tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2020-12-10T08:20:00-0500 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/structural-injustice-power-advantage-and-human-rights/ 2020-12-10T08:20:00-0500 2020-12-10T08:20:28-0500 Structural Injustice: Power, Advantage, and Human Rights Madison Powers and Ruth Faden <p>2020.12.01 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/structural-injustice-power-advantage-and-human-rights/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Madison Powers and Ruth Faden, <em>Structural Injustice: Power, Advantage, and Human Rights</em>, Oxford University Press, 2019, 306pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190053987.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Robert Guay, Binghamton University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Structural injustice is a compelling topic. This is in part because its currency in contemporary discourse has exceeded the intensity of its philosophical discussion. Claims of structural injustice are increasingly familiar, but this has not been prompted by theoretical developments; if anything, philosophy has some catching up to do. The other compelling feature in the topic of structural injustice is that only the negative has gained such contemporary currency. No one speaks of a structurally just world, in which, presumably, agency is unbounded by exploitation and oppression, rewards and burdens are merited, and distributions are satisfactory, etc.; understanding of the topic has come about through the experience of profound failures. In light of this situation, and for other reasons, a theoretical treatment of... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/structural-injustice-power-advantage-and-human-rights/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/human-and-animal-minds-the-consciousness-questions-laid-to-rest/ 2020-12-02T08:00:00-0500 2020-12-09T11:55:01-0500 Human and Animal Minds: The Consciousness Questions Laid to Rest Peter Carruthers <p>2020.12.02 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/human-and-animal-minds-the-consciousness-questions-laid-to-rest/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px"><strong>Peter Carruthers, <em>Human and Animal Minds: The Consciousness Questions Laid to Rest</em>,<em> </em>Oxford University Press, 2019, 220pp., $40.00 (hbk), </strong><strong><span style="background:white">ISBN 9780198843702.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jonathan Simon, Université de Montréal</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">In this well-argued, engaging book, Peter Carruthers makes a comprehensive case for a global workspace theory of phenomenal consciousness, and considers the upshot for animals: are they phenomenally conscious, and does it matter morally? His answer: there is no fact of the matter about whether animals are phenomenally conscious, but this doesn't change anything morally, because consciousness is not what matters morally.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">I proceed by theme rather than chapter: first global workspace theory (chapters 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6), then facts of the matter about animal phenomenal consciousness (chapters 1, 2, 3 and 7), and finally whether phenomenal consciousness matters morally (chapter 8).</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">According to global workspace theory (GWT), for a content to be conscious is for it... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/human-and-animal-minds-the-consciousness-questions-laid-to-rest/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/conceptions-of-set-and-the-foundations-of-mathematics/ 2020-12-02T07:50:00-0500 2020-12-02T07:51:05-0500 Conceptions of Set and the Foundations of Mathematics Luca Incurvati <p>2020.12.04 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/conceptions-of-set-and-the-foundations-of-mathematics/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Luca Incurvati, <em>Conceptions of Set and the Foundations of Mathematics</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2020, 238pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781108497824.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Øystein Linnebo, University of Oslo</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Set theory is widely regarded as the foundation for (nearly) all of mathematics. This raises the question of what a set is and what sets there are. According to the famous <em>iterative conception</em>, sets are "formed" in stages: we start at stage zero with some individuals, or nonsets; at stage one, we form all sets of individuals; at stage two, we form all sets of objects available at stage one; and so on, as many times as we can make sense of.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">Luca Incurvati has written the first book-length discussion of what a conception of set is and might do for us, and of how the iterative conception fares vis-à-vis its main rivals. The result is an important contribution to the... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/conceptions-of-set-and-the-foundations-of-mathematics/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/higher-order-evidence-and-moral-epistemology/ 2020-12-02T07:00:00-0500 2020-12-02T07:52:44-0500 Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology Michael Klenk (ed.) <p>2020.12.01 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/higher-order-evidence-and-moral-epistemology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Michael Klenk (ed.), <em>Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology</em>, Routledge, 2019, 269pp., $160.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780367343200.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Joshua C. Thurow, The University of Texas at San Antonio</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">This timely collection of essays explores a bustling area of moral epistemology, namely, how higher-order evidence affects the rationality of moral beliefs. Arguments from disagreement between moral peers and evolutionary debunking arguments both employ higher-order evidence to try to establish that some/many/all of our moral beliefs are unjustified and do not amount to knowledge. Epistemology has also seen much discussion of higher-order evidence more broadly, and these essays each bring deep familiarity with this literature to moral epistemology. What results is a collection that discusses a buffet of arguments: various defenses of debunking arguments, various criticisms of debunking arguments, a debunking argument against objective consequentialism, arguments about how pessimism about the justificational force of moral testimony relates to higher-order evidence from disagreement, an... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/higher-order-evidence-and-moral-epistemology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/dialetheism-and-its-applications/ 2020-10-28T09:50:00-0400 2020-10-28T09:50:53-0400 Dialetheism and its Applications Adam Rieger and Gareth Young (eds.) <p>2020.10.03 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/dialetheism-and-its-applications/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Adam Rieger and Gareth Young (eds.), <em>Dialetheism and its Applications</em>, Springer, 2019, 176pp., $119.00 (hbk), ISBN 9783030302207.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Riccardo Bruni, University of Florence</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Dialetheism (or, more simply, "glut theory" as dual of familiar truth-value "gap theories") is the view according to which there are true contradictions. Quite a hard view to legitimate, which explains why it seems to have only very few genuine supporters. Yet, it is not, or it is supposed not to be, confused with the view according to which <em>every</em> contradiction is true, also known as "trivialism", which entails that there is not even something such as "true" different from "false" and everything is both true and false. To fortify the difference between glut theory and trivialism is possibly even a harder task, especially if one sticks to forms of reasoning somewhat committed to classical logic and the principle of <em>ex-falso quodlibet</em>, that... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/dialetheism-and-its-applications/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-phenomenal-basis-of-intentionality/ 2020-10-14T13:55:00-0400 2020-10-14T13:55:00-0400 The Phenomenal Basis of Intentionality Angela Mendelovici <p>2020.10.02 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-phenomenal-basis-of-intentionality/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Angela Mendelovici, <em>The Phenomenal Basis of Intentionality</em>, Oxford University Press, 2018, 275pp., $78.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190863807.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Adam Pautz, Brown University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">When you were born into the world, you began with a basic repertoire of sensory-perceptual experiences representing the world around you. On the basis of those experiences, you acquired beliefs and desires about things in your environment. Then you learned a language and became able to think about a great many things far outside of the "perceptual circle". What is the ground of all this intentionality?</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">In the 1980s and 1990s, many (e.g., Fodor, Millikan, Neander) developed the "reductive externalist program". Tracking relations (informational or teleological relations) between your brain and the world play a foundational role in pinning town original intentionality. More recently, others (e.g., Loar, Horgan and Tienson, Siewert) have developed an opposing "phenomenal intentionality" program. Your conscious experiences... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-phenomenal-basis-of-intentionality/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/moral-knowledge/ 2020-10-14T13:50:00-0400 2020-10-14T13:50:00-0400 Moral Knowledge Sarah McGrath <p>2020.10.01 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/moral-knowledge/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Sarah McGrath, <em>Moral Knowledge</em>, Oxford University Press, 2019, 218pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198805410.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Phillips, University of Houston</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">In the introduction to the book,<em> </em>Sarah McGrath explains her key aims. She has an overall working hypothesis:</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-left:40px; margin-top:16px">moral knowledge can be acquired in any of the ways in which we acquire ordinary empirical knowledge, and our efforts to acquire and preserve such knowledge are subject to frustration in all of the same ways that our efforts to acquire and preserve ordinary empirical knowledge are. (2)</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">The book is not supposed to constitute a systematic defense of the working hypothesis. Rather, each of its four further substantive chapters -- on reflective equilibrium, moral knowledge from others, observation and experience, and losing moral knowledge -- is intended to be substantially independent. They together advance the case for the working... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/moral-knowledge/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/heraclitus-redux-technological-infrastructures-and-scientific-change/ 2020-10-14T13:45:00-0400 2020-10-14T13:45:00-0400 Heraclitus Redux: Technological Infrastructures and Scientific Change Joseph C. Pitt <p>2020.10.10 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heraclitus-redux-technological-infrastructures-and-scientific-change/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Joseph C. Pitt, <em>Heraclitus Redux: Technological Infrastructures and Scientific Change</em>, Rowman &amp; Littlefield, 2020, 115pp., $120.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781786612359.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Matthew D. Lund, Rowan University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Joseph C. Pitt's slim new book argues persuasively that the philosopher's traditional focus on theories as the essence of science is misplaced. This kind of objection is frequently leveled at philosophers by historians and those in science studies, and for good reason. Pitt's critique is much broader and more interesting than the typical one since he argues that the notion of a technological infrastructure -- which, to some degree, becomes the new locus of analysis -- is a complex, extended, and historically conditioned thing that can at best be only partially and imperfectly surveyed, and is, needless to say, not the unique possession of any one discipline.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">Pitt's book begins with an impassioned call for Heraclitian inquiry to replace the stagnant... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heraclitus-redux-technological-infrastructures-and-scientific-change/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/consequentialism-new-directions-new-problems/ 2020-10-14T13:00:00-0400 2020-10-14T13:31:23-0400 Consequentialism: New Directions, New Problems Christian Seidel (ed.) <p>2020.10.08 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/consequentialism-new-directions-new-problems/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px"><strong>Christian Seidel (ed.), <em>Consequentialism: New Directions, New Problems</em>, Oxford University Press, 2019, 268pp., $90.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190270117.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Cummiskey, Bates College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">In this fine collection, Christian Seidel has brought together innovative new work on consequentialism, with a special focus on the theoretical strategy of "consequentializing" agent-centered (deontological) moral theories. It is an excellent resource for anyone seeking to better understand and evaluate the conceptual foundations of consequentialism. Seidel's introduction is a real strength of the book, providing a clear overview of the evolution of consequentialism, which he divides into three waves.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">The first wave is the "conceptual emancipation" of consequentialism from utilitarianism, which is familiar but worth briefly summarizing. Classical utilitarianism defines the right action as that which maximizing the good, with happiness constituting the goodness of outcomes. Utilitarians, of course, debate over the nature of happiness itself (and whether it is... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/consequentialism-new-directions-new-problems/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-epistemic-role-of-consciousness/ 2020-10-14T13:00:00-0400 2020-10-14T13:41:24-0400 The Epistemic Role of Consciousness Declan Smithies <p>2020.10.09 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-epistemic-role-of-consciousness/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Declan Smithies, <em>The Epistemic Role of Consciousness</em>, Oxford University Press, 2019, 442pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199917662.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Robert J. Howell, Southern Methodist University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Declan Smithies' book is an extraordinarily strong contribution to debates in philosophy of mind and epistemology. It is ambitious and expansive in scope while being extremely rigorously argued. It will be required reading for epistemologists, as well as for philosophers of mind interested in the value of consciousness for our lives as thinkers and knowers. It is, however, a rather long and dense book which can be challenging despite being well-written. Nevertheless, it handily repays the attention and close study it requires.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">The book covers a good deal of terrain, but its main argument is that phenomenal consciousness is important because of the ineliminable role it plays in epistemic justification. One way of putting the thesis is to ask what exactly... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-epistemic-role-of-consciousness/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-emotional-mind-a-control-theory-of-affective-states/ 2020-10-14T13:00:00-0400 2020-10-28T10:59:09-0400 The Emotional Mind: A Control Theory of Affective States Tom Cochrane <p>2020.10.11 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-emotional-mind-a-control-theory-of-affective-states/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">Tom Cochrane, <em>The Emotional Mind: A Control Theory of Affective States</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 244pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN </span><span style="background:white">9781108429672</span><span lang="EN-AU" style="background:white">.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Colin Klein, The Australian National University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Tom Cochrane's book<em> </em>forges into the philosophy of emotion on a new and powerful vehicle: the idea of <em>valent representations. </em>His project is ambitious. Cochrane uses valent representations to give models of affect, pleasure and pain, emotion, moods, expressive behavior, social intentionality, norms, collective effervescence, inner speech, sentiments, personality, and character. Philosophers interested in any of these topics will find it a rich book, full of nuance and insight.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">Chapter 1 introduces the idea of valent representations. They are not necessarily the only primitive kind of mental content, says Cochrane, but they have <em>a </em>kind of content, and form the primitive foundation for other affective states. Valent representation is built around the idea of negative feedback loops. Detection of something in... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-emotional-mind-a-control-theory-of-affective-states/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/disagreement-deference-and-religious-commitment/ 2020-09-30T13:00:00-0400 2020-09-30T13:04:32-0400 Disagreement, Deference, and Religious Commitment John Pittard <p>2020.09.07 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/disagreement-deference-and-religious-commitment/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="border:none; margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">John Pittard, <em>Disagreement, Deference, and Religious Commitment</em>, Oxford University Press, 2020, 339pp., $80.00 (hbk), ISBN <span style="background:white">9780190051815</span><span lang="IT" style="background:white">.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Matthew A. Benton, Seattle Pacific University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="border:none; margin-bottom:13px">Philosophers working on the epistemology of disagreement have asked how one ought, if at all, to revise one's beliefs or credences when confronted with facts about others who disagree. For it can seem at first blush that the mere existence of disagreement, at least when it is with those who are roughly one's peers with respect to the evidence and arguments bearing on the issue in question, gives one a reason, perhaps even a very strong reason, to reduce one's confidence (as so-called "conciliationists" have argued). Given widespread (inter-religious) disagreement over the nature of the supernatural, the human condition, morality and spirituality, salvation and redemption, and so on, it looks as though most (if not all) religious worldviews cannot be true. And... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/disagreement-deference-and-religious-commitment/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/self-defense-necessity-and-punishment-a-philosophical-analysis/ 2020-09-30T11:00:00-0400 2020-09-30T11:02:00-0400 Self-Defense, Necessity, and Punishment: A Philosophical Analysis Uwe Steinhoff <p>2020.09.05 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/self-defense-necessity-and-punishment-a-philosophical-analysis/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px"><strong>Uwe Steinhoff, <em>Self-Defense, Necessity, and Punishment: A Philosophical Analysis</em>, Routledge, 2020, 369pp., $160.00 (hbk), ISBN <span style="background:white">9780367407216.</span></strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Kimberly Kessler Ferzan, University of Pennsylvania</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">Uwe Steinhoff is an excellent philosopher. He is analytically exacting, wide ranging, and steeped in many of the central debates. He is also an important critic of the dominant strains of discussion within just war theory. Unfortunately, the book<em> </em>does not live up to Steinhoff's promise as a theorist. Although there are some insightful interventions in current debates, the monograph fails to present a clear and coherent vision. Ultimately, it is best read for some of its pieces, as the whole is less than the sum of its parts.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">To begin with, the book is simply an unpleasant read. There is an evident frustration with other philosophers: Steinhoff gets no farther than the second paragraph of his preface before attacking "a... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/self-defense-necessity-and-punishment-a-philosophical-analysis/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/in-the-shadow-of-justice-postwar-liberalism-and-the-remaking-of-political-philosophy/ 2020-09-30T10:00:00-0400 2020-10-07T09:49:11-0400 In the Shadow of Justice: Postwar Liberalism and the Remaking of Political Philosophy Katrina Forrester <p>2020.09.06 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/in-the-shadow-of-justice-postwar-liberalism-and-the-remaking-of-political-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Katrina Forrester, <em>In the Shadow of Justice: Postwar Liberalism and the Remaking of Political Philosophy</em>, Princeton University Press, 2019, 401pp., $35.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780691163086.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Samuel Freeman, University of Pennsylvania</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px">I</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px">Katrina Forrester's<em> </em>book<em> </em>is an engaging history of John Rawls's intellectual development and the outpouring of work in political philosophy his ideas have engendered. She focuses on the evolution of Rawls's theory of justice and the historical conditions from which it purportedly grew in the late 1940s and early 1950s. She discusses the responses of Rawls's notable critics and reviews alternative positions by significant philosophers and political theorists of the era. These include Brian Barry, Charles Beitz, G.A. Cohen, Ronald Dworkin, Robert Goodin, H.L.A. Hart, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, Susan Okin, Onora O'Neill, Derek Parfit, T.M. Scanlon, Amartya Sen, Peter Singer, Judith Shklar, Charles Taylor, Judith Thomson, Michael Walzer, Bernard Williams, and other leading figures. Forrester concisely summarizes their core... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/in-the-shadow-of-justice-postwar-liberalism-and-the-remaking-of-political-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/arendt-on-the-political/ 2020-09-25T14:00:00-0400 2020-09-25T14:41:54-0400 Arendt on the Political David Arndt <p>2020.09.03 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/arendt-on-the-political/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p><strong>David Arndt, <em>Arendt on the Political</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2019, 282pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781108498319.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Shmuel Lederman, Weiss-Livnat Center for Holocaust Research and Education at the University of Haifa</strong></p> <div class="WordSection1" dir="RTL" style="text-align:start"> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" dir="LTR" style="margin-top:16px"><span style="page:WordSection1"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-weight:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">David Arndt's book<em> </em>is an excellent exposition of Arendt's political thought. Anyone interested in Arendt would benefit from the clear presentation and analysis of the main concepts and ideas Arendt thought through in her writings; the careful distinctions he offers between the meanings Arendt gave to these concepts and the more common understanding of them; and the useful theoretical and historical background by which Arndt contextualizes Arendt's contributions to political theory. In particular, Arndt's emphasis on the importance of what he calls Arendt's "pure" concept of the political, namely the way she explored the meaning of politics as a unique human activity, distinct from any other human experience, illuminates how Arendt thought about the... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/arendt-on-the-political/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/justice-migration-and-mercy/ 2020-09-25T14:00:00-0400 2020-09-25T14:39:45-0400 Justice, Migration, and Mercy Michael Blake <p>2020.09.04 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/justice-migration-and-mercy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="break-after:avoid"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-variant-ligatures:normal"><span style="white-space:normal"><span style="text-decoration-style:initial"><span style="text-decoration-color:initial">Michael Blake, <em>Justice, Migration, and Mercy</em>, Oxford University Press, 2020, 266pp., $35.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190879556.</span></span></span></span></span></strong></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Anna Stilz, Princeton University</strong></p> <div class="WordSection1" style="text-align:start"> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px"><span style="page:WordSection1"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-variant-ligatures:normal"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="white-space:normal"><span style="text-decoration-style:initial"><span style="text-decoration-color:initial">In the United States, a comprehensive immigration reform bill was passed by the Senate in 2013, but eventually failed in the House. This bill was structured around a compromise -- increased border security measures were to be exchanged for immigration amnesty for undocumented migrants currently inside the US. Many centrist politicians (including those in the bipartisan "Gang of Eight" that sponsored the bill) supported both of these provisions.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px"><span style="page:WordSection1"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-variant-ligatures:normal"><span style="font-weight:400"><span style="white-space:normal"><span style="text-decoration-style:initial"><span style="text-decoration-color:initial">From a philosophical point of view, however, this combination of principles might seem incoherent. If undocumented migrants ought to be put on a path to citizenship, then perhaps they did nothing wrong in crossing the border... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/justice-migration-and-mercy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/being-me-being-you-adam-smith-and-empathy/ 2020-09-03T12:00:00-0400 2020-09-03T12:02:56-0400 Being Me Being You: Adam Smith and Empathy Samuel Fleischacker <p>2020.09.02 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/being-me-being-you-adam-smith-and-empathy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="break-after:avoid-page"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">Samuel Fleischacker, <em>Being Me Being You: Adam Smith and Empathy</em>, University of Chicago Press, 2019, 216pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780226661896.</span></span></strong></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Lauren Kopajtic, Fordham University</strong></p> <div class="WordSection1" style="text-align:start"> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:13px"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-weight:normal"><span style="white-space:normal"><span style="page:WordSection1">Samuel Fleischacker's book<em> </em>is a very welcome addition both to scholarship on Adam Smith and to the burgeoning field of empathy studies. Fleischacker brings decades of excellent and influential work on Smith to the popular topic of empathy to show that Smithian empathy (Smith uses the term "sympathy" for this capacity), with some updates, has a crucial role to play in our ethical practices. In doing so, Fleischacker offers important responses to some perennial objections to Smith's empathy-based moral theory, and to the recent critiques of empathy from Paul Bloom and Jesse Prinz. But Fleischacker does more than just delineate and defend Smithian empathy in this book; he also makes a compelling case for an eclectic,... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/being-me-being-you-adam-smith-and-empathy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/women-philosophers-of-seventeenth-century-england-selected-correspondence/ 2020-09-03T11:55:00-0400 2020-09-03T11:55:42-0400 Women Philosophers of Seventeenth-Century England: Selected Correspondence Jacqueline Broad (ed.) <p>2020.09.07 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/women-philosophers-of-seventeenth-century-england-selected-correspondence/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="break-after:avoid-page"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">Jacqueline Broad (ed.), <em>Women Philosophers of Seventeenth-Century England: Selected Correspondence</em>, Oxford University Press, 2020, 279pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780190673338.</span></span></strong></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Cunning, University of Iowa</strong></p> <p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="break-after:avoid-page"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-weight:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">Jacqueline Broad has produced a terrific volume and an invaluable resource for scholars and students. The volume showcases a large selection of letters in which four women philosophers of the early modern period -- Margaret Cavendish, Anne Conway, Damaris Cudworth Masham, and Elizabeth Berkeley Burnet -- exchange views with a number of their prominent philosophical, political, and scientific contemporaries. Broad provides an introduction up front that highlights some of the cross-cutting topics that arise across the letters -- topics in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, and ethics -- and then there are separate sections that contain the letters by the four women and their correspondents. The latter include Walter Charleton, Joseph Glanvill, Constantijn Huygens, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz,... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/women-philosophers-of-seventeenth-century-england-selected-correspondence/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/epistemology-after-sextus-empiricus/ 2020-09-03T11:50:00-0400 2020-09-06T22:12:55-0400 Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus Katja Maria Vogt and Justin Vlasits (eds.) <p>2020.09.04 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/epistemology-after-sextus-empiricus/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:13px; margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="break-after:avoid-page"><strong style="font-weight:bold"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">Katja Maria Vogt and Justin Vlasits (eds.), <em>Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus</em>, Oxford University Press, 2020, 335pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190946302.</span></span></strong></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Diego E. Machuca, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas</strong></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-weight:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">Pyrrhonian skepticism's influence on, or relevance to, modern and contemporary epistemology cannot, I think, be overstated. Suffice it to consider the problem of conflicting appearances, the problem of the criterion of truth, the problem of the regress of justification, the epistemic significance of disagreement, and the nature and aim of inquiry and its connection with suspension of judgment. Regarding all these topics, the extant writings of Sextus Empiricus -- our chief source for ancient Pyrrhonism -- have exerted a crucial direct or indirect impact, even though this is not always duly recognized. The twofold purpose of the volume under review is to explore "epistemology <em>after </em>Sextus, both ways in which he has influenced the history of philosophy and ways... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/epistemology-after-sextus-empiricus/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/hegels-concept-of-life-self-consciousness-freedom-logic/ 2020-09-03T11:00:00-0400 2020-09-03T11:53:01-0400 Hegel's Concept of Life: Self-Consciousness, Freedom, Logic Karen Ng <p>2020.09.05 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/hegels-concept-of-life-self-consciousness-freedom-logic/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-weight:normal"><span style="white-space:normal"><strong>Karen Ng, <em>Hegel's Concept of Life: Self-Consciousness, Freedom, Logic</em>, Oxford University Press, 2020, 319pp., $85.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190947613.</strong></span></span></span></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Gerad Gentry, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Lewis University</strong></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-top:16px; text-align:start"><span style="font-style:normal"><span style="font-weight:normal"><span style="white-space:normal">Interest in Hegel's Idealism has surged over the past thirty years and shows no sign of slowing. It is increasingly commonplace to view Hegel's significance as more than mere esotericism in the history of philosophy and sociology. The interpretive camps defining this resurgence are multifarious, but one variation has gained particular traction. Broadly, this interpretive camp emphasizes the continuity (inherited and critical) of Hegel's system with the epistemic advances of Kant's critical idealism. Within this broad interpretive camp, and for the sake of this review, we can pick out two prominent paths. On the one hand stand works like Robert Pippin's Hegel of 1989 (including the less epistemologically-restricted variation of his 2019 Hegel), for whom Kant's original synthetic unity... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/hegels-concept-of-life-self-consciousness-freedom-logic/" >Read More</a> </p>