tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/feedburner-feed/ Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News 2019-01-29T12:00:00-0500 tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/gary-gutting/ 2019-01-29T12:00:00-0500 2019-01-29T12:39:27-0500 In Memoriam: Gary Gutting Anastasia Gutting <p>2019.01. : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/gary-gutting/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <h2>In Memoriam<br> <br> Gary Gutting<br> 1942-2019</h2> <p>Funeral<br> February 1, 2019, 3:30pm<br> Basilica of the Sacred Heart<br> Notre Dame, Indiana</p> <p>* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *</p> <p>Publication of reviews will resume in March.</p> <p>* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *</p> <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/gary-gutting/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/heideggers-poietic-writings-from-contributions-to-philosophy-to-the-event/ 2019-01-17T21:00:00-0500 2019-01-17T21:00:00-0500 Heidegger's Poietic Writings: From Contributions to Philosophy to The Event Daniela Vallega-Neu <p>2019.01.09 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heideggers-poietic-writings-from-contributions-to-philosophy-to-the-event/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Daniela Vallega-Neu, <em>Heidegger's Poietic Writings: From </em>Contributions<em> </em>to<em> </em>Philosophy<em> to </em>The Event, Indiana University Press, 2018, 205pp., $39.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780253033888.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Charles E. Scott, Penn State University, Vanderbilt University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:120px; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">A new species of philosophers is coming up: I venture to baptize them<br> . . . <em>attempters</em>.   -- Nietzsche</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:120px; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">The irreducible plurality of forms of being.   -- Daniella Vallega-Neu</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">Daniela Vallega-Neu engages five volumes written by Martin Heidegger between 1936 and 1941: <em>Contributions to Philosophy (Of the Event) (Beiträge zur Philosophie (vom Ereignis))</em>, <em>Mindfulness (Besinnung)</em>, <em>The Black Notebooks (Schwarze Hefte)</em>, <em>The Inception (Über den Anfang)</em>, <em>The Event (Das Ereignis)</em>. Heidegger did not intend to publish any of them. Rather, as he moved further and further from the conceptuality and sensibility of <em>Being and Time</em>, he wrote them as arrangements of notes or fugues, a metaphor he uses in <em>Contributions</em>, of thinking-in-progress... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/heideggers-poietic-writings-from-contributions-to-philosophy-to-the-event/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/sellars-and-the-history-of-modern-philosophy/ 2019-01-17T21:00:00-0500 2019-01-17T21:00:00-0500 Sellars and the History of Modern Philosophy Luca Corti and Antonio M. Nunziante (eds.) <p>2019.01.08 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/sellars-and-the-history-of-modern-philosophy/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Luca Corti and Antonio M. Nunziante (eds.), <em>Sellars and the History of Modern Philosophy</em>, Routledge, 2018, 285pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138065680.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Johannes Haag, Potsdam University</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">The editors of this contribution to the recently pleasantly enlivened field of Sellars studies pursue a twofold goal. On the one hand, they aim at illustrating how Sellars in his stance towards the history of philosophy was carefully treading a middle-ground between those who carelessly assimilate historical contributions to our own philosophical problems and those for whom History of Philosophy is simply history of contextualized ideas. On the other hand, they show how Sellars' own philosophy can be viewed as growing out of different philosophical (and scientific) movements and systems of the late-19th century and the first half of the 20th century. Consequently, the volume is structured in two parts, the first concentrating on Sellars' interpretations of prominent philosophers in... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/sellars-and-the-history-of-modern-philosophy/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/kantian-nonconceptualism/ 2019-01-16T21:00:00-0500 2019-01-16T21:00:00-0500 Kantian Nonconceptualism Dennis Schulting (ed.) <p>2019.01.07 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kantian-nonconceptualism/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Dennis Schulting (ed.), <em>Kantian Nonconceptualism</em>, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 332pp., $109.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781137535160.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by James R. O'Shea, University College Dublin</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This is an outstanding collection of eleven newly commissioned articles by leading figures in the recent debates on nonconceptualist and conceptualist interpretations of Kant's theory of cognition, with applications also to his accounts of agency and aesthetics. The contributors will be well known to anyone who has been following those recent debates: Lucy Allais, Sacha Golob, Anil Gomes, Stefanie Grüne, Robert Hanna, Dietmar H. Heidemann, Thomas Land, Colin McLear, Christian Onof, Dennis Schulting, Andrew Stephenson, and Clinton Tolley. The primary focus of the majority of the contributions, appropriately enough, is on the classic question as to how to interpret correctly the role of sensible intuition and its relationship to conceptual thinking in Kant's account of perceptual cognition in the <em>Critique... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kantian-nonconceptualism/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-actual-and-the-rational-hegel-and-objective-spirit/ 2019-01-16T19:00:00-0500 2019-01-16T19:00:00-0500 The Actual and the Rational: Hegel and Objective Spirit Jean-François Kervégan <p>2019.01.06 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-actual-and-the-rational-hegel-and-objective-spirit/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Jean-François Kervégan, <em>The Actual and the Rational: Hegel and Objective Spirit</em>, Daniela Ginsburg and Martin Shuster (trs.), University of Chicago Press, 2018, 384pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780226023809.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Frederick Neuhouser, Barnard College, Columbia University</strong></p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">As its title implies, Jean-François Kervégan's book<em> </em>is a comprehensive and systematic reconstruction of Hegel's complex doctrine of objective spirit. It is comprehensive because it aims to explain the whole of that doctrine as set out in the <em>Philosophy of Right</em>, and it is systematic because, unlike many recent accounts of objective spirit, Kervégan refuses to read that text in abstraction from the rest of Hegel's system, within which the <em>Science of Logic</em> occupies pride of place. Kervégan takes a strong position on this issue: "the doctrine of objective spirit, like every part of the system, rests not only on the 'spirit' of the logic but on its letter" (viii). An example of this approach is Kervégan's claim that Hegel's... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-actual-and-the-rational-hegel-and-objective-spirit/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/science-as-social-existence-heidegger-and-the-sociology-of-scientific-knowledge/ 2019-01-15T21:00:00-0500 2019-01-15T21:00:00-0500 Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge Jeff Kochan <p>2019.01.05 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/science-as-social-existence-heidegger-and-the-sociology-of-scientific-knowledge/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Jeff Kochan, <em>Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge</em>, Open Book, 2017, 446pp., $28.99 (pbk), ISBN 9781783744107.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Dimitri Ginev</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Jeff Kochan's book is distinguished by clearly formulated theses, convincing arguments, and far-reaching consequences. It continues the tradition of existential-phenomenological theories of science begun by Joseph Kockelmans, Patrick Heelan, Theodore Kisiel, and Martin Eger. The seven chapters focus on the possibility of integrating a phenomenological concept of subjectivity with the cognitive sociology of science; the idea of minimal realism; the assessment of the Bloor-Latour debate from the viewpoint of existential analytic; the Heideggerian reading of the social foundations of logic; the concept of the mathematical projection of nature in connection with the Scientific Revolution of the 16<sup>th</sup> and 17<sup>th</sup> centuries; and the role of the existential conception of science for preventing the rise of new forms of essentialism in science studies.</p>... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/science-as-social-existence-heidegger-and-the-sociology-of-scientific-knowledge/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-greatest-possible-being/ 2019-01-15T19:00:00-0500 2019-01-15T19:00:00-0500 The Greatest Possible Being Jeff Speaks <p>2019.01.04 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-greatest-possible-being/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Jeff Speaks, <em>The Greatest Possible Being</em>, Oxford University Press, 2018, 175pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198826811.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jonathan L. Kvanvig, Washington University in St. Louis</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">From a certain historical perspective, the current consensus concerning Perfect Being Theology (PBT) is surprising. One can wonder how the fundamental nature of God could be (conceived to be) in terms of being the most perfect being, especially if one finds the source of such in the 11th century.<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1" title=""><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super"><span class="MsoEndnoteReference" style="vertical-align:super">[1]</span></span></a> What were the ancients thinking, to miss out for so long? Yet, at least since the rise of modal metaphysics in the late 1960's, the stream of endorsements by philosophers of religion is long and generally unchallenged: Richard Swinburne, Eleonore Stump, Thomas Morris, Katherin Rogers, Joshua Hoffman and Gary Rosencrantz, Mark Johnston, Michael Almeida, Brian Leftow, Michael Murphy, William Wainwright, Ed Wierenga, and (most... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-greatest-possible-being/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-dash-the-other-side-of-absolute-knowing/ 2019-01-14T21:00:00-0500 2019-01-14T21:00:00-0500 The Dash -- The Other Side of Absolute Knowing Rebecca Comay and Frank Ruda <p>2019.01.03 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-dash-the-other-side-of-absolute-knowing/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Rebecca Comay and Frank Ruda, <em>The Dash -- The Other Side of Absolute Knowing</em>, MIT Press, 2018, 178pp., $23.95 (pbk), ISBN 9780262535359.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Shannon Hoff, Memorial University of Newfoundland</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This is a challenging book: a heady, disorienting "dash" through a pile of historical, literary, and philosophical material. In tandem with what they construe to be a growing philosophical friendliness toward Hegel, Rebecca Comay and Frank Ruda want to redeem that absolute knowing at which Hegel's "new friends" typically draw the line. To do so, they focus on the transition between the <em>Phenomenology</em> and the <em>Logic</em>, since the <em>Phenomenology</em> ushers the reader into absolute knowing and the <em>Logic</em> sets out to enact it.<em> </em>They find at this transition, however, a kind of linguistic treasure: the dash, or two dashes -- one just prior to the final lines of the <em>Phenomenology</em> (which are misquoted text from Schiller), and the other just... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-dash-the-other-side-of-absolute-knowing/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/kant-god-and-metaphysics-the-secret-thorn/ 2019-01-14T19:00:00-0500 2019-01-14T19:00:00-0500 Kant, God and Metaphysics: The Secret Thorn Edward Kanterian <p>2019.01.02 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kant-god-and-metaphysics-the-secret-thorn/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Edward Kanterian, <em>Kant, God and Metaphysics: The Secret Thorn</em>, Routledge, 2018, 444pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138908581.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Michael Rohlf, Catholic University of America</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book analyzes Kant's pre-critical writings on metaphysics up to around 1769, paying particular attention to religious themes and placing these works in the context of Reformation and early modern Protestant theology and its influence on philosophy in that period. The book's subtitle, "The Secret Thorn," is taken from Heidegger's claim that "for Kant the question as to whether and how and within which limits the proposition 'God exists' is possible . . . is the secret thorn that drives all thinking in the <em>Critique of Pure Reason</em> and subsequent works" (Heidegger 1976: 449. Quoted at xv). Kanterian subjects Kant's pre-critical works to this line of interpretation, which is not unique to Heidegger but somewhat common among scholars on the... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kant-god-and-metaphysics-the-secret-thorn/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/hume-passion-and-action/ 2019-01-13T19:00:00-0500 2019-01-13T19:00:00-0500 Hume, Passion, and Action Elizabeth S. Radcliffe <p>2019.01.01 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/hume-passion-and-action/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Elizabeth S. Radcliffe, <em>Hume, Passion, and Action</em>, Oxford University Press, 2018, 230pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199573295.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Simon Blackburn, Trinity College, Cambridge</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">For many years philosophy that is focused on ethics, or action, or human desire, or just human nature in general, has revolved around something called the Humean Theory of Motivation. The theory has been roundly attacked, passionately defended, and occasionally dismissed as a mere tautology, not a theory at all. In the dust raised by all this controversy it has not always been easy to be sure exactly what the theory was supposed to be, and in particular what it was supposed to be by its eponymous author, David Hume himself. Philosophers have, of course, pored over the texts, and scholars have done much to put them in the context of seventeenth and eighteenth century thought. Elizabeth Radcliffe's bibliography gives... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/hume-passion-and-action/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/extended-epistemology/ 2018-12-20T22:00:00-0500 2018-12-20T22:00:00-0500 Extended Epistemology J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard (eds.) <p>2018.12.24 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/extended-epistemology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong style="font-weight:bold">J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard (eds.), <em>Extended Epistemology</em>, Oxford University Press, 2018, 362pp., $70.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198769811.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Deborah Tollefsen, University of Memphis</strong></p> <p align="center"><strong>THIS IS NDPR'S LAST REVIEW FOR 2018.</strong></p> <p align="center"><strong>WE WILL RESUME PUBLICATION ON JANUARY 13, 2019</strong></p> <p align="center"><strong>HAPPY HOLIDAYS AND A MERRY NEW YEAR TO ALL OUR READERS!</strong></p> <p>                                                 </p> <p class="image-default">                                                 <img alt="Imgres 2" src="/assets/151881/imgres_2.jpg"></p> <p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"> </p> <p class="NDPR3Reviewer" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">In 1998 Andy Clark and David Chalmers published an article entitled "The Extended Mind" in which they argued that the mind extends beyond the skull. This was, and to many still is,... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/extended-epistemology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/laws-of-nature/ 2018-12-20T21:00:00-0500 2018-12-20T21:00:00-0500 Laws of Nature Walter Ott and Lydia Patton (eds.) <p>2018.12.23 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/laws-of-nature/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Walter Ott and Lydia Patton (eds.), <em>Laws of Nature</em>, Oxford University Press, 2018, 264pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198746775.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Heather Demarest, University of Colorado, Boulder</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book is a collection of interesting papers edited by Walter Ott and Lydia Patton. It fills an oft-noted gap in the laws literature: namely, connecting familiar contemporary accounts to their early modern predecessors. Chapters one through six describe and evaluate several different notions of laws that appear in early modern history and explore how those transformed into contemporary notions. Chapters seven through twelve address familiar topics in current laws literature. The first half of the book provides an excellent backdrop for contemporary debates while the second half of the book advances those debates. Readers will benefit from the rich and suggestive connections developed in these pages.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">Ott and Patton begin the book by historically... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/laws-of-nature/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/william-james-on-democratic-individuality/ 2018-12-19T22:00:00-0500 2018-12-19T22:00:00-0500 William James on Democratic Individuality Stephen S. Bush <p>2018.12.22 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/william-james-on-democratic-individuality/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong>Stephen S. Bush, <em>William James on Democratic Individuality</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 238pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781107135956.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Eric Thomas Weber, University of Kentucky</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Stephen S. Bush takes on the difficult task of building an account of William James's democratic political thought. As Bush notes, a number of scholars have dismissed the idea that James had anything to say politically, with the exception of a few condemnations of lynching. Bush clearly succeeds in rebutting those dismissive of James as a source of political insight. Joshua Miller's <em>Democratic Temperament: The Legacy of William James</em> (1997) similarly demonstrated inspiration we might draw from James for democratic thought, but Bush's project is considerably more ambitious. He claims that James's contribution "is a comprehensive and compelling philosophy for social and political activism" (224). While Bush demonstrates the value of James's insights about democratic individuality, the book's grander arguments... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/william-james-on-democratic-individuality/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/pragmatic-encroachment-in-epistemology/ 2018-12-19T19:00:00-0500 2018-12-19T19:00:00-0500 Pragmatic Encroachment in Epistemology Brian Kim and Matthew McGrath (eds.) <p>2018.12.21 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/pragmatic-encroachment-in-epistemology/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Brian Kim and Matthew McGrath (eds.), <em>Pragmatic Encroachment in Epistemology</em>, Routledge, 2019, 215pp., $114.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138051829.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Peter Baumann, Swarthmore College</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">According to a traditional view, whether a subject is in an epistemic state like knowledge (justified belief, etc.) depends only on epistemic, truth-related factors like reliability or evidence. According to a relatively recent view, the pragmatic encroachment view, this also depends on non-epistemic, pragmatic factors like what is practically at stake for the subject. If nothing much depends on it for me, I might know that these are not peanuts on my plate; but I might not know this if my health depends on it. This anthology contains new essays on pragmatic encroachment and makes a very good and welcome contribution to current debates.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">The very informative and substantial introduction by Brian Kim and Matthew... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/pragmatic-encroachment-in-epistemology/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/eliminativism-objects-and-persons-the-virtues-of-non-existence/ 2018-12-18T22:30:00-0500 2018-12-18T23:07:33-0500 Eliminativism, Objects, and Persons: The Virtues of Non-Existence Jiri Benovsky <p>2018.12.20 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/eliminativism-objects-and-persons-the-virtues-of-non-existence/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong>Jiri Benovsky, <em>Eliminativism, Objects, and Persons: The Virtues of Non-Existence,</em> Routledge, 2019, 184pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780367000219.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Robert Lockie, University of West London</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This is a research monograph suitable for professional philosophers and graduate students working on any of the first order issues in metaphysics, but also (importantly) those interested in metaphilosophical issues, especially as these arise in metaphysics -- addressing the latter issues is the core aim, though not to the exclusion of the former. The first order issues dealt with in the work include the existence (the claimed non-existence) of ordinary objects, selves/persons, life and death, aesthetic and other objects (photographs and musical works); and (to a lesser extent, and partly to assist dealing with the former issues) the prospects for modal realism and interpretations of modality more generally, perdurantism vs endurantism, Humeanism vs Cartesianism, four dimensionalism, and temporal experience. The... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/eliminativism-objects-and-persons-the-virtues-of-non-existence/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/liberalism-and-distributive-justice/ 2018-12-18T21:30:00-0500 2018-12-18T21:30:00-0500 Liberalism and Distributive Justice Samuel Freeman <p>2018.12.19 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/liberalism-and-distributive-justice/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Samuel Freeman, <em>Liberalism and Distributive Justice, </em>Oxford University Press, 2018, 355pp., $65.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190699260.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Lisa Herzog, Technical University of Munich</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This is a collection of essays most of which have been published before, between 2001 and 2018. They all deal with John Rawls' political philosophy, defending it against various criticisms and what Freeman takes to be misinterpretations. The essays are of admirable clarity, arguing for their positions in meticulous detail. For those interested in a comprehensive overview of Freeman's understanding of Rawlsian justice, the collection is likely to be an extremely valuable resource, not least for teaching.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">Part 1, "Liberalism, Libertarianism, and Economic Justice" consists of two essays that distinguish Rawlsian liberalism from two other positions: libertarianism and classical liberalism. The difference between "classical" and "high" liberalism, discussed in the first chapter, turns mostly on... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/liberalism-and-distributive-justice/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/the-metaphysics-of-action-trying-doing-causing/ 2018-12-18T20:00:00-0500 2018-12-18T20:53:57-0500 The Metaphysics of Action: Trying, Doing, Causing David-Hillel Ruben <p>2018.12.18 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-metaphysics-of-action-trying-doing-causing/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong style="font-weight:bold">David-Hillel Ruben, <em>The Metaphysics of Action: Trying, Doing, Causing</em>, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, 351pp., $89.99 (hbk), ISBN 9783319903460.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Helen Steward, University of Leeds</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">What are actions? In this densely-argued and thought-provoking work, David-Hillel Ruben sets out to answer this question, by way of an examination of some of the ideas that have gained currency over the last 50 years or so of philosophy of action -- including what is usually called 'the standard story'; the view that actions are 'tryings'; and the view that they are 'causings'.This is a book for serious aficionados of philosophy of action. The arguments are detailed and hard-core, and not many attempts are made to broaden out the discussion so as, for example, to provide an insight into questions of free will or mental causation (though it must be said that there is an extremely fascinating final chapter... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/the-metaphysics-of-action-trying-doing-causing/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/transparency-and-self-knowledge/ 2018-12-17T20:30:00-0500 2018-12-17T20:30:00-0500 Transparency and Self-Knowledge Alex Byrne <p>2018.12.17 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/transparency-and-self-knowledge/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Alex Byrne, <em>Transparency and Self-Knowledge</em>, Oxford University Press, 2018, 227pp., $40.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780198821618.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Jared Peterson, State University of New York-Oswego</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">How do we know what we believe, want, intend, or feel? In other words, how do we come to possess knowledge of our own minds? One historically influential answer to this question is that we know the contents of our minds via introspection. We "look inward" to determine what mental states we token. And when all goes right, we have self-knowledge that is both epistemically secure, and arrived at in a manner no one else can use to know the fact in question.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">Alex Byrne's book is an ambitious defense of the view that the above explanation of how we possess such knowledge gets things backwards -- instead of looking inward to know our minds,... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/transparency-and-self-knowledge/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/kierkegaards-god-and-the-good-life/ 2018-12-16T21:30:00-0500 2018-12-16T21:30:00-0500 Kierkegaard's God and the Good Life Stephen Minister, J. Aaron Simmons, and Michael Strawser (eds. <p>2018.12.16 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kierkegaards-god-and-the-good-life/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Stephen Minister, J. Aaron Simmons, and Michael Strawser (eds.), <em>Kierkegaard's God and the Good Life</em>, Indiana University Press, 2017, 272pp., $90.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780253029249.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by David Lappano, Centre for Christian Studies, Winnipeg, Canada</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">This book brings together a thoughtfully curated collection of essays that offers Kierkegaard as an important resource for anyone thinking through the intersection of religion, ethics, and social life in twenty-first century contexts. And, of course, one is not surprised that navigating this particular intersection also involves rich engagements with philosophy and literature.</p> <p class="NDPRBodyTexT" style="margin-bottom:0.0001pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt">The collection identifies two specific sites that have come to regard "the relationship between moral action and thinking about God as deeply problematic." The first site is Kierkegaardian scholarship where, Stephen Minister, J. Aaron Simmons, and Michael Strawser note, there is a growing tendency to read Kierkegaard's work "as a challenge to theism, rejecting classical modes of transcendence," and which "offers new... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/kierkegaards-god-and-the-good-life/" >Read More</a> </p> tag:ndpr.nd.edu,2005:/news/spinozas-political-treatise-a-critical-guide/ 2018-12-16T19:30:00-0500 2018-12-16T20:26:45-0500 Spinoza's Political Treatise: A Critical Guide Yitzhak Y. Melamed and Hasana Sharp (eds.) <p>2018.12.15 : <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/spinozas-political-treatise-a-critical-guide/" >View this Review Online</a> | <a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu//news" >View Recent NDPR Reviews</a></p> <p><strong><p class="NDPR2Bibliographic" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:12pt"><strong style="font-weight:bold">Yitzhak Y. Melamed and Hasana Sharp (eds.), <em>Spinoza's Political Treatise: A Critical Guide</em>, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 215pp., $105.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107170582.</strong></p></strong></p> <p><strong>Reviewed by Wiep van Bunge, Erasmus University Rotterdam</strong></p> <p class="NDPR1JournalTitle" style="margin-bottom:10pt; margin-left:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-top:0in">Baruch (or Benedict) de Spinoza is best known for two books: the <em>Ethica</em> (<em>E</em>), completed in 1675 but only published in his <em>Opera Posthuma</em> of 1677; and the <em>Tractatus theologico-politicus</em> (<em>TT</em>P), published anonymously in 1670. Although these books are widely held to be masterpieces today, much ink has been spilled over the question of how the two books are related given crucial differences in their style and the topics they address. Whereas the <em>E</em> provides us 'in the manner of geometry' with a metaphysics, a philosophy of mind, and a moral psychology, the <em>TTP</em> offers a philosophical analysis of theology and the foundations of politics. And, where the <em>E</em> provides one with a guide to true happiness, the <em>TTP</em> has... <br /> <p><a href="https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/spinozas-political-treatise-a-critical-guide/" >Read More</a> </p>