tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2017-02-20T20:00:00-0500 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-wrong-of-injustice-dehumanization-and-its-role-in-feminist-philosophy/ 2017-02-20T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-20T20:00:00-0500 The Wrong of Injustice: Dehumanization and its Role in Feminist Philosophy Mari Mikkola <p>2017.02.14 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-wrong-of-injustice-dehumanization-and-its-role-in-feminist-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Mari Mikkola, <em>The Wrong of Injustice: Dehumanization and its Role in Feminist Philosophy</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 285pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780190601089.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by John Gardner, University of Oxford</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Mari Mikkola's book has two parts, one negative and the other positive. The negative part documents the failure of attempts to provide a satisfactory 'thick' account of the concept of a woman. The positive part argues that the wrongfulness of various actions is owed to the fact that they are dehumanizing. One may ask why these two seemingly disparate projects are juxtaposed in a single book. The answer is that the book as a whole aims to draw feminists away from debates about what it is to be a woman, and towards debates about how we should treat human beings. That does not mean paying less attention to the predicament of women. There can be 'humanist feminism' (44), because 'every first-order moral theory should... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-wrong-of-injustice-dehumanization-and-its-role-in-feminist-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/rousseaus-ethics-of-truth-a-sublime-science-of-simple-souls/ 2017-02-19T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-19T20:00:00-0500 Rousseau's Ethics of Truth: A Sublime Science of Simple Souls Jason Neidleman <p>2017.02.13 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rousseaus-ethics-of-truth-a-sublime-science-of-simple-souls/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Jason Neidleman, <em>Rousseau's Ethics of Truth: A Sublime Science of Simple Souls</em>, Routledge, 2017, 250pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138654785.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christopher Bertram, University of Bristol</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Philosophical engagement with the work of Rousseau has undergone a revival in the anglophone world over the past forty years. Philosophers including N. J. H. Dent, Frederick Neuhouser and Joshua Cohen have discovered more attractive and interesting readings of his moral psychology and political philosophy than were fashionable in an earlier generation that often understood Rousseau as a primitivist or as a proto-totalitarian. But even these new readings of Rousseau have struggled to establish coherence across the full range of his writings, often preferring to concentrate on the moral psychology alone and on a limited number of core texts, particularly the <em>Discourse on Inequality</em>, <em>Emile</em> and the <em>Social Contract</em>.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">By focusing on these texts, it is possible to see Rousseau as exploring a... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rousseaus-ethics-of-truth-a-sublime-science-of-simple-souls/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/adam-smith-his-life-thought-and-legacy/ 2017-02-16T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-16T20:00:00-0500 Adam Smith: His Life, Thought, and Legacy Ryan Patrick Hanley (ed.) <p>2017.02.12 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/adam-smith-his-life-thought-and-legacy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Ryan Patrick Hanley (ed.), <em>Adam Smith: His Life, Thought, and Legacy</em>, Princeton University Press, 2015, 571pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780691154053.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Robert Fudge, Weber State University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Among the collections on Adam Smith that have appeared in recent years, this volume, compiled by Ryan Patrick Hanley, stands out because of both its scope and purpose. Each of the offering's 32 selections is short (roughly 12 pages each, not including notes or bibliography) and is intended to introduce some aspect of Smith's thought to those not already well versed in his writings. The contributors represent an impressive cross-section of Smith scholars, and the quality is consistently high throughout. The volume consists of five well-devised sections, and each piece concludes with a helpful narrative bibliography. Despite its virtues, however, the collection suffers from one major shortcoming -- almost no mention is made of Smith's thoughts on aesthetics and beauty, despite the prominent role... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/adam-smith-his-life-thought-and-legacy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/excursions-with-thoreau-philosophy-poetry-religion/ 2017-02-15T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-15T20:00:00-0500 Excursions with Thoreau: Philosophy, Poetry, Religion Edward F. Mooney <p>2017.02.11 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/excursions-with-thoreau-philosophy-poetry-religion/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Edward F. Mooney,<em> Excursions with Thoreau: Philosophy, Poetry, Religion</em>, Bloomsbury, 2015, 274pp., $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781501305641.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Stanley Bates, Middlebury College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This is, from my point of view, a delightful book. It consists of 15 chapters, 12 of which are "heavily revised" versions of previously published essays, and three brief closing sections. It is addressed to those who are at least somewhat familiar with the work of Thoreau, and who will take seriously the idea that his work is relevant to philosophy. The philosopher who is most responsible for the existence of such readers is, of course, Stanley Cavell, and Cavell is a continuing background to, and inspiration for, Edward F. Mooney's work. However, his focus is somewhat different. Cavell concentrated on <em>Walden</em> in his <em>The Senses of Walden</em>, because he found it to have been dramatically underread. Mooney refers to, and occasionally quotes from,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/excursions-with-thoreau-philosophy-poetry-religion/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/images-of-history-kant-benjamin-freedom-and-the-human-subject/ 2017-02-14T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-14T20:00:00-0500 Images of History: Kant, Benjamin, Freedom and the Human Subject Richard Eldridge <p>2017.02.10 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/images-of-history-kant-benjamin-freedom-and-the-human-subject/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Richard Eldridge, <em>Images of History: Kant, Benjamin, Freedom and the Human Subject</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 235pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190605322.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Richard Velkley, Tulane University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Richard Eldridge has written original, illuminating and highly regarded books on Wittgenstein, Romanticism, the philosophy of art and modernism in the arts. His philosophic themes and problematic have debts he readily avows to Stanley Cavell.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">In a manner recalling Cavell, Eldridge shows the philosophic import of authors and questions usually placed on the periphery of philosophy. His first book, on Wittgenstein, exposes affinities between that philosopher and the thought of Goethe and Romantic philosophy. In the present work he relates the central pillar of philosophic modernity, Kant, to a writer rarely considered a philosopher by analytically trained Anglophone philosophers, Walter Benjamin. In the course of his study one becomes acquainted with Kant as deeply engaged with history as a realm of critical-conjectural use... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/images-of-history-kant-benjamin-freedom-and-the-human-subject/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/ronic-life/ 2017-02-13T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-13T20:00:00-0500 Ironic Life Richard J. Bernstein <p>2017.02.09 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/ronic-life/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p><strong>Richard J. Bernstein, <em>Ironic Life</em>, Polity, 2016, 167pp., $22.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781509505739.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Barry Allen, McMaster University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The word "irony" has a standard use, explained in the typical dictionary entry, modeled after Quintilian, of speech whose meaning is contrary to its words. The speaker's words mean one thing, but the speaker means something else, usually the opposite. So it is not challenging to define irony abstractly. A more challenging problem is to describe how it is used. For that we can consult studies of irony in works of literature (Northrop Frye and Wayne C. Booth, for instance). For the use of irony in philosophical writing, we can read work in Continental philosophy on Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Schlegel, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Walter Benjamin. A third problem concerns the value of irony. Irony can be more than a figure of speech, and its... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/ronic-life/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/developing-the-virtues-integrating-perspectives/ 2017-02-12T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-12T20:00:00-0500 Developing the Virtues: Integrating Perspectives Julia Annas, Darcia Narvaez, and Nancy E. Snow (eds.) <p>2017.02.08 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/developing-the-virtues-integrating-perspectives/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Julia Annas, Darcia Narvaez, and Nancy E. Snow (eds.), <em>Developing the Virtues: Integrating Perspectives</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 309pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190271466.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Susan A. Stark, Bates College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">The last 60 years has seen a resurgence of interest in virtue theory, especially by philosophers, psychologists, and theologians. For some of that time, each discipline worked in isolation. But recently, these disciplines have been listening and talking to one another; the result is an emerging view of virtue that is empirically informed as well as philosophically and theologically relevant. But even during this time of increased collaboration, still the idea of developing the virtues has been overlooked. This interdisciplinary volume begins to fill this gap.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">It brings together experts in philosophy, psychology, and theology and is an outgrowth of the "Notre Dame Symposium on Virtue and Its Development." The aim of that symposium and this volume is to foster not simply collaboration... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/developing-the-virtues-integrating-perspectives/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/life-of-plato-and-on-plato-first-alcibiades-1-9-and-olympiodorus-on-plato-first-alcibiades-10-28/ 2017-02-09T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-09T20:00:00-0500 Life of Plato and On Plato First Alcibiades 1-9 Olympiodorus, Michael Griffin (tr.) <p>2017.02.07 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/life-of-plato-and-on-plato-first-alcibiades-1-9-and-olympiodorus-on-plato-first-alcibiades-10-28/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Olympiodoru<em>s, Life of Plato and On Plato First Alcibiades 1-9</em>, Michael Griffin (tr.), Bloomsbury, 2015, 245pp., $39.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781474295642.</p><p>Olympiodorus, On Plato First Alcibiades 10-28, Michael Griffin (tr.), Bloomsbury, 2016, 231pp., $122.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781472583994.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Dirk Baltzly, University of Tasmania</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Olympiodorus was a teacher of Platonic philosophy in Alexandria in the first half of the 6<sup>th</sup> century CE. It seems likely that he was the last occupant of the chair in Platonic philosophy in that city who was not at least notionally Christian. In these two volumes, Michael Griffin translates Olympiodorus' commentary on the <em>Alcibiades I</em> attributed to Plato. Though the Greek text was edited by L. G. Westerink in 1956, Griffin's is the first modern language translation of Olympiodorus' work.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">First let us consider the dialogue that Olympiodorus discusses, since it will be one that is unfamiliar to many readers of Plato. The attribution of <em>Alcibiades I</em> to Plato was called into question by 19<sup>th</sup>-century German scholars. Friedrich Schleiermacher... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/life-of-plato-and-on-plato-first-alcibiades-1-9-and-olympiodorus-on-plato-first-alcibiades-10-28/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/of-reality-the-purposes-of-philosophy/ 2017-02-08T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-08T20:00:00-0500 Of Reality: The Purposes of Philosophy Gianni Vattimo <p>2017.02.06 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/of-reality-the-purposes-of-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Gianni Vattimo, <em>Of Reality: The Purposes of Philosophy</em>, Robert T. Valgenti (tr.), Columbia University Press, 2016, 235pp., $35.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780231166966.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by  David Vessey, Grand Valley State University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Writers are often told to wait to write their introduction until they have finished their book, for only then do they know all they are going to say. In <em>O</em><em>f Reality </em>Gianni Vattimo, after dozens of books and decades of philosophical and political leadership in Italy, has written the best introduction to his work. Especially in his Gifford Lectures and the accompanying essays, Vattimo clearly sums up his thinking. He reintroduces many of the key positions he argued for in the 70s, 80s, and 90s, thematically connecting them with his political and religious work from the first part of the twentieth century. There are no new views here; instead he focuses on pushing his nihilistic rejection of any absolutes to its most consistent, systematic,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/of-reality-the-purposes-of-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/citizen-killings-liberalism-state-policy-and-moral-risk/ 2017-02-07T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-07T20:00:00-0500 Citizen Killings: Liberalism, State Policy and Moral Risk Deane-Peter Baker <p>2017.02.05 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/citizen-killings-liberalism-state-policy-and-moral-risk/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Deane-Peter Baker, <em>Citizen Killings: Liberalism, State Policy and Moral Risk</em>, Bloomsbury, 2016, 156pp., $29.95 (pbk), ISBN 9781472575425.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jason Brennan, Georgetown University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Deane-Peter Baker defines citizen-killings as "state-sanctioned (that is, legally permitted) killings conducted by people who are not agents of the state agent." (2) Consider these two sets of questions:</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-left:.5in">1. <em>Ethics: </em>What is morally permissible for you to do? May you have an abortion? Own a gun? Travel overseas to wage a private war against the Islamic State? Assist someone who is terminally ill, or simply bored, in committing suicide?<br> 2. <em>Politics: </em>What should the state <em>permit</em> or <em>forbid</em> citizens from doing? Should it allow or forbid abortion and infanticide? Should it allow citizens to own a gun, fight a private war, or assist others in committing suicide?</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The first set asks about what citizens may do; the second set asks... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/citizen-killings-liberalism-state-policy-and-moral-risk/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/fixing-reference/ 2017-02-06T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-06T20:00:00-0500 Fixing Reference Imogen Dickie <p>2017.02.04 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fixing-reference/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Imogen Dickie, <em>Fixing Reference</em>, Oxford University Press, 2015, 333pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198755616.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Eros Corazza, The University of the Basque Country</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">In this challenging and welcome contribution, Imogen Dickie presents an interesting account of a rich debate that has occupied, among others, philosophers of language and mind over the last few decades. The debate concerns how our thoughts and utterances relate to the objects we end up thinking and talking about. If I say "Donald Trump is the new president of the USA" or "He (pointing to Trump) is the new president of the USA", I am, from an intuitive viewpoint, saying the same thing -- that Donald Trump is the new president of the USA -- and I am thinking about the same individual -- my thoughts are about Donald Trump. The same is true if Trump utters "I am the new president of... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fixing-reference/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/aquinass-theory-of-perception-an-analytic-reconstruction/ 2017-02-05T18:00:00-0500 2017-02-05T18:00:00-0500 Aquinas's Theory of Perception: An Analytic Reconstruction Anthony J. Lisska <p>2017.02.03 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/aquinass-theory-of-perception-an-analytic-reconstruction/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Anthony J. Lisska, <em>Aquinas's Theory of Perception: An Analytic Reconstruction</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 353pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198777908<span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">.</span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Paul Symington, Franciscan University of Steubenville</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Aristotle's theory of perception in general, and Aquinas's view in particular, are of increasing interest to students of Aquinas's system of thought, especially for those interested in adapting these views to more contemporary treatments in the philosophy of mind. These views bring together accounts of sensation that have intuitive teleological and formal structures, while pointing to important embodied components to complete the accounts. Unfortunately, Aquinas is not always absolutely clear on the meaning of the terms that he employs to explain his theory of perception and his writings on the topic are interspersed throughout his corpus. In this book Anthony J. Lisska does an admirable job not only of compiling relevant texts that address the nuts-and-bolts of Aquinas's theory, but also of interpreting them... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/aquinass-theory-of-perception-an-analytic-reconstruction/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/n-defense-of-conciliar-christology-a-philosophical-essay/ 2017-02-02T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-02T20:00:00-0500 In Defense of Conciliar Christology: A Philosophical Essay Timothy Pawl <p>2017.02.02 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/n-defense-of-conciliar-christology-a-philosophical-essay/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Timothy Pawl, <em>In Defense of Conciliar Christology: A Philosophical Essay</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 251pp., $110.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198765929.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by William J. Abraham, Southern Methodist University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This volume is an outstanding contribution to the literature in Analytic Theology that has officially taken off over the last ten years or so. I shall lodge a caveat at the end, but nothing I say at that point takes away from my initial evaluation. This is work is a rigorous defense of central theological elements in the Christian tradition; it is first rate in content and execution.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Timothy Pawl's central goal is to show that the Christological claims articulated in the decisions of the Ecumenical Councils are coherent; they do not involve any contradictions. This is a bold enterprise that does not resort to an appeal to mystery, a move that one often finds in Christian theology across the centuries.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">The... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/n-defense-of-conciliar-christology-a-philosophical-essay/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/all-thoughts-are-equal-laruelle-and-nonhuman-philosophy/ 2017-02-01T20:00:00-0500 2017-02-05T17:33:18-0500 All Thoughts Are Equal: Laruelle and Nonhuman Philosophy John Ó Maoilearca <p>2017.02.01 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/all-thoughts-are-equal-laruelle-and-nonhuman-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">John Ó Maoilearca, <em>All Thoughts Are Equal: Laruelle and Nonhuman Philosophy</em>, University of Minnesota Press, 2015, 375pp., $30.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780816697359.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Anthony Paul Smith, La Salle University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Hyperbole might lead one to claim that today, more than ever, the question of equality is of the upmost ethical importance and that philosophers must attend to that question if they wish to remain relevant. The truth is that the demand and cry for equality has long been sounded and long gone unanswered by the powers of this world. Furthermore philosophers have largely constructed a philosophy of inequality through their practice of distinction or decision (from the Latin <em>decidere</em>, literally meaning to "to cut off"). What would it mean to take the demand and anguished cry for equality seriously, not only as a political and ethical demand, but as a demand for the performance of thinking itself? In this book,<em> </em>John Ó Maoilearca cautions... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/all-thoughts-are-equal-laruelle-and-nonhuman-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/god-and-cosmos-moral-truth-and-human-meaning/ 2017-01-31T20:00:00-0500 2017-01-31T20:00:00-0500 God and Cosmos: Moral Truth and Human Meaning David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls <p>2017.01.25 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/god-and-cosmos-moral-truth-and-human-meaning/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p align="left" class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="text-align:left">David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls, <em>God and Cosmos: Moral Truth and Human Meaning</em>, Oxford University Press, 2016, 329pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780199931217.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Christian B. Miller, Wake Forest University</strong></p> <p align="left" class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="text-align:left">David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls describe their latest book as a companion to their earlier <em>Good God</em> (OUP 2011). In their prior work, they had outlined a version of divine command theory about deontological moral properties, while appealing to God's character to ground axiological properties. They also defended their account against objections. Here, their project is rather different: "This book is our effort to advance a cumulative abductive moral argument for God's existence" (8). The result is a very lively and interesting discussion of why, on their view, the existence of a theistic God best explains a number of facets of the moral life.</p> <p align="left" class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="text-align:left">First, I briefly clarify in more detail Baggett and Walls's project of offering an... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/god-and-cosmos-moral-truth-and-human-meaning/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/rightness-as-fairness-a-moral-and-political-theory/ 2017-01-30T20:00:00-0500 2017-01-30T20:00:00-0500 Rightness as Fairness: A Moral and Political Theory Marcus Arvan <p>2017.01.24 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rightness-as-fairness-a-moral-and-political-theory/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Marcus Arvan, <em>Rightness as Fairness: A Moral and Political Theory</em>, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 271pp., $100.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781137541802.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by  Richard Dees, University of Rochester</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Marcus Arvan sets an ambitious project for himself. Using constraints on theory construction modeled on the sciences, he formulates a new moral theory that is supposed to solve all the controversial issues that have always surrounded ethics.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">Leaning heavily on the claim that theories must have "Firm Foundations" -- i.e. that they must be "based on common human observation -- or observations that are taken to be obvious, incontrovertible fact by all or almost all observers" (15-16), Arvan claims that only instrumentalism qualifies as a possible theory of normativity. Only means-end rationality, he argues, is accepted by everyone as obviously true. Such a position leads either to some form of egoism or to an attempt to derive morality from self-interest. In effect, Arvan... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/rightness-as-fairness-a-moral-and-political-theory/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-oxford-handbook-of-philosophical-methodology/ 2017-01-29T20:00:00-0500 2017-01-29T20:00:00-0500 The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology Herman Cappelen, Tamar Szabó Gendler, and John Hawthorne (eds.) <p>2017.01.23 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-oxford-handbook-of-philosophical-methodology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Herman Cappelen, Tamar Szabó Gendler, and John Hawthorne (eds.), <em>The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Methodology</em>, Oxford University Press,2016, 752pp., $150.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199668779.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Matthew C. Haug, The College of William &amp; Mary</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">What is methodology? The editors of this outstanding and timely volume tell us in the preface that many contributors asked them how exactly they would answer this question, and they say that they gave "deliberately non-committal responses" (v). One potential motivation for the contributors' question is that the word 'methodology' is ambiguous. Etymology suggests that it means the (discipline devoted to the) study of method, but the term is also sometimes used merely as a synonym for the word 'method' itself. In his introductory essay to the book, Josh Dever calls the latter a "lower-order" reading, according to which philosophical methodology includes such things as using thought experiments to test conceptual analyses (3). The former reading is then a "higher-order" one, according to which... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-oxford-handbook-of-philosophical-methodology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/fichtes-foundations-of-natural-right-a-critical-guide/ 2017-01-26T20:00:00-0500 2017-01-31T09:59:13-0500 Fichte's Foundations of Natural Right: A Critical Guide Gabriel Gottlieb (ed.) <p>2017.01.22 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fichtes-foundations-of-natural-right-a-critical-guide/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p>Gabriel Gottlieb (ed.), <em>Fichte's </em>Foundations of Natural Right<em>: A Critical Guide</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 272pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107078147.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by George di Giovanni, McGill University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">This collection of twelve uniformly instructive essays is intended as a guide to Fichte's <em>Foundations of Natural Right</em> (1796). It is a welcome contribution to the current burgeoning Fichte scholarship. Two issues run across the collection. One is the relation of Fichte's concept of right to the moral law as defined by Kant's categorical imperative. The other is Fichte's attempted derivation of the concept from the absolute I, in the course of which he introduces the further concept of "summon" to define the specifically legal relation of individual to individual in society. This "summon" is perhaps the most characteristic feature of Fichte's theory of right. In one way or another, all the contributors have to come to terms with it. But, precisely because they... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/fichtes-foundations-of-natural-right-a-critical-guide/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/foucault-and-the-politics-of-rights/ 2017-01-25T20:00:00-0500 2017-01-25T20:00:00-0500 Foucault and the Politics of Rights Ben Golder <p>2017.01.21 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/foucault-and-the-politics-of-rights/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Ben Golder, <em>Foucault and the Politics of Rights</em>, Stanford University Press, 2015, 246pp., $24.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780804796491.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Andrew Dilts, Loyola Marymount University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Rights, as Wendy Brown (drawing on Gayatri Spivak) correctly notes, "certainly . . . <em>appear</em> as that which we cannot not want."<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title="">[1]</a> They promise protection from domination and oppression, and even liberation, but these promises are made on necessarily normalizing terms. As Brown puts it, "That which we cannot not want is also that which ensnares us in the terms of our domination."<a href="#_edn2" name="_ednref2" title="">[2]</a> And rights, at least in their dominant liberal and legal formations in the Western political order, are rightly the very things which demand the vigilance of "persistent critique."<a href="#_edn3" name="_ednref3" title="">[3]</a></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">As Ben Golder -- in his careful, timely, and excellent book<em> -- </em>puts it, "If they [rights] are sometimes effective in redirecting and... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/foucault-and-the-politics-of-rights/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/chance-in-evolution/ 2017-01-24T20:00:00-0500 2017-01-25T21:57:08-0500 Chance in Evolution Grant Ramsey and Charles H. Pence (eds.) <p>2017.01.20 : <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/chance-in-evolution/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic">Grant Ramsey and Charles H. Pence (eds.), <em>Chance in Evolution</em>, University of Chicago Press, 2016, 359pp., $45.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780226401881.</p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Timothy Shanahan, Loyola Marymount University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle">Ever since the eminent astronomer Sir John Herschel over a century-and-a-half ago dismissed Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection as "the law of higglety-pigglety," the role of <em>chance</em> in Darwin's theory and in evolution itself has been controversial. Arguably even more than natural selection, it is the chance element in Darwin's theory that distinguishes it from previous evolutionary theories and that leads a substantial percentage of Americans to reject it. It also turns out to be an especially vexed conceptual issue for biologists and philosophers trying to understand the processes and products of evolution. But what, precisely, is "chance" within the context of evolutionary biology, and what forms does it take in evolutionary processes?</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT">This book brings together twelve essays by historians,... <br /> <p><a href="http://ndpr.nd.edu/news/chance-in-evolution/" >Read More</a> </p>