09.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-happiness-philosophers-the-lives-and-works-of-the-great-utilitarians/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Bart Schultz, <em>The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians</em>, Princeton University Press, 2017, 437pp., $39.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780691154770.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Phillips, University of Houston</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book is a collective intellectual biography. Bart Schultz focuses on four central figures in the utilitarian tradition: William Godwin, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Henry Sidgwick. The book consists of a short introductory chapter, substantial (roughly 50 page) chapters on Godwin and Bentham, very substantial (roughly 100 page) chapters on Mill and Sidgwick, and a short concluding chapter. Schultz is best known for his work on Sidgwick, particularly the monumental intellectual biography <em>Henry Sidgwick</em>: <em>Eye of the Universe</em>. Readers of that book will recognize some familiar themes here, including the Cambridge Apostles, clerisy, colonialism, feminism, and LGBT studies. And they will find, again, that Schultz's affinity for lengthy block quotations and close textual readings allows the voices both of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-happiness-philosophers-the-lives-and-works-of-the-great-utilitarians/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/plato-on-the-metaphysical-foundations-of-meaning-and-truth/ 2017-09-12T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-13T07:19:30-0400 Plato on the Metaphysical Foundation of Meaning and Truth Blake E. Hestir <p>2017.09.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/plato-on-the-metaphysical-foundations-of-meaning-and-truth/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Blake E. Hestir, <em>Plato on the Metaphysical Foundation of Meaning and Truth</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 270 pp., ISBN 9781107132320.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christine J. Thomas, Dartmouth College</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Some philosophers and philosophies are defined most of all by their methods. Some are defined by their results. Plato's philosophy is remarkable for both. Blake Hestir's book admirably attends to the interaction between one of Plato's most important argumentative strategies and the substantive results of deploying that strategy. Plato relies on what Hestir calls "grounding arguments" to defend the view that the possibilities of meaning, predication and truth require entities that are stable (i.e. one and the same in at least one respect) yet also complex and combined to yield a "dynamically structured", "eternally actualizing" metaphysical foundation. According to Hestir, Plato's view that truth is a substantive (though atypical and nonrelational) property of statements finds its support in his realism about... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/plato-on-the-metaphysical-foundations-of-meaning-and-truth/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/visual-phenomenology/ 2017-09-11T22:00:00-0400 2017-09-12T20:08:19-0400 Visual Phenomenology Michael Madary <p>2017.09.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/visual-phenomenology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Michael Madary,<em> Visual Phenomenology</em>, MIT Press, 2016, 247pp., $45.00 (hbk), </strong><strong><span style="letter-spacing:.25pt">ISBN: <span style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">9780262035453.</span></span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Susanna Siegel, Harvard University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The central thesis of this book is that "visual perception is an ongoing process of anticipation and fulfillment." Madary calls this conclusion "AF", and the book is organized around a two-premise argument for it:</p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:40px; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">P1. The phenomenology of vision is best described as an ongoing process of anticipation and fulfillment.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:40px; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">P2. There are strong empirical reasons to model vision using the general form of anticipation and fulfillment.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:40px; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Conclusion (AF): Visual perception is an ongoing process of anticipation and fulfillment.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Madary devotes Part I to defending phenomenological analyses of the dynamic and perspectival aspects of visual experience that he takes to support premise 1, and Part... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/visual-phenomenology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/pragmatism-and-objectivity-essays-sparked-by-the-work-of-nicholas-rescher/ 2017-09-11T18:00:00-0400 2017-09-11T18:00:00-0400 Pragmatism and Objectivity: Essays Sparked by the Work of Nicholas Rescher Sami Pihlström (ed.) <p>2017.09.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/pragmatism-and-objectivity-essays-sparked-by-the-work-of-nicholas-rescher/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><span style="text-autospace:none"><strong>Sami Pihlstr</strong><strong>ö</strong><strong>m</strong><strong> (ed.), <em>Pragmatism and Objectivity: Essays Sparked by the Work of Nicholas Rescher</em>, Routledge, 2017, ix+282 pp., </strong><strong>$</strong><strong> 140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138655232.</strong></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michele Marsonet, University of Genoa</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><span style="text-autospace:none">In this collection of 14 essays many aspects of classical and contemporary pragmatism are examined with reference, at least in most cases, to the work of Nicholas Rescher. Usually, those who are interested in pragmatism from an historical point of view tend to forget that, from the beginning, a substantial polarity is present in this tradition of thought. It is a dichotomy between what Rescher calls "pragmatism of the left", i.e. a flexible type of pragmatism which endorses a greatly enhanced cognitive relativism, and a "pragmatism of the right", a different position that sees the pragmatist stance as a source of cognitive security. Both positions are eager to assure pluralism in the cognitive enterprise and in the concrete conduct of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/pragmatism-and-objectivity-essays-sparked-by-the-work-of-nicholas-rescher/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/epistemology/ 2017-09-10T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-10T20:00:00-0400 Epistemology Ernest Sosa <p>2017.09.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/epistemology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong><span lang="EN-GB" style="background:white">Ernest Sosa, </span></strong><strong><em><span lang="EN-GB" style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">Epistemology</span></em></strong><strong><span lang="EN-GB" style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">, Princeton University Press, 2017, 235pp., $29.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780691137490. </span></strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Adam Carter, University of Glasgow</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This is, among other merits, the best epistemology textbook for advanced undergrads of which I'm aware. It certainly starts off with a bang: right from the first chapter, Sosa more-or-less tells you that much of what you've taken for granted about Descartes' epistemological project in the <em>Meditations </em>is mistaken -- or at the very least, overlooks key pieces of the picture that, once in place, help to unlock Descartes' deeper agenda. On Sosa's preferred, Pyrrhonian-style virtue-theoretic reading of the <em>Meditations</em>, the notions of <em>judgment</em>, <em>aptness</em>, and <em>competence</em> take centre stage in Descartes' project, as does the distinction between two very different levels, first-order and second-order, of epistemic performance (and, accordingly, of <em>belief</em>).</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in;... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/epistemology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/analytic-philosophy-an-interpretive-history/ 2017-09-07T22:00:00-0400 2017-09-07T22:00:00-0400 Analytic Philosophy: An Interpretive History Aaron Preston (ed.) <p>2017.09.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/analytic-philosophy-an-interpretive-history/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Aaron Preston (ed.), <em>Analytic Philosophy: An Interpretive History</em>, Routledge, 2017, viii + 287 pp., $ 49.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781138800793</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Johannes L. Brandl, University of Salzburg</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">As an increasing number of monographs, handbooks, and collections on the subject matter testify, the study of the history of analytic philosophy is in full swing.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title=""><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super"><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super">[1]</span></span></a> This volume is a valuable addition to this growing literature, with a lucid introduction by the editor and seventeen contributions by distinguished scholars, all of which demonstrate a high quality in content and are written in excellent prose.<a href="#_edn2" name="_ednref2" title=""><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super"><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super">[2]</span></span></a> Although each chapter has its own agenda, a common theme runs through the book. The authors combat a narrow-minded, but still popular, conception of analytic philosophy based on a simplistic interpretation of the revolt against idealism, the linguistic turn, and the neo-positivist rejection... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/analytic-philosophy-an-interpretive-history/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/kants-modal-metaphysics/ 2017-09-07T18:00:00-0400 2017-09-08T12:48:05-0400 Kant's Modal Metaphysics Nicholas F. Stang <p>2017.09.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kants-modal-metaphysics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Nicholas F. Stang, <em>Kant's Modal Metaphysics</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 352pp., $74.00 (hbk), </strong><strong>ISBN </strong><strong><span style="background:white">9780198712626</span></strong><strong>.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Andrew Chignell, University of Pennsylvania</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The dust jacket of this book features anatomical drawings of a narwhal and a unicorn. They are Kant's own examples: he says that we can't tell just by looking at the drawings (or considering our concepts) which of these animals <em>actually</em> exists. We have to go and investigate. But are we able to tell, just by considering our concepts, whether narwahls or unicorns are at least <em>possible</em>?</p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">A "logicist," in Nicholas Stang's terminology, says yes: whether or not something is possible is entirely a function of the <em>logical </em>relations between the predicates contained in its concept. So if the concept &lt;<em>unicorn</em>&gt;<em> </em>contains a (hidden or explicit) contradiction, then unicorns are impossible. Conversely, if there is no contradiction... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kants-modal-metaphysics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/new-romantic-cyborgs-romanticism-information-technology-and-the-end-of-the-machine/ 2017-09-06T22:00:00-0400 2017-09-06T22:00:00-0400 New Romantic Cyborgs: Romanticism, Information Technology, and the End of the Machine Mark Coeckelbergh <p>2017.09.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/new-romantic-cyborgs-romanticism-information-technology-and-the-end-of-the-machine/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Mark Coeckelbergh, <em>New Romantic Cyborgs: Romanticism, Information Technology, and the End of the Machine</em>, MIT Press, 2017, 320 pp., $50.00 (hbk), </strong><strong><span lang="EN-GB" style="letter-spacing:.5pt">ISBN <span style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">9780262035460</span></span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Andrew Pickering, University of Exeter</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The title of Mark Coeckelbergh's book is somewhat deceptive. I approached it from an interest in cyborgs and information technology, but I learned little new about them. Instead, I learned more than I wanted about romanticism. Part I of the book, a third of the text, is about the history of romanticism in the 18th and 19th centuries, running from Jean-Jacques Rousseau to William Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement, and then into the 20th century with Max Weber, Martin Heidegger, Walter Benjamin and Leo Marx, and even a surprising nod to Rachel Carson, the scientist who analysed the risks of chemical agriculture in her 1962 book, <em>Silent Spring</em> (91).</p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Before I picked up <em>New Romantic Cyborgs</em>,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/new-romantic-cyborgs-romanticism-information-technology-and-the-end-of-the-machine/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/peirces-empiricism-its-roots-and-its-originality/ 2017-09-06T18:00:00-0400 2017-09-06T18:00:00-0400 Peirce's Empiricism: Its Roots and Its Originality Aaron Bruce Wilson <p>2017.09.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/peirces-empiricism-its-roots-and-its-originality/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Aaron Bruce Wilson, <em>Peirce's Empiricism: Its Roots and Its Originality, </em>Lexington Books, 2016, 343pp., $110.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781498510340.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Bruce Aune, University of Massachusetts Amherst</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Peirce developed a comprehensive philosophical system that addressed fundamental questions about reality, mind, knowledge, and values in a critical, analytical way. Although he attempted more than once to expound the system in a unified form, he never succeeded. There has been considerable scholarly dispute about the extent to which the various parts of his system do in fact form a consistent and comprehensive whole, but Wilson believes that a sufficiently careful reading of Peirce's writings, combined with a judicious comparison of passages from different sources, supports an affirmative view. Wilson attempts to show that the resulting system, though it encompasses metaphysical as well as normative elements, will not assign an a priori status to anything: the epistemic basis for the entire... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/peirces-empiricism-its-roots-and-its-originality/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/wittgenstein-and-merleau-ponty/ 2017-09-05T22:00:00-0400 2017-09-05T22:00:00-0400 Wittgenstein and Merleau-Ponty Komarine Romdenh-Romluc (ed.) <p>2017.09.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/wittgenstein-and-merleau-ponty/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Komarine Romdenh-Romluc<em> </em>(ed.), <em>Wittgenstein and Merleau-Ponty</em>, Routledge, 2017, 178pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780415625128.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jack Reynolds, Deakin University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Few would dispute that two of the great philosophers of the twentieth century were Ludwig Wittgenstein and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, despite their lives both being cut short. In this new edited collection, we are presented with eight quality papers that grapple with their philosophical relations, touching indirectly on issues relating to the analytic and continental/phenomenological movements that they have both been associated with. They address a wide variety of topics, including Gestalt psychology, expression, "mind-reading" and perception of other people, social and political philosophy (conservative or otherwise), solipsism and the first-person perspective, painting and vision, linguistic and perceptual indeterminacy, naturalism, and knowledge and certainty. The essays are written by some of the best scholars in the field, including Romdenh-Romluc herself, as well... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/wittgenstein-and-merleau-ponty/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/lockes-image-of-the-world/ 2017-09-05T18:00:00-0400 2017-09-05T18:00:00-0400 Locke's Image of the World Michael Jacovides <p>2017.09.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/lockes-image-of-the-world/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Michael Jacovides, <em>Locke's Image of the World</em>, Oxford University Press, 2017, 231 pp., $70 (hbk), ISBN 9780198789864.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Matthew Stuart, Bowdoin College</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Michael Jacovides thinks that the best way to understand Locke's philosophy is to see it in relation to the science of his day. That is not a new idea, but Jacovides pursues it with erudition and panache in this illuminating and provocative book.</p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"> </p> <p style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Nearly everyone agrees that we need to know something about the theories of Locke's scholastic predecessors, and of his friends and contemporaries Boyle and Newton, if we are to fully understand what he says, and why he says what he does, about perception, primary and secondary qualities, and real and nominal essences. In the last few decades, some have gone further, making the relation of physical theory to philosophical... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/lockes-image-of-the-world/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/fichtes-ethical-thought/ 2017-09-04T20:00:00-0400 2017-09-04T20:00:00-0400 Fichte's Ethical Thought Allen W. Wood <p>2017.09.01 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fichtes-ethical-thought/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><span style="vertical-align:baseline"><strong><span lang="EN-AU" style="border:none windowtext 1.0pt; padding:0in">Allen W. Wood, <em>Fichte's Ethical Thought</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 321 pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198766889.</span></strong></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Baur, Fordham University</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom:8pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><span style="vertical-align:baseline">This is the third of three books Allen Wood has written on ethical thought in the tradition of German Idealism. The other two -- <em>Hegel's Ethical Thought</em> (1990) and <em>Kant's Ethical Thought</em> (1999) -- focus on two thinkers often understood to represent the starting-point and the ending-point of German Idealism. Wood's aim in this third book is to show that Fichte is not just one more philosopher among others in a neatly-defined tradition known as German Idealism, and, more emphatically, that Fichte's thought cannot be adequately understood if it is characterized merely as a way station on a philosophical path that leads more-or-less directly from Kant to Hegel. By the end, Wood has told us enough to make genuinely serious... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fichtes-ethical-thought/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-cambridge-companion-to-fichte/ 2017-08-31T22:00:00-0400 2017-08-31T22:00:00-0400 The Cambridge Companion to Fichte David James and Günter Zöller (eds.) <p>2017.08.17 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-cambridge-companion-to-fichte/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="1normal"><strong>David James and Günter Z</strong><strong>ö</strong><strong>ller (eds.), <em>The Cambridge Companion to Fichte</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 419 pp., $110.00 (hbk.), ISBN 9780521472265.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Angelica Nuzzo, Graduate Center, City University of New York</strong></p> <p class="1normal">As in all "companion" volumes -- a genre that has become increasingly popular in recent years -- this book offers an overarching account of Johann Gottlieb Fichte's philosophy that addresses the historical context, the main systematic issues, and the different disciplinary fields of his thought, and also gives an overview of its successive reception (from the contemporary debate in Fichte's own time to today's reception in the philosophy of mind). Such an overarching account is particularly important and useful in the case of a philosopher who never published an organized "system," as his contemporary Hegel did, or whose philosophy does not seem to have followed a clearly outlined progressive development, such as Kant's critical thought. In addition, given the historical position that Fichte occupies... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-cambridge-companion-to-fichte/" >Read More</a> </p>